Hadhrat Umar Al-Farooq (Radhiallahu Anhu)

This entry is part 1 of 8 in the series Life of Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Umar Radhiallahu AnhuName: Umar ibnul Khattaab [1]

Famously known as: Abu Hafs

Title: AlFarooq

Date of Birth: Thirteen years after the incident of the elephant.

Mother’s name: Hantamah bint Haashim [2]

 

The Duaa of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

عن ابن عمر  رضي الله عنهما  أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال اللهم أعز الإسلام بأحب هذين الرجلين إليك بأبي جهل أو بعمر بن الخطاب قال وكان أحبهما إليه عمر (الترمذي)

Hadhrat ibn Umar (Radhiallahu Anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam made the following Duaa, “O Allah, strengthen Islam with whichever one of the two (persons) who is better in Your sight, Umar ibnul Khattaab or Abu Jahl. Ibn Umar (Radhiallahu Amhuma) states: “The better of the two was Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu).


[1] عمر بن الخطاب ابن نفيل بن عبد العزى بن رباح بن عبد الله بن قرط بن رزاح بن عدي بن كعب القرشي العدوي

[2] أسد الغابة

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) Accepting Islam – Part 1

This entry is part 2 of 8 in the series Life of Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu)-2Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) was determined to obliterate the religion of Islam and was notorious for persecuting the Muslims prior to embracing Islam. Once the Quraysh held a meeting wherein they sought for people who would volunteer to assassinate Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) boldly offered himself for this job, at which everybody exclaimed: “Surely, you are the one who can accomplish this task, O Umar!”

With his sword hanging from his neck, he immediately set out to accomplish this sinister task. On his way he met Sa'ad bin Abi Waqqas (Radhiallahu Anhu) of the Zuhrah clan.

Hadhrat Sa'ad (Radhiallahu Anhu) inquired: Where are you going O Umar?

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu): I am on my way to assassinate Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).

Hadhrat Sa'ad (Radhiallahu Anhu):  But do not you see that Banu Hashim, Banu Zuhrah and Banu Abd-e-Manaaf are likely to kill you in retaliation?

Hadhrat Umar (perceiving from the tone and address of Hadhrat Sa’ad (Radhiallahu Anhu) that he was trying to defend Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)): It seems that you have also renounced the religion of your forefathers. Let me deal with you first.

Immediately Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) drew out his sword. Hadhrat Sa'ad (Radhiallahu Anhu) announcing his Islam, also took out his sword.

Continue reading Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) Accepting Islam – Part 1 →

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) Accepting Islam – Part 2

This entry is part 3 of 8 in the series Life of Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu)-6Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) said, “Show me these pages, so I may see what it contains.”  His sister replied: “No, you are impure and no impure person can touch the Qur’an.” He insisted, but his sister was not prepared to allow him to touch the pages until he cleansed himself. Eventually Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) gave in. He proceeded to perform ghusal and then began to read from the pages. The pages contained the beginning verses of Surah Taaha. He commenced reciting from the beginning of the Surah, and he was moved when he reached the verse:

إِنَّنى أَنَا اللَّـهُ لا إِلـٰهَ إِلّا أَنا فَاعبُدنى وَأَقِمِ الصَّلوٰةَ لِذِكرى ﴿١٤﴾

"Lo! Indeed I am Allah. There is none worthy of worship save Me. So serve me and establish Salaat for My remembrance."

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) then said: “Take me to Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).”

On hearing this, Hadhrat Khabbab (Radhiallahu Anhu) came out from the inner room and said: “O Umar, glad tidings to you! I heard Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) supplicating to Allah Ta’ala last night (on Thursday night), ‘O Allah, strengthen Islam with either Umar ibnul Khattaab or Amr bin Hishaam (Abu Jahl)’. O Umar, it seems that the duaa of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has been answered in your favour.”

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) then proceeded to Darul Arqam, where Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and the Muslims were congregated at that time (to learn Deen). When Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) approached the door, Hadhrat Hamza (Radhiallahu Anhu), Hadhrat Talha (Radhiallahu Anhu) and other Muslims saw him approaching. Hadhrat Hamza (Radhiallahu Anhu), upon seeing the Muslims being overcome with fear and apprehension upon seeing Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu), he allayed their fears saying, “Here is Umar approaching. If Allah Ta’ala intends good for him, then he will accept Islam and follow the teachings of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). However, if Allah Ta’ala does not wish good for him, then we will deal with him with the sword.”

In the meantime, Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was inside the house of Arqam and wahy began descending upon him. No sooner that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) learnt about the coming of Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu), Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) stood up and advanced towards him. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) took hold of him by his collar and held the handle of his sword saying, “O Umar! When will you desist from the life of kufr (disbelief)?!  O Allah! Here is Umar bin Khattaab. O Allah! Strengthen the Deen with Umar bin Khattaab.”

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) then recited the shahaadat and accepted Islam on the hands of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).   

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) embraced Islam on the morning of Jumuah (Friday). The Islam of Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) was a terrible blow to the morale of the disbelievers. After the Islam of Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu), the Muslims started performing their Salaah openly in the Haram. Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mas'ood (Radhiallahu Anhu) says: “The Islam of Umar was a great triumph, his emigration to Madinah Tayyibah a tremendous reinforcement, and his accession to the Khilaafat a great blessing for the Muslims.[1]


[1] فضائل الأعمال، صفة الصفوة ، أسد الغابة

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) and the Fear of Allah Ta’ala

This entry is part 4 of 8 in the series Life of Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu)-4Once while Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) was engaged in some important work, a person came to him and complained about some petty grievance. The man requested Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) to address the matter. Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) became annoyed and lashed him across his shoulders, saying: “When I avail myself for that purpose, then you do not come to me but when I am busy engaged in other important duties then you come to interrupt me.” The man, feeling ashamed, then walked away. Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) later on sent for him. When he came Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) handed over the whip to him and said: “You may now lash me to even the matter.” The man however replied: “I forgive you for the sake of Allah Ta’ala.”

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) subsequently went home, performed two rakaat salaah in repentance and scolded himself saying: “O Umar! You were low but Allah Ta’ala elevated you. You were wandering astray but Allah Ta’ala guided you. You were base but Allah Ta’ala ennobled you and gave you sovereignty over His people. Now one of them comes and asks you for redress of the wrong done to him, and you beat him? What answer have you to give before Allah?” He kept on chiding himself thus for a very long time. (Fazaail A’maal)

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu)’s Adherence to the Sunnah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

This entry is part 5 of 8 in the series Life of Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu)-3When Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) became the khalifa, a small amount of wealth was fixed as his daily allowance from the Baytul Maal (with the maswarah (consultation) of the Sahaabah). After some time, some Sahaabah including Hadhrat Ali, Hadhrat Uthmaan, Hadhrat Zubair and Hadhrat Talhah (Radhiallahu Anhum) proposed that the allowance of Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) should be increased, as it was barely sufficient for his needs. However, each person felt reluctant to present the suggestion to Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu).

The Sahaabah thus approached Ummul Mu’mineen Hadhrat Hafsah (Radhiallahu Anha), the daughter of Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu), and requested her to put forward the suggestion to Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) without mentioning their names to him.

When Hadhrat Hafsah (Radhiallahu Anha) mentioned the suggested proposal to Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu), he became upset and asked: “Who are those that are making this suggestion?”

Hadhrat Hafsah (Radhiallahu Anha): Let me first know your opinion on this matter.

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu): If I knew who these people were, I would smite them on their faces. O Hafsah! Tell me what was the best clothing of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) in your house?

Continue reading Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu)’s Adherence to the Sunnah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) →