Sunnats and Aadaab of Greeting (Salaam) – Part 11

1.  When someone conveys the salaam of a person to you, then you should reply by saying “Alaika Wa Alaihis Salaam”. However, if one replies by merely saying “Wa alaikumus Salaam”, it will suffice.

عن غالب قال إنا لجلوس بباب الحسن إذ جاء رجل فقال حدثنى أبى عن جدى قال بعثنى أبى إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال ائته فأقرئه السلام. قال فأتيته فقلت إن أبى يقرئك السلام. فقال: عليك وعلى أبيك السلام. (ابو داود رقم 5233)

Hadhrat Ghaalib (Rahimahullah) reports: “We were once seated at the door of (the home of) Hadhrat Hasan Basri (Rahimahullah) when a person came and said: ‘My father related the following incident from my grandfather. He (my grandfather) said: ‘My father once sent me to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) saying, ‘Go to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and convey my salaams to him.’ When I reached him I conveyed the salaams of my father saying, ‘My father conveys salaams to you.’ Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “Alaika Wa ala abeeka salaam (i.e. May salaam (peace) descend upon you and upon your father).’”

Practising on the Entire Deen

Hazrat Shaikh Moulana Muhammad Zakariyya (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) once mentioned:

Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) selected five Ahaadith from five hundred thousand Ahaadith. These five Ahaadith are such that through practising on them, one will be practising on the entire Deen.

After Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah), Imaam Abu Dawood (rahimahullah) selected four thousand eight hundred Ahaadith from five hundred thousand Ahaadith and compiled them into his kitaab, Sunan Abi Dawood. From these Ahaadith four thousand eight hundred Ahaadith which he compiled into his kitaab, he selected four Ahaadith and stated that the one who practises on them will be practising upon the entire Deen. All these four Ahaadith are among the five Ahaadith that Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) had selected. Imaam Abu Dawood (rahimahullah) did not select the fifth Hadith as he understood that the meaning of the fifth Hadith can be included in the other four Ahaadith.

Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) passed away in the year 150 A.H. Imaam Abu Dawood (rahimahullah) was born fifty two years later, in the year 202 A.H. From this, it seems possible that Imaam Abu Dawood (rahimahullah) had taken this view from Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah).

These four Ahaadith are:

إنما الأعمال بالنيات إلخ

(The acceptance of) all actions are based on the intentions (with which the actions were carried out).

لا يكون المؤمن مؤمنا حتى يرضى لأخيه ما يرضى لنفسه

One will not be a true believer until he wishes for his brother that which he wishes for himself.

من حسن إسلام المرأ تركه ما لايعنيه

From the beauty of a person’s Islam is that he leaves out that which does not concern him.

الحلال بين والحرام بين وبينهما مشبهات لا يعلمها كثير من الناس فمن اتقى المشبها استبرأ لدينه وعرضه إلخ

Halaal is clear and haraam is clear, and between the halaal and haraam are such things which are doubtful and many people do not know it. The one who abstains from these doubtful things will protect his Deen and his honor.

(Suhbat Baa Awliyaa pg. 94-97)

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Seven

The Special Du‘aa of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam):

Hazrat ‘Aa’ishah bint Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anha), the daughter of Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), narrates the following from Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu):

During the Battle of Uhud, (when the enemy had attacked from the rear and many Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) were killed on the battlefield,) the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) could not find Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and were moving about in confusion. At that time, I moved aside and said to myself, “I will continue to fight the kuffaar and defend my life. In the process of fighting, I will either gain martyrdom or Allah Ta‘ala will allow me to remain. If I survive this battle then surely I will get to meet Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).”

In this state, I suddenly saw a man covering his face due to which I could not recognize him. The disbelievers advanced towards him until I said to myself, “They have pursued him until they have finally reached him!” At that moment, the man filled his hand with pebbles and flung them into the faces of the disbelievers, causing them to turn on their heels and retreat until they reached the mountain. The man repeated this action multiple times (when the disbelievers attempted to attack him), and I did not know who he was (as I could not see his face).

Between myself and this man was Hazrat Miqdaad bin Aswad (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). I had just decided to ask Hazrat Miqdaad (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) who this great man was when Hazrat Miqdaad (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) said to me, “O Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)! This is Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) who is calling you!” I asked Hazrat Miqdaad (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), “Where is Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)?” In response, Hazrat Miqdaad (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) gestured towards the very same man.

Realizing that this man was none other than the beloved Rasul of Allah Ta‘ala (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), I immediately stood in my place, and out of extreme happiness, I became totally oblivious of my wounds. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said to me, “O Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)! Where have you been?” I responded, “I was at a distance from you, from where I could see you.”

Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) then seated me before him and I began to fire arrows while saying, “O Allah! This is your arrow, so make it strike your enemy!” While I was firing, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was making du‘aa for me saying, “O Allah! Accept the du‘aa of Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)! O Allah! Make the arrows of Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) strike the target! Continue to fire arrows, O Sa’d! May my father and mother be sacrificed for you!” I did not fire a single arrow except that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) repeated this du‘aa and these words.

Finally, when I had depleted all the arrows in my quiver, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) spread out the arrows of his quiver. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) then handed me an arrow with fletching (i.e. with feathers).

Imaam Zuhri (rahimahullah) has mentioned that Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) fired 1000 arrows during the Battle of Uhud.

(Mustadrak Haakim #4314)


Qiraa’ah in the Sunnah of Fajr Salaah – 2

 In the two rakaat sunnats of Fajr, it is sunnah for one to recite Aayah 136 of Surah Baqarah in the first rakaat and Aayah 64 of Surah Aal-e-Imraan in the second rakaat:

1)  قُولُوا آمَنَّا بِاللَّـهِ وَمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْنَا وَمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَالْأَسْبَاطِ وَمَا أُوتِيَ مُوسَىٰ وَعِيسَىٰ وَمَا أُوتِيَ النَّبِيُّونَ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُمْ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ ﴿البقرة: ١٣٦﴾

2) قُلْ يَـأَهْلَ ٱلْكِتَـبِ تَعَالَوْا إِلَى كَلِمَةٍ سَوَآءٍ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمْ أَلَّا نَعْبُدَ إِلَّا ٱللَّـهَ وَلَا نُشْرِكَ بِهِۦ شَيْـًٔا وَلَا يَتَّخِذَ بَعْضُنَا بَعْضًا أَرْبَابًا مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّـهِ فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَقُولُوا ٱشْهَدُوا بِأَنَّا مُسْلِمُونَ ﴿ آل عمران: ٦٤﴾


عن ابن عباس قال:كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقرأ في ركعتي الفجر: (قولوا آمنا بالله وما أنزل إلينا) (الآية)، والتي في آل عمران: (تعالوا إلى كلمة سواء بيننا وبينكم) (الآية).  (مسلم رقم 727)

Hazrat ibn Abbaas (Radhiyallahu Anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would recite (قولوا آمنا بالله وما أنزل إلينا) (الآية)  in the first rakaat and  (تعالوا إلى كلمة سواء بيننا وبينكم) (الآية) in the second rakaat of his (sunnat salaah of) Fajr.

The Sacred Months of the Year

Hazrat Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Daamat Barakaatuhu) mentioned:

In principle, the Qur‘aan and hadeeth do not discuss matters of physics or geography etc. If there is any aayat or hadeeth in this regard then it is not for the purpose of explaining any aspect of physics, instead it is on account of the shar‘ee law that is related to it. For example, the year having twelve months etc. is discussed because of the shar‘ee laws of Hajj, fasting, zakaat etc. that are linked to it.

Among these twelve months there are four that are sacred in the sight of Allah Ta‘ala. They are Zul Qa’dah, Zul Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab. In the past, it was impermissible to wage war during these months. Hence, the mushrikeen would refrain from commencing any war during this time. However, if a war was still ongoing and these months began, they would alternate the months and move the month to another part of the year so that the war could be completed.

If we compare ourselves to the mushrikeen of that era then there is no difference between them and us. We do the very same when it comes to matters of halaal and haraam. Where it goes against our desires, we are ready to change and adjust deen.