Displaying posts categorized under

Hadhrat Thaanwi (Rahmatullahi Alaih)

Constantly Remaining Vigilant of the Nafs

Hazrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) once mentioned:

It is absolutely vital for one to constantly remain vigilant and cautious regarding his nafs. The nafs is such that if it finds the opportunity and the means to fulfil its desires, it will never rest until it gets what it wants. In fact, even those who have progressed sufficiently in the path of self reformation, it is nevertheless, dangerous for them as well to become complacent and relax their guard regarding the nafs. However, the difference with them is that due to their knowledge and experience in traversing the path of self reformation, it is not as difficult for them to bring their nafs under control at the time of danger. The condition of our nafs is like that of a stubborn horse. When it is let loose, it neither looks forward nor backward (as it is out of control and runs in any direction without thinking). In this state, the damage that the nafs can cause is so serious that we cannot truly comprehend it. (Malfoozaat Hakeemul Ummat 8/50)

The Blessing of Du’aa

A person once mentioned to Hazrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (rahmatullahi ‘alaih), “Hazrat, I do not feel motivated to make du’aa.”

Hazrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) replied:

The reason for a person not feeling enthusiasm and motivation for making du’aa is that he does not immediately see the effect of his du’aa. For example, if a person makes du’aa for wealth and immediately receives some money, or he makes du’aa for an apple and it immediately falls into his lap, then due to him seeing his du’aa have an instant effect, you will see him become very enthusiastic and motivated to make du’aa.

The lack of motivation to make du’aa is normally because a person feels that he will not gain or receive anything through making du’aa, and feeling in this way is a sign of being deprived.

Hence, at the time of making du’aa, one should have the conviction that Allah Ta’ala will certainly accept his du’aa and bless him. Accepting his du’aa and blessing him means that Allah Ta’ala will turn His special favour towards him. Receiving the special favour of Allah Ta’ala does not necessarily mean that one will receive the thing that he had made du’aa for. Rather, one may receive that or something far greater. Consider the example of a beggar who asks someone for a few coins, and in exchange, the person gives him gold coins instead of the few coppers that he had requested. If the beggar does not understand the value of the gold coins, he will feel to himself that his request was not answered. Little does he realize that he has received something far more valuable and superior than what he had asked for. Similarly, at times, a servant seeks wealth from Allah Ta’ala, but Allah Ta’ala does not give him the wealth (as it may not be good for him at that time). Rather, Allah Ta’ala blesses him with the Taufeeq of performing two rakaats of Nafl Salaah through which he gains the special mercy of Allah Ta’ala. It will be the folly of the person to consider himself deprived on account of not receiving the wealth that he had asked for. (Malfoozaat Hakeemul Ummat 3/72)

The Danger of Engaging in Idle Conversation

Hazrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) once mentioned:

It is extremely unfortunate for a person’s time to be wasted in idleness, without him gaining anything. If one does not have any work to attend to, then he should at least engage himself in the chores of the home. In carrying out the chores of the home, not only will his heart perceive a sense of fulfilment and satisfaction, but he will also be engaged in ibaadah and receive reward as he is assisting his family.

When a person passes his time by sitting with people and chatting about things that are futile, then he is at great risk of falling into harm, as the conversation often turns to gossip, complaining about people, and sometimes even involves backbiting. Hence, it is vitally important that one abstain from getting involved in discussions without a genuine need. (Malfoozaat Hakeemul Ummat 8/289)

Who should we get our Daughter Married to?

Hazrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) writes:

Nowadays, many youngsters read and study un-Islamic literature in the English language. Many things found in these un-Islamic English books and magazines are contrary to the Islamic beliefs and teachings. Many youngsters do not possess Deeni knowledge and understanding and therefore when they come across these un-Islamic literature, they believe whatever they read, even though it opposes the Islamic beliefs and teachings. Based on the lack of Deeni knowledge, they do not understand that believing in such things causes them to lose their Imaan. At times (being influenced by the wrongs found in these un-Islamic literature, their mindset is affected and) they utter such statements which causes them to come out of the fold of Islam. If a Muslim girl is married to such a person, the nikaah is not considered valid in Shariah as the person she is married to is not a believer (as he subscribes to beliefs that are totally against Islam), although outwardly he may seem to be a believer. If the marriage is not valid, it would mean that their entire lives are spent in sin. The parents will be sinful in this world and will have to face punishment in the hereafter for getting their daughter married to such a person.

It is therefore extremely important and necessary that just as you enquire about the family background and financial position of the boy who proposes for your daughter, it is much more important for you to enquire about the Deeni level and commitment of the boy. If you do not know anything about his beliefs and Deeni commitment, don’t ever give your daughter to him. A poor believer who is committed to his Deen is a thousand times better than a rich person who does not possess Deen. It is also noticed that the person who does not possess Deen does not fulfil the rights of his wife. At times, he will not even give her a cent to spend. When there is no happiness and peace of mind and heart in such a marriage, then of what benefit and good will it be to her that she is married in an affluent family. (Behishti Zewar (Urdu) pg.840)

Practising on the Entire Deen

Hazrat Shaikh Moulana Muhammad Zakariyya (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) once mentioned:

Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) selected five Ahaadith from five hundred thousand Ahaadith. These five Ahaadith are such that through practising on them, one will be practising on the entire Deen.

After Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah), Imaam Abu Dawood (rahimahullah) selected four thousand eight hundred Ahaadith from five hundred thousand Ahaadith and compiled them into his kitaab, Sunan Abi Dawood. From these Ahaadith four thousand eight hundred Ahaadith which he compiled into his kitaab, he selected four Ahaadith and stated that the one who practises on them will be practising upon the entire Deen. All these four Ahaadith are among the five Ahaadith that Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) had selected. Imaam Abu Dawood (rahimahullah) did not select the fifth Hadith as he understood that the meaning of the fifth Hadith can be included in the other four Ahaadith.

Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) passed away in the year 150 A.H. Imaam Abu Dawood (rahimahullah) was born fifty two years later, in the year 202 A.H. From this, it seems possible that Imaam Abu Dawood (rahimahullah) had taken this view from Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah).

These four Ahaadith are:

إنما الأعمال بالنيات إلخ

(The acceptance of) all actions are based on the intentions (with which the actions were carried out).

لا يكون المؤمن مؤمنا حتى يرضى لأخيه ما يرضى لنفسه

One will not be a true believer until he wishes for his brother that which he wishes for himself.

من حسن إسلام المرأ تركه ما لايعنيه

From the beauty of a person’s Islam is that he leaves out that which does not concern him.

الحلال بين والحرام بين وبينهما مشبهات لا يعلمها كثير من الناس فمن اتقى المشبها استبرأ لدينه وعرضه إلخ

Halaal is clear and haraam is clear, and between the halaal and haraam are such things which are doubtful and many people do not know it. The one who abstains from these doubtful things will protect his Deen and his honor.

(Suhbat Baa Awliyaa pg. 94-97)