Forty Durood – Durood 38

green dome  اَﻟﺘﱠﺤِﻴﱠﺎتُ ﻟِﻠﻪِ اﻟﺼﱠﻠَﻮَاتُ اﻟﻄﱠﻴﱢﺒَﺎتُ، اَﻟﺴﱠﻼمُ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻚَ أَﻳــﱡﻬَﺎ اﻟﻨﱠﺒِﻲﱡ وَرَﺣْﻤَﺔُ اﷲِ، اَﻟﺴﱠﻼمُ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻨَﺎ وَﻋَﻠَﻰ ﻋِﺒَﺎدِ اﷲِ اﻟﺼﱠﺎﻟِﺤِﻴْﻦَ ، أَﺷْﻬَﺪُ أَنْ ﻻﱠ إِﻟَﻪَ إِﻻﱠ اﷲُ وَأَﺷْﻬَﺪُ أَنﱠ ﻣُﺤَﻤﱠﺪًا ﻋَﺒْﺪُﻩُ وَرَﺳُﻮْﻟُﻪُ

All verbal praises, physical praises and monetary devotions are for Allah Ta’ala. May the special peace of Allah Ta’ala descend upon you, O Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), and Allah’s choicest mercies. May peace descend upon us and upon all the pious servants of Allah Ta’ala. I bear witness that there is no deity except Allah Ta’ala, and I bear witness that Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) is His servant and messenger.

Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) 

Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) is a famous Sahaabi of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). No other Sahaabi has narrated as many Ahadith as he has done. He embraced Islam in 7 A.H. and since Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) passed away in 11 A.H., he had been with him for only four years. People used to marvel how he could remember so many Ahaadith in such a short period. He explains this himself, saying: “People wonder how I narrate so many Ahaadith. The fact is that my Muhajir brothers remained busy in trade and my Ansaar brothers did their farming, while I was always with Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). I was among the people of Suffah. I was not concerned of earning livelihood and constantly remained with Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) being content with whatever little food I received. I would be with Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) at times when no one else was there. I once complained to Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) about my poor memory. He said to me, ‘Spread out your shawl.’ I immediately did so. He thereafter made some signs with his mubaarak hands on my shawl and said, ‘Now wrap this shawl around you.’ I wrapped it around my chest. Since then, I have not forgotten anything that I have wished to remember.” (Fazaail Aamaal)

يَا رَبِّ صَلِّ وَ سَلِّمْ دَائِمًا أَبَدًا عَلَى حَبِيبِكَ خَيرِ الخَلْقِ كُلِّهِمِ

The Blessing of Ramadhaan

picture4Hazrat Shaikh Moulana Muhammad Zakariyya (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) writes:

The mubaarak month of Ramadhaan is a very great blessing and favour of Allah Ta’ala for the Muslims. However, the full blessing of this favour will be reaped by valuing it and appreciating it. Otherwise Ramadhaan will come and go without us gaining anything. (Fazaail-e-A’amaal [urdu], Fazaail-e-Ramadhaan pg. 2)

Prerequisite of Deriving full benefit from Zikr

dhikr1Hazrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) once mentioned:

Zikr is a means of acquiring great blessings. However, one will derive the full benefit from the blessings provided one refrains from evil actions and sins. This could be understood through the following illustration. Consider the example of a person who does not perform his faraaidh and performs nafl salaah. Though he will receive reward through performing the nafl salaah, however the sin of neglecting the faraaidh will outweigh the reward received through the nafl, to such an extent that the benefit of the nafl will not be seen. Furthermore, he will not find any stability and firmness in all other righteous actions. (Malfoozaat Hakeemul Ummat 2/164)

Significance of the 15th of Sha’baan

Q: I heard from an Arab Shaykh that although there are ahaadith with regards to the virtues of the night of shab-e-baraat, but nothing is authentic. So we dont need to attach special reverence to this day or night. Is this true? If not, please provide authentic ahaadith.

A: There are many authentic Ahaadith reported regarding the virtues of the fifteenth night of Sha’baan (Shab-e-baraa’at). Hereunder are a few Ahaadith:

عن أسامة بن زيد رضي الله عنهما قال قلت يا رسول الله لم أرك تصوم من شهر من الشهور ما تصوم من شعبان قال ذاك شهر يغفل الناس عنه بين رجب ورمضان وهو شهر ترفع فيه الأعمال إلى رب العالمين وأحب أن يرفع عملي وأنا صائم رواه النسائي (الترغيب والترهيب 2/48)

Hadhrat Usama ibn Zaid (Radiallahu Anhuma) reports that on one occasion I asked Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) “I do not see you fasting in any month as much as I see you fasting in Sha’baan?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied, “The month of Sha’baan is that month which comes in between Rajab and Ramadhaan. In this month many people are negligent (of Allah Ta’ala and doing righteous deeds). It (Sha’baan) is a month in which the actions of man are raised to Allah Ta’ala, and I desire that my actions be raised whilst I am fasting.”

وعن معاذ بن جبل رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال يطلع الله إلى جميع خلقه ليلة النصف من شعبان فيغفر لجميع خلقه إلا لمشرك أو مشاحن رواه الطبراني وابن حبان في صحيحه (الترغيب والترهيب 2/51)

Mu’aaz ibn Jabal (Radiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, Allah Ta’ala focuses towards His creation (with mercy) on the fifteenth night of Sha’baan, thereafter He forgives His entire creation with the exception of those who ascribe partners with Allah Ta’ala and those who harbour malice for the creation.

وعن عائشة رضي الله عنها أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم كان يصوم شعبان كله قالت قلت يا رسول الله أحب الشهور إليك أن تصومه شعبان قال إن الله يكتب فيه على كل نفس ميتة تلك السنة فأحب أن يأتيني أجلي وأنا صائم (الترغيب والترهيب 2/49)

Hadhrat ‘Aaisha (Radiallahu Anhaa) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) used to fast for the entire month of Sha’baan. Hadhrat ‘Aaisha (Radiallahu Anhaa) said that I enquired “O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), is Sha’baan regarded as the most beloved month for one to fast in.” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “It is in this month that Allah Ta’ala decides who is going to pass away that year, I desire that the decision of my death take place at the time when I am fasting.”

As far as the fast of Sha’baan is concerned, there are many authentic Ahaadith that give a clear description of how Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) fasted. Some Ahaadith explain that he fasted throughout the month of Sha’baan while other Ahaadith mention that he fasted for most of the month of Sha’baan. Apart from this it is proven that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)’s Mubaarak habit was to fast on the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth of every month. In view of the above-mentioned Ahaadith we presume that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was fasting on the fifteenth day of Sha’baan. Hence, since this day (the fifteenth) coincides with the fast of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), fasting on this day alone will also be permissible (though it is better for one to fast on the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth).

As far as the Hadith that commands fasting on the fifteenth day of Sha’baan is concerned, though it is regarded as weak according to the Muhadditheen (not competent to establish a Sunnah independantly), practicing upon it will be permissible since it comes within the purview of the other ahaadith which explain the fasting of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) . Over and above, it is authentically reported that when Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was asked the reason for him fasting during the month of Sha’baan, he said, “In this month of Sha’baan there is a night wherein the book of deeds of a person (in which the entire years actions are recorded) is raised to Allah Ta’ala and I desire that my deeds also be raised in the condition that I am fasting. From this Hadith we understand that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was fasting on the fifteenth of Sha’baan since the fifteenth night is the occasion when the actions are raised to Allah Ta’aala.

From the above-mentioned proofs it is evident that there is no harm in one fasting on the fifteenth of Sha’baan.

وفي رواية للنسائي قالت لم يكن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم لشهر أكثر صياما منه لشعبان كان يصومه أو عامته (الترغيب والترهيب 1/50)

وفي رواية للبخاري ومسلم قالت لم يكن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم يصوم شهرا أكثر من شعبان فإنه كان يصوم شعبان كله وكان يقول خذوا من العمل ما تطيقون فإن الله لا يمل حتى تملوا وكان أحب الصلاة إلى النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم ما دووم عليها وإن قلت وكان إذا صلى صلاة داوم عليها (الترغيب والترهيب 1/50)

وعن أم سلمة رضي الله عنها قالت ما رأيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يصوم شهرين متتابعين إلا شعبان ورمضان رواه الترمذي وقال حديث حسن وأبو داود ولفظه قالت لم يكن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم يصوم من السنة شهرا تاما إلا شعبان كان يصله برمضان (الترغيب والترهيب 1/50)

فتاوى محمودية (15/226)

Contemporary fataawa of Mufti Taqi Usmani (pg. 107)

 

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

Q: Is zakaat payable on outstanding debts owed to a person in lieu of merchandise sold? If the debt is paid after few years, will zakaat have to be paid for the previous years?

A: Zakaat is waaj​ib upon debts owed in lieu of merchandise sold. If the debt is paid after few years, the zakaat will have to be discharged for the previous years.

And Allah Ta'ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

( و ) اعلم أن الديون عند الإمام ثلاثة قوي ومتوسط وضعيف (فتجب ) زكاتها إذا تم نصابا وحال الحول لكن لا فورا بل ( عند قبض أربعين درهما من الدين ) القوي كقرض ( وبدل مال تجارة ) فكلما قبض أربعين درهما يلزمه درهم ( و ) عند قبض ( مائتين منه لغيرها ) أي من بدل مال لغير تجارة وهو المتوسط كثمن سائمة وعبيد خدمة ونحوهما مما هو مشغول بحوائجه الأصلية كطعام وشراب وأملاك ويعتبر ما مضى من الحول قبل القبض في الأصح ومثله ما لو ورث دينا على رجل ( و ) عند قبض ( مائتين مع حولان الحول بعده ) أي بعد القبض ( من ) دين ضعيف وهو ( بدل غير مال ) كمهر ودية وبدل كتابة وخلع

قوله ( في الأصح ) قد علم​ت أنه ظاهر الرواية وعبارة الفتح و البحر في صحيح الرواية قلت لكن قال في البدائع إن رواية ابن سماعة أنه لا زكاة فيه حت​ى يقبض المائتين ويحول الحول من وقت القبض هي الأصح من الروايتين عن أبي حنيفة اهـ ومثله في غاية البيان وعليه فحكمه حكم الدين الضعيف الآتي (رد المحتار 2/ 305)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)