Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu)

This entry is part 1 of 26 in the series Life of Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Name: Abdullah ibn Uthmaan (Abu Quhaafa) [1]

Famously known as: Abu Bakr

Titles: AlAteeq ; As-Siddeeq

Mother’s name: Salmah (Ummul Khair) bint Sakhr

How did he receive the title Al-Ateeq:

Hadhrat Aaisha (Radhiallahu Anha) relates that on one occasion Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu) came to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said to him: انت عتيق من النار (You are Ateeq [the one who has gained emancipation and freedom] from the fire of Jahannum). Thereafter, he became renowned with the title Al-Ateeq.

How did he receive the title As-Siddeeq:

Hadhrat Aaisha (Radhiallahu Anha) reports that on the occasion of Me’raj, when Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was taken by night from Musjid Haraam to Musjid Aqsa (and thereafter to the seven heavens), upon his return he informed the people of Makkah regarding the miraculous journey during the night. The people of Makkah doubted the words of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), and thus began ridiculing him. Some people even reneged from Islam, who previously had believed in Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Nevertheless, when Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu) was informed by certain people (trying to provoke Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu)) regarding what had transpired, he responded by saying: “Indeed I fully testify to what Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has said. When I have believed him in matters which are uncomprehendible and unfathomable to the human mind (i.e. matters relating to the Aakhirat), I believe him night and day regarding the revelation he receives from the unseen, Why should I then doubt him in this matter?” It was after this incident that he received the title As-Siddeeq. [2]


[1] عبد الله بن عثمان بن عامر ابن عمرو بن كعب بن سعد بن تيم بن مرة بن كعب ابن لؤي القرشي التيمي

[2] أسد الغابة

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu)-Accepting Islam

This entry is part 2 of 26 in the series Life of Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu)’s spontaneous response to the invitation of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) once said:

ما دعوت أحدا إلى الإسلام إلا كانت فيه عنده كبوة ونظر وتردد إلا ما كان من أبي بكر بن أبي قحافة ما عتم عنه حين ذكرته له وما تردد فيه

(At the beginning of Islam) Whoever I invited to Islam expressed some reservation and doubt, with the exception of Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu). When I invited him to Islam he readily embraced it, without an iota of doubt and hesitation.

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) was the first adult male to embrace Islam. Thereafter, he became the cause for many Sahaabah entering into the fold of Islam. From amongst them were five Sahaabah from the Ashara Mubash-shara viz. Hadhrat Uthmaan ibn Affaan, Hadhrat Zubair ibnul Awwaam, Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan ibn Auf, Hadhrat Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqaas and Hadhrat Talha ibn Ubaidillah (Radhiallahu Anhum). [1]

Incident regarding his accepting Islam

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) relates: Prior to the advent of Islam, I set out on a journey to Yemen. Along the journey, I came across an old, learned Sheikh from the tribe of Azd. He possessed great knowledge regarding the previous scriptures, and was quite familiar in regard to the ways and mannerisms of the various tribes of people.

Upon seeing me, the following dialogue ensued between us:

 The learned Sheikh: “From your appearance I make out that you are from the residents of the Haram.”

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq: “Yes, I am from the people of the Haram.”

 The learned Sheikh: “It seems like you are from the Quraish tribe.”

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq: “Yes, I am from the Quraish.”

The learned Sheikh: “It seems like you belong to the Banu Taim clan (i.e. from the descendants of Taim ibn Murrah).”

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq: “Yes, I am from the progeny of Taim ibn Murrah. I am Abdullah ibn Uthmaan , from the children of Ka’b ibn Sa’d ibn Taim ibn Murrah.”

The learned Sheikh: “All the signs are evidently witnessed in you, however there is one more sign that has not yet been proven.”

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Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu)’s sufferings for Islam.

This entry is part 3 of 26 in the series Life of Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu)

In the initial stages of Islam, those who embraced Islam had to keep their faith secret as far as possible.  As the Muslims were being constantly persecuted by the Quraysh, even Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) advised all new Muslims to practise Islam secretly, so that they might not have to suffer at the hands of the Quraysh.

When, however, the number of Muslims reached 39, Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) made a suggestion for the open preaching and practicing of Islam.  Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would not agree, but, when Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallaho Anhu) insisted, he gave his consent and so all of them went to the Haram to propagate the deen of Islam. Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallaho Anhu) began to speak, and the Khutbah (sermon) given by him was the first ever delivered in the annals of Islam. Hadhrat Hamzah (Radhiallahu Anhu), the uncle of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and the Chief of Martyrs embraced Islam on that very day, while Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) came into Islam on the third day of this address. No sooner did Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) start speaking than the idolaters and disbelievers from amongst the Quraysh fell upon the Muslims from all sides. Despite the fact that he was considered to be the noblest and most respectable of all the people in Makkah Mukarramah, Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) was beaten to such an extent that his nose, ears and entire face were besmeared  with  blood. He was kicked, thrashed with shoes, trampled under feet and handled most roughly and savagely. He became unconscious and half-dead; none hoped that he would ever survive this brutal onslaught.

 Banu Taim, the people of his clan, came and carried him to his house. They also announced in the Haram that if Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) succumbed to his injuries, they would in retaliation take the life of Utbah bin Rabee'ah, who had taken the most active part in the attack. Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) remained unconscious the entire day. The people around him shouted his name again and again to gauge if he was in his senses, but he would not speak. Late in the evening however, he opened his eyes and showed signs of consciousness. As soon as he was able to speak, he enquired:

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Aiding Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) in difficulty

This entry is part 4 of 26 in the series Life of Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu)

On one occasion, whilst Rasulullah  (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was engaged in performing salaah by the Ka’bah, one of the leaders of the Quraish Uqbah bin Abi Mu’ait approached him with the sinister intention of persecuting him. Uqbah then removed his shawl and began ruthlessly strangling Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). No sooner did Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) learn about this, he rushed to the scene to rescue Rasulullah (Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam). He immediately grabbed Uqbah by his shoulder and pushed him away from Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq then reproachingly addressed Uqbah in the following words:

 

أَتَقْتُلُونَ رَجُلًا أَن يَقُولَ رَبِّيَ اللَّـهُ وَقَدْ جَاءَكُم بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ

Do you intend killing a man on the mere basis that he proclaims that Allah Ta’aala is my creator; whilst he has brought to you clear signs from your Lord? [1]

 

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The Freeing of Hadhrat Bilaal (Radhiallahu Anhu)

This entry is part 5 of 26 in the series Life of Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Hadhrat Bilaal (Radhiallahu Anhu) was an Abyssinian slave who entered into the fold of Islam in the early days of Islam. He belonged to a woman of the Banu Jumah tribe. Umayyah bin Khalaf , the worst enemy of Islam, was her agent. He would make him lie down on the burning sand at midday and would place a heavy stone on his chest, so that he could not even move a limb. He would then say to him: “Renounce Islam or swelter and die.”

Even under these extreme afflictions, Hadhrat Bilal (Radhiallahu Anhu) would exclaim: “Ahad Ahad!” (There is only one Allah (who is my creator and worthy of worship)).

He used to be severely beaten and lashed at night. Despite the wounds and injuries sustained through the lashing, the following day the Mushrikeen would lay him down again on the burning ground in the scorching heat of Makkah Mukarramah so that he would renounce Islam. They would also drag Hadhrat Bilaal (Radhiallahu Anhu) through the two mountains of Makkah Mukarramah with a rope around his neck, torturing him in this manner. All this was done only in order that he forsake Islam or die a lingering, abject death in the process. The torturers (Abu Jahl, Umayyah and others) would take turns in punishing him. They would vie with one another to see who could inflict the most painful punishment on him. Despite the severe persecution and hardships, Hadhrat Bilaal (Radhiallahu Anhu) remained steadfast and would continuously say, “Ahad! Ahad!” (There is only one Allah (who is my creator and worthy of worship)).  

One day Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) passed by the Mushrikeen while they were meting out punishment upon Hadhrat Bilaal (Radhiallahu Anhu). Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) could not bear it any longer to see Hadhrat Bilaal (Radhiallahu Anhu) in such pain and misery. He addressed Umayyah bin Khalaf (one of the leaders of Makkah) saying: “O Umayyah, do you not fear Allah Ta’aala for what you are doing to this weak slave? Until when will you continue torturing him and persecuting him so severely?”

Umayyah replied, “It is you people who have landed him into this misery (i.e. through introducing a new religion in our land and turning away from the religion of our forefathers). Hence, you may rescue him from this torment if you so wish.” Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) while negotiating the price with Umayyah, offered to exchange the slave he had in place of Hadhrat Bilaal (Radhiallahu Anhu) as well as pay nine ooqiya of silver (three hundred and sixty Dirhams). Thus he said to Umayyah, “I have an Abyssinian slave who is stronger than him and a follower of your religion. If you so wish I am willing to exchange him for Hadhrat Bilaal (Radhiallahu Anhu).” Umayyah agreed to the exchange. Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu), upon purchasing Hadhrat Bilaal (Radhiallahu Anhu), immediately freed him for the sake of Allah Ta’aala.

Once the deal was done, Umayyah tauntingly mentioned to Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu): “By the qasm of Laat and Uzza, (since he is not worth anything in my sight) if you offered even one ooqiya to purchase him, I would have sold him to you. Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) retorted: “I take a qasm on Allah Ta’aala, if I was forced to pay one hundred ooqiya (four thousand Dirhams) to purchase him (since he is worth so much in the sight of Allah Ta’aala), I would have accepted the offer and purchased him.” [1]

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