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Sunnats and Aadaab of Eating

Sunnats and Aadaab of Eating – Part 10

This entry is part 10 of 10 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Eating

fruit1. When eating, one should eat from the sides of the plate and not the middle, as the blessings descends in the middle of the plate.

عن عبد الله بن بسر رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم أتي بقصعة . فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم :كلوا من جوانبها . ودعوا ذروتها يبارك فيها (ابن ماجة رقم  3275)

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Busr (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that on one occasion a plate was brought to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) then advised the Sahaabah: “Eat from the sides and not the middle, Allah Ta’ala will place barkat in the food.

عن ابن عباس : أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال البركة تنزل وسط الطعام فكلوا من حافتيه ولا تأكلوا من وسطه (ترمذي رقم 1805)

Hadhrat ibn Abbaas (Radhiallahu Anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: Barkat descends in the middle of the food, therefore eat from the sides and do not eat from the middle.

2.       Do not eat or drink from gold or silver utensils.

وعن أم سلمة أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : الذي يشرب في آنية الفضة إنما يجرجر في بطنه نار جهنم . وزاد في حديث علي بن مسهر عن عبيد الله أن الذي يأكل أو يشرب في آنية الفضة والذهب . (مسلم رقم 2065)

Hadhrat Umme Salamah (Radhiyallahu Anha) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “The one who consumes from a gold or silver utensil is in reality taking down into his stomach the fire of Jahannum."

3.       When eating together, if there is a need for one to get up and leave early, then he should seek permission or inform his companions. [1]


[1] إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِاللَّـهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَإِذَا كَانُوا مَعَهُ عَلَىٰ أَمْرٍ جَامِعٍ لَّمْ يَذْهَبُوا حَتَّىٰ يَسْتَأْذِنُوهُ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَأْذِنُونَكَ أُولَـٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّـهِ وَرَسُولِهِ فَإِذَا اسْتَأْذَنُوكَ لِبَعْضِ شَأْنِهِمْ فَأْذَن لِّمَن شِئْتَ مِنْهُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمُ اللَّـهَ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ ﴿النور: ٦٢﴾

Sunnats and Aadaab of Eating – Part 9

This entry is part 9 of 10 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Eating

fruit1.  After eating, one should lick his fingers.

عن ابن عباس أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : إذا أكل أحدكم طعاما فلا يمسح يده حتى يلعقها أو يلعقها (ابن ماجة رقم  3269)

Hadhrat ibn Abbaas (Radhiallahu Anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “When any of you eat any food, then he should not wipe his hands until he does not lick his fingers, or gets someone to lick it for him (e.g. his wife etc. if they do not mind).

عن أبي هريرة قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم إذا أكل أحدكم فليلعق أصابعه فإنه لا يدري في أيتهن البركة (ترمذي رقم 1801)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “When any of you eat any food, then he should lick his fingers, as he does not know which morsel of food contains the special blessings of Allah Ta’ala

2.      One should not over eat. Rather one should maintain moderation in one’s eating habits.

عن المقدام بن معديكرب قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول : ( ما ملأ آدمي وعاء شرا من بطن . حسب الآدمي لقيمات يقمن صلبه . فإن غلبت الآدمي نفسه فثلث للطعام وثلث للشراب وثلث للنفس (ابن ماجة رقم  3349)

Hadhrat Miqdaam (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “A person cannot fill any utensil which is worse than his stomach. A few morsels of food that allow the back to remain straight (and continue fulfilling the worship of Allah Ta’ala) is sufficient for a person. However if a person’s desire to consume food overpowers him , then one third should be for food, one third for drink and one third for air.

Note: The stomach has been referred to as the worst utensil as other utensils are meant for filling food, whereas the stomach is not meant to serve as a drum, instead one should suffice on that amount which will assist him to carry out the worship of Allah Ta’ala.

3.       Eating together is better than eating individually if one is able to.

عن وحشي رضي الله عنه أنهم قالوا يا رسول الله إنا نأكل ولا نشبع . قال  : فلعلكم تأكلون متفرقين ؟ قالوا نعم. قال  فاجتمعوا على طعامكم واذكروا اسم الله عليه يبارك لكم فيه. (ابن ماجة رقم  3286)

Hadhrat Wahshi (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that the Sahaabah once complained to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam): “O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), we eat but do not feel satisfied.” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) asked: “Perhaps you are eating individually?” The Sahaabah replied in the affirmative. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) advised them saying: “Eat together and take the name of Allah Ta’ala, Allah Ta’ala will place barkat in your food.

Sunnats and Aadaab of Eating – Part 8

This entry is part 8 of 10 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Eating

fruit1. Whilst eating, one should not remain completely silent. [1]

2. One should eat with three fingers if possible. (i.e. the thumb, index finger and middle finger).

عن كعب بن مالك أن النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يأكل بثلاث أصابع ولا يمسح يده حتى يلعقها (ابو داود 3850)

Hadhrat Ka’b bin Maalik (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) used to eat with three fingers, and he would not wipe his hands until he licked his fingers.

3.  One should not eat very hot food.

وعن أسماء بنت أبي بكر : أنها كانت إذا أتيت بثريد أمرت به فغطي حتى تذهب فورة دخانه وتقول : إني سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول : " هو أعظم للبركة " . )الدارمي رقم 2047)

Hadhrat Asmaa bint Abi Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhuma) relates that whenever she was given any thareed (a type of dish), she would instruct that it be covered until the food cooled down, and she would say: “I heard Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) saying that it (consuming food that is not extremely hot) is a greater source of blessings.”


[1] ويكره السكوت حالة الأكل لأنه تشبه بالمجوس ويتكلم بالمعروف (شامي 6/340)

Sunnats and Aadaab of Eating – Part 7

This entry is part 7 of 10 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Eating

fruit1.  First remove the food before getting up and leaving. When removing the dastarkhaan, the following duaa should be read:

اَلحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ حَمْدًا كَثِيرًا طَيِّبًا مُبَارَكًا فِيهِ غَيرَ مَكْفِيٍّ وَلَا مُوَدَّعٍ وَلَا مُسْتَغْنًى عَنهُ رَبَّنَا

All praise is due to Allah Ta’ala. Such praises that are plentiful, pure and full of blessings. O our Rabb, (we are not lifting up this food from the dastarkhaan and praising You) considering our praises to be sufficient or the last time we are praising You (as we will be in need of this bounty (i.e. food and drink) after a short interval, or considering ourselves not in need of thanking and praising You. 

عن أبي أمامة الباهلي عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم أنه كان يقول إذا رفع طعامه أو ما بين يديه قال: الحمد لله حمدا كثيرا طيبا مباركا غير مكفي ولا مودع ولا مستغنى عنه . ربنا. (ابن ماجة رقم  3284)

Hadhrat Abu Umaamah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would recite the following when the food or whatever was before him was being removed:

اَلحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ حَمْدًا كَثِيرًا طَيِّبًا مُبَارَكًا فِيهِ غَيرَ مَكْفِيٍّ وَلَا مُوَدَّعٍ وَلَا مُسْتَغْنًى عَنهُ رَبَّنَا

All praise is due to Allah Ta’ala. Such praises that are plentiful, pure and full of blessings. O our Rabb, (we are not lifting up this food from the dastarkhaan) and praising You considering our praises to be sufficient or the last time we are praising You (as we will be in need of this bounty (i.e. food and drink) after a short interval, or considering ourselves not in need of thanking and praising You. 

 

2.  After meals, wash both the hands and gargle the mouth.

عن سلمان رضي الله عنه قال : قرأت في التوراة أن بركة الطعام الوضوء بعده فذكرت ذلك للنبي صلى الله عليه سولم فأخبرته بما قرأت في التوراة فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم بركة الطعام الوضوء قبله والوضوء بعده (ترمذي رقم 1846)

Hadhrat Salmaan Farsi (Radhiallahu Anhu) narrates: “I read in the Taurah that the blessings of food lie in washing the hands after meals. I mentioned this to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “The blessings of food lies in washing the hands before eating and after eating.

Sunnats and Aadaab of Eating – Part 6

This entry is part 6 of 10 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Eating

fruit1. One should recite the following duaa after eating:

اَلحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَنَا وَسَقَانَا وَجَعَلَنَا مُسْلِمِينَ

All praise is due to Allah Ta’ala who gave us food and drink and made us Muslims.

اَلحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَنِي هَذَا الطَّعَامَ وَرَزَقَنِيهِ مِن غَيرِ حَولٍ مِّنِّي وَلَا قُوَّة

All praise is due to Allah Ta’ala who gave me this food to eat, and He provided me with it without any effort or striving from my side.

 

عن أبي سعيد قال كان النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم إذا أكل طعاما قال : الحمد لله أطعمنا وسقانا وجعلنا مسلمين . (ابن ماجة رقم  3283)

Hadhrat Abu Sa’eed (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that whenever Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would complete his meals he would recite: 

اَلحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَنَا وَسَقَانَا وَجَعَلَنَا مُسْلِمِينَ

All praise is due to Allah Ta’ala who gave us food and drink and made us Muslims.

 

عن سهل بن معاذ بن أنس الجهني عن أبيه عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال: من أكل طعاما فقال الحمد لله الذي أطعمني هذا ورزقنيه من غير حول منى ولا قوة غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه (ابن ماجة رقم  3285)

Hadhrat Muaadh bin Anas (Radhiallahu Anhu) relates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “The one who eats his meal and thereafter recites the following duaa, Allah Ta’ala will forgive all his past (minor) sins.

اَلحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَنِي هَذَا الطَّعَامَ وَرَزَقَنِيهِ مِن غَيرِ حَولٍ مِّنِّي وَلَا قُوَّة

All praise is due to Allah Ta’ala who gave me this food to eat, and He provided me with it without any effort or striving from my side.

عن أنس بن مالك : أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال إن الله ليرضى عن العبد أن يأكل الأكلة أو يشرب الشربة فيحمده عليها (ترمذي رقم 1816)

Hadhrat Anas (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Certainly Allah Ta’ala is pleased with that servant who eats a morsel of food, or drinks a sip of water, and praises Allah Ta’ala for it.