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Ikhlaas – Sincerity in all Actions

The Three People of the Cave

This entry is part 23 of 23 in the series Ikhlaas - Sincerity in all Actions

عن عبد الله بن عمر رضي الله عنهما قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول انطلق ثلاثة نفر ممن كان قبلكم حتى آواهم المبيت إلى غار فدخلوه فانحدرت صخرة من الجبل فسدت عليهم الغار فقالوا إنه لا ينجيكم من هذه الصخرة إلا أن تدعوا الله بصالح أعمالكم فقال رجل منهم اللهم كان لي أبوان شيخان كبيران وكنت لا أغبق قبلهما أهلا ولا مالا فنأى بي في طلب شجر يوما فلم أرح عليهما حتى ناما فحلبت لهما غبوقهما فوجدتهما نائمين وكرهت أن أغبق قبلهما أهلا أو مالا فلبثت والقدح على يدي أنتظر استيقاظهما حتى برق الفجر- زاد بعض الرواة (والصبية يتضاغون عند قدميّ) فاستيقظا فشربا غبوقهما اللهم إن كنت فعلت ذلك ابتغاء وجهك ففرج عنا ما نحن فيه من هذه الصخرة فانفرجت شيئا لا يستطيعون الخروج قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وقال الآخر اللهم كانت لي ابنة عم كانت أحب الناس إلي فأردتها عن نفسها فامتنعت مني حتى ألمت بها سنة من السنين فجاءتني فأعطيتها عشرين ومائة دينار على أن تخلي بيني وبين نفسها ففعلت حتى إذا قدرت عليها قالت لا أحل لك أن تفض الخاتم إلا بحقه فتحرجت من الوقوع عليها فانصرفت عنها وهي أحب الناس إلي وتركت الذهب الذي أعطيتها اللهم إن كنت فعلت ابتغاء وجهك فافرج عنا ما نحن فيه فانفرجت الصخرة غير أنهم لا يستطيعون الخروج منها قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وقال الثالث اللهم (إني) استأجرت أجراء و أعطيتهم أجرهم غير رجل واحد ترك الذي له وذهب فثمرت أجره حتى كثرت منه الأموال فجاءني بعد حين فقال يا عبد الله أد إلي أجري فقلت له كل ما ترى من أجرك من الإبل والبقر والغنم والرقيق فقال يا عبد الله لا تستهزئ بي فقلت إني لا أستهزئ بك فأخذه كله فاستاقه فلم يترك منه شيئا اللهم فإن كنت فعلت ذلك ابتغاء وجهك فافرج عنا ما نحن فيه فانفرجت الصخرة فخرجوا يمشون  (الترغيب و الترهيب 1/55)

Hadhrat ibn Umar (Radhiyallahu Anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: There were three people from the nations before you, who were once travelling on a journey when they had taken shelter in a cave (due to being overtaken by a storm). Suddenly, a rock fell from the mountain and blocked the exit of the cave.

One of them said: “The only way to gain freedom from this predicament is to beseech Allah Ta’ala via some virtuous deed that was committed.” Thereupon one of them supplicated, “O Allah, my parents were very old. I used to offer them milk at night before my children and the other members of the family. One day I travelled far in search of (grass for the animals) and only returned after my parent had gone to sleep. When I had milked the animals and brought the milk to them, they were already fast asleep. I did not wish to disturb them, nor did I wish to give any part of the milk to my children and other members of the family before I served my parents. Thus, with the vessel in my hand, I awaited their awakening till the time of dawn set in, while the children cried out of hunger at my feet. When my parents awoke, I first served them the milk (and then served my family and children). O Allah, if I carried out this action solely for Your pleasure, then do relieve us of this distress.” Thereupon, the rock moved a little but not enough to allow them to come out.

Then the second man supplicated: “O Allah, I had a cousin whom I loved the most. I tried to seduce her but she always refused, until a time came when she was in great difficulty and was going through poverty. She approached me (for financial assistance and help) and I gave her one hundred and twenty dinars on condition that she would allow me to have relations with her. She (initially) agreed, and when we were together and I was in privacy with her, she pleaded: ‘I don’t allow you to open the seal (i.e. to have relations with me) except in the lawful manner (i.e. it is only permissible for my husband)’. I thus moved away from her, despite the fact that I desired her most passionately; and I let her keep the money I had given her. O Allah, if I carried out this action solely for Your pleasure, then do relieve us of this distress.” Thereupon, the rock again moved a little but not enough to allow them to come out.

Then the third person supplicated: “O Allah, I hired some laborers and paid them their dues, but one of them left without taking what was due to him. I invested it and it prospered greatly. After a while the labourer returned and said: ‘O servant of Allah, hand over to me my wages.’ I said to him: ‘All that you see is yours – camels, cattle, goats and slaves.’ He said: ‘O servant of Allah, do not joke with me.’ I assured him that I was not joking with him. So he took all of it leaving nothing behind. O Allah, if I carried out this action solely for Your pleasure, then do relieve us of our distress.”

The rock then moved away, and all three left the cave walking.”

The Four Types of People in the World

This entry is part 22 of 23 in the series Ikhlaas - Sincerity in all Actions

عن أبي كبشة الأنماري رضي الله عنه أنه سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول ثلاث أقسم عليهن وأحدثكم حديثا فاحفظوه  قال ما نقص مال عبد من صدقة ولا ظلم عبد مظلمة صبر عليها إلا زاده الله عزا ولا فتح عبد باب مسألة إلا فتح الله عليه باب فقر أو كلمة نحوها وأحدثكم حديثا فاحفظوه قال إنما الدنيا لاربعة نفر عبد رزقه الله مالا وعلما فهو يتقي فيه ربه ويصل فيه رحمه ويعلم لله فيه حقا فهذا بأفضل المنازل وعبد رزقه الله علما ولم يرزقه مالا فهو صادق النية يقول لو أن لي مالا لعملت بعمل فلان فهو بنيته فأجرهما سواء وعبد رزقه الله مالا ولم يرزقه علما يخبط في ماله بغير علم ولا يتقي فيه ربه ولا يصل فيه رحمه ولا يعلم لله فيه حقا فهذا بأخبث المنازل وعبد لم يرزقه الله مالا ولا علما فهو يقول لو أن لي مالا لعملت فيه بعمل فلان فهو بنيته فوزرهما سواء رواه أحمد والترمذي واللفظ له وقال حديث حسن صحيح (الترغيب و الترهيب 1/66)

Hadhrat Abu Kabsha (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) say: “I take a qasm upon three things, and in this regard I will narrate a hadith to you, so remember it.” He then said: “Through discharging sadaqah, one’s wealth does not decrease. The one who exercises patience upon the oppression done against him, Allah Ta’ala will grant him respect and honour. Whenever a servant opens the door of begging (from the creation), Allah Ta’ala opens the door of want and poverty for him.”

I will narrate to you a hadith, so remember it. The world contains four types of people. The first person is he who Allah Ta’ala blessed with wealth and knowledge (Deeni knowledge). In regard to the use of the wealth he fears Allah Ta’ala and he uses it to maintain family ties, and he is mindful of the rights of Allah Ta’ala in his wealth. This is the most virtuous person and greatest in rank.  The second person is he who Allah Ta’ala blessed with knowledge (Deeni knowledge) but did not grant him wealth. However on account of him possessing a sincere heart, he expresses the intention (with firm determination) before Allah Ta’ala that had he possessed wealth he would have surely carried out deeds of generosity as the first person carried out. Thus he will receive reward based on his intention, and he and the first person will both be equal in (receiving) reward. The third person is he whom Allah Ta’ala gave wealth, however He did not bless him with knowledge (Deeni knowledge). He squanders his wealth ignorantly, and does not fear Allah Ta’ala regarding his wealth, nor does he use the wealth to maintain family ties, nor is he mindful of the rights of Allah Ta’ala in his wealth. This person is the most despicable and the worst in rank. The forth person is he whom Allah Ta’ala did not bestow him with wealth or knowledge. He says (and desires within his heart with full determination) that had he possessed wealth, then he would have surely carried out evil deeds as the third person carried out. Thus he will receive sin based on his intention (i.e. due to his determination upon carrying out sin, he will be sinful in the court of Allah Ta’ala), and he and the third person will both be equal in (receiving) sin.

Sadaqah Given with Ikhlaas

This entry is part 21 of 23 in the series Ikhlaas - Sincerity in all Actions

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال قال رجل لأتصدقن الليلة بصدقة فخرج بصدقته فوضعها في يد سارق فأصبحوا يتحدثون تصدق الليلة على سارق فقال اللهم لك الحمد على سارق لأتصدقن بصدقة فخرج بصدقته فوضعها في يد زانية فأصبحوا يتحدثون تصدق الليلة على زانية فقال اللهم لك الحمد على زانية لأتصدقن بصدقة فخرج بصدقته فوضعها في يد غني فأصبحوا يتحدثون تصدق الليلة على غني فقال اللهم لك الحمد على سارق وزانية وغني فأتي فقيل له أما صدقتك على سارق فلعله أن يستعف عن سرقته  وأما الزانية فلعلها أن تستعف عن زناها وأما الغني فلعله أن يعتبر فينفق مما أعطاه الله  رواه البخاري واللفظ له ومسلم والنسائي قالا فيه فقيل له أما صدقتك فقد تقبلت ثم ذكر الحديث  (الترغيب و الترهيب 1/69)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Once there was a person who said: ‘Tonight I will most certainly give out some sadaqah.’ He then proceeded to distribute his sadaqah and (unknowingly) placed it in the hands of a thief. The next morning the people began discussing that sadaqah was given the previous night to a thief. When this news reached him, the man then said (in shock and surprise): ‘O Allah, to You belongs all praise. (However my sadaqah) had went into the hands of a thief. The man then resolved to give sadaqah once again on the second night.  He then proceeded to distribute his sadaqah and (unknowingly) placed it in the hands of an immoral woman. The next morning the people began discussing that sadaqah was given the previous night to an immoral woman. When this news reached him, the man then said (in shock and surprise): ‘O Allah, to You belongs all praise. (However my sadaqah) had went into the hands of an immoral woman. The man then resolved to give sadaqah once more on the third night.  He then proceeded to distribute his sadaqah and (unknowingly) placed it in the hands of a rich person. The next morning the people began discussing that sadaqah was given the previous night to a rich man. When the man heard of this, he said (in shock and surprise): ‘O Allah, to You belongs all praise, despite the fact that my sadaqah had reached the hands of a thief, an immoral woman and a rich person (during the previous three nights).’ The man then saw a dream wherein he was informed that (on account of your ikhlaas in discharging the sadaqah on those three nights, the outcome of the ikhlaas was that): ‘The sadaqah you gave to the thief, (then that sadaqah) became a means of preventing him from stealing. The sadaqah you gave to the immoral woman, (then that sadaqah) became a means of preventing her from her immorality. The sadaqah you gave to the rich man, (then that sadaqah) became a means of him taking lesson, and also spending from the wealth which Allah Ta’ala had bestowed upon him.

The Successful Person

This entry is part 20 of 23 in the series Ikhlaas - Sincerity in all Actions

عن أبي ذر رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال قد أفلح من أخلص قلبه للإيمان وجعل قلبه سليما ولسانه صادقا ونفسه مطمئنة وخليقته مستقيمة وجعل أذنه مستمعة وعينه ناظرة فأما الأذن فقمع والعين مقرة بما يوعي القلب وقد أفلح من جعل قلبه واعيا  رواه أحمد والبيهقي وفي إسناد أحمد احتمال للتحسين (الترغيب و الترهيب 1/63)

Hadhrat Abu Zar (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Successful is the one whose heart is filled solely with Imaan, and he keeps his heart clean (from all types of sins relating to the heart e.g. malice, jealousy, hatred, evil thoughts etc.) and he keeps his tongue truthful (in his speech, promises, commitments etc) and his soul is at every moment pleased (with Allah Ta’ala and always remembering Him) and his disposition and nature remains completely balanced (in all situations i.e. not inclined towards either extreme exceeding the bounds of Shariah nor falling short in fulfilling the commands of Shariah), and he keeps his ears attentive (towards the truth) and his eyes focused (towards the truth). As far as the ear is concerned, it is a funnel through which things are filtered through, and the heart takes in what the eyes see. Indeed the one who has made his heart the protector of all good is successful. 

Carrying Out Good Deeds with Ikhlaas

This entry is part 19 of 23 in the series Ikhlaas - Sincerity in all Actions

وعن الضحاك بن قيس قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم إن الله تبارك وتعالى يقول أنا خير شريك فمن أشرك معي شريكا فهو لشريكي يا أيها الناس أخلصوا أعمالكم فإن الله تبارك وتعالى لا يقبل من الأعمال إلا ما خلص له ولا تقولوا هذه لله وللرحم فإنها للرحم وليس لله منها شيء ولا تقولوا هذه لله ولوجوهكم فإنها لوجوهكم وليس لله منها شيء رواه البزار بإسناد لا بأس به والبيهقي  قال الحافظ لكن الضحاك بن قيس مختلف في صحبته  (الترغيب و الترهيب 1/60)

Hadhrat Dahhaak bin Qais (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said that Allah Ta’ala says: “I am the best partner (in a partnership). Whosoever ascribes a partner with me (in any act of worship), then I leave the entire act of worship (carried out for Me and for someone else) for my partner (i.e. for the one who was made a partner with Allah Ta’ala).” Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) then addressing the Sahaabah said: “O people! Carry out your aa’maal solely for the pleasure of Allah Ta’ala (i.e. with complete sincerity), as only those actions are accepted in the court of Allah Ta’ala that are carried out for Him with complete sincerity. Do not say ‘I have done this action for Allah Ta’ala and for the purpose of (pleasing) my kith and kin, for in that case the action will be for pleasing one’s kith and kin and (on account of there not being sincerity in the action), there will be no portion for Allah Ta’ala in it. Do not say, ‘This is for the pleasure of Allah Ta’ala and to acquire your pleasure (i.e. people’s pleasure), for in that case the action will be to gain the pleasure of the people and (on account of there not being sincerity in the action), there will be no portion for Allah Ta’ala in it.