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Sunnats and Aadaab of Safar (Travelling)

Sunnats and Aadaab of Safar (Travelling) – Part 11

This entry is part 11 of 11 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Safar (Travelling)

transport1. Do not mess the toilet area, thus inconveniencing others.

2. When ascending any place, one should recite Takbeer (الله اكبر) , and when descending one should recite Tasbeeh   (سبحان الله).

قال جابر رضي الله عنهما : كنا إذا صعدنا كبرنا , وإذا نزلنا سبحنا (بخاري رقم 2993)

Hadhrat Jaabir (Radhiallahu Anhuma) reports that the Sahaabah (Radhiallahu Anhum) would recite takbeer while ascending, and recite tasbeeh while descending.

3.  When ascending any high place, one should recite the following Duaa:

اَلَّلهُمَّ لَكَ الشَرَفُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَرَفٍ وَلَكَ الحَمْدُ عَلَى كُلِّ حَال

عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا علا نشزا من الأرض قال اللهم لك الشرف على كل شرف ولك الحمد على كل حال (مسند أحمد رقم 13504)

Hadhrat Anas (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that whenever Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would ascend onto a high ground, he would recite the following duaa:

اَلَّلهُمَّ لَكَ الشَرَفُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَرَفٍ وَلَكَ الحَمْدُ عَلَى كُلِّ حَال

4. Be punctual with all your salaah whilst on your journey.

5. Do not lengthen your rakaats on the plane, thereby causing inconvenience to others who are waiting to perform salaah.

6. If you are returning after a long time, do not return unexpectedly without informing the household of the time of arrival.

7. If you are returning late at night then inform the house people of the approximate time of arrival.

عن جابر بن عبد الله قال  نهى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا أطال الرجل الغيبة أن يأتي أهله طروقا  (مسلم رقم 183)

Hadhrat Jaabir (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) prevented one returning from a journey after a long time to make a sudden appearance at night (without informing the family members in advance).

8. Do not accept food or other items from strangers.

9. When travelling in a group, appoint one person as the ameer.

عن أبى سعيد الخدرى رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال إذا خرج ثلاثة فى سفر فليؤمروا أحدهم (ابو داود رقم 2610)

Hadhrat Abu Sa’eed Khudri (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “When three people come out on a journey, then they should appoint one of them as the ameer of the journey."

10. If the group has stopped over for some time during the journey then if you have to go for some need or to relieve yourself, then inform your companions before you leave.

11. During one’s journey one should make abundant duaa as the duaa of a traveller is accepted.

 عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم ثلاث دعوات مستجابات لا شك فيهن دعوة المظلوم ودعوة المسافر ودعوة الوالد على ولده (الترمذي رقم 1905)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “The Duaa of three people are certainly accepted without any doubt. The duaa of an oppressed person, the duaa of a traveller, and the duaa of a father on behalf of his child.”

12.  It is not permissible for a woman to travel the safr distance without a mahram.

عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم  لا يحل لامرأة تؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر أن تسافر سفرا يكون ثلاثة أيام فصاعدا إلا ومعها أبوها أو ابنها أو زوجها أو أخوها أو ذو محرم منها (مسلم رقم 1340)

Hadhrat Abu Sa’eed Khudri (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “It is not permissible for a woman believing in Allah Ta’ala and the last day to travel a distance of three days or more (i.e. 77km or more) except if she is accompanied by her father, or her son, or her husband, or her brother, or a mahram relative of hers.
 

13.   Upon returning home, one should proceed to the Musjid first and perform two rakaat of salaah therein.

عن كعب بن مالك رضي الله عنه قال كان (رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم) إذا قدم من سفر بدأ بالمسجد فركع فيه ركعتين (بخاري رقم 4418)

Hadhrat Ka’b bin Maalik (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that whenever Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would return from a journey, he would first proceed to the Musjid and perform two rakaat of salaah.  

14. Upon returning from your journey, recite the following duaa when reaching your destination:

آئبون تائبون عابدون لربنا حامدون

We return (from the journey) and we repent to Allah Ta’ala (for our shortcomings and mistakes), and we engage in the worship of our Lord, and we praise Him.

 عن البراء بن عازب رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم كان إذا قدم من سفر قال آيبون تائبون عابدون لربنا حامدون (ترمذي رقم 3440)

Hadhrat Baraa’ bin Aazib (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that whenever Rasululullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would return from a journey, he would recite the following duaa:

آئبون تائبون عابدون لربنا حامدون

 

Sunnats and Aadaab of Safar (Travelling) – Part 10

This entry is part 10 of 11 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Safar (Travelling)

transport1.  When entering the town or city, one should one should recite the following Duaa thrice:

اللهم بارك لنا فيه

O Allah, grant us barakah in this place

Thereafter, one should recite the following Duaa:

اَللَّهُمَّ ارْزُقنَا جَنَاهَا وَحَبِّبنَا إِلَى أَهلِهَا وَحَبِّبْ صَالِحِى اَهلِهَا إِلَينَا

 O Allah, give us of its produce and make us beloved to its people and make the pious of its people beloved to us.

عن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما قال كنا نسافر مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فإذا رأى القرية يريد ان يدخلها قال اللهم بارك لنا فيها ثلاث مرات اللهم ارزقنا جناها وحببنا إلى أهلها وحبب صالحى اهلها إلينا (المعجم الأوسط للطبراني رقم 4755)

Hadhrat ibn Umar (Radhiallahu Anhuma) reports that the Sahaabah would travel with Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). When Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) saw a town which he intended entering, he would recite the above-mentioned duaa.

 

  • One should also recite the following Duaa:

اَعُوذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللهِ التَّامَّاتِ مِن شَرِّ مَا خَلَق

 I seek protection through the perfect and beneficial words of Allah Ta’ala (i.e. His names and attributes) from the evil (harm) of His creation.

عن خولة بنت حكيم السلمية أنها سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول إذا نزل أحدكم منزلا فليقل أعوذ بكلمات الله التامات من شر ما خلق فإنه لا يضره شيء حتى يرتحل منه (مسلم رقم 2708)

Hadhrat Khaula (Radhiallahu Anha) reports that she had heard Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) say: “If anyone of you halts at any place, and he recites the following duaa, then no harm will come to him from the time he halts till the time he departs.

اَعُوذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللهِ التَّامَّاتِ مِن شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ

2.  When one fears an attack (by an enemy) or fears for one safety, one should recite Surah Quraish. [1]


[1]  قال القاضي ثناء الله: عن ابي الحسن القزويني موقوفا ان خاف من عدو او غيره فقراءة لايلاف قريش امان عن كل سوء ذكره الجزري في الحصن الحصين و قال مجرب. قلت و قد امرني شيخي و امامي قدس الله سره السامي بقراءته في المخاوف لدفع كل سوء و بلاء و قال مجرب. قلت و قد جربته كثيرا. (التفسير المظهري 10/348) 

Sunnats and Aadaab of Safar (Travelling) – Part 9

This entry is part 9 of 11 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Safar (Travelling)

transport1.  One should adopt a gentle approach when dealing with one’s companions and engage in light-hearted discussions while on the journey. One should not adopt a serious approach.

2.  Do not undertake a journey unnecessarily. If one has a need then one should undertake the journey, and upon completing one’s need one should hasten to return home.

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال السفر قطعة من العذاب يمنع أحدكم طعامه وشرابه ونومه فإذا قضى نهمته فليعجل إلى أهله (بخاري رقم 1804)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Travelling (i.e. its difficulty is like) a portion of the difficulty of the punishment of Jahannum which prevents one from his food, drink and sleep. Thus, when one completes his work he should hasten back to his family.

3.  When travelling, one should guard his gaze and as far as possible, try to avoid sitting next to females. One should avoid speaking to the air-hostesses or any na-mahram.   

 قُل لِلمُؤمِنينَ يَغُضّوا مِن أَبصـٰرِهِم وَيَحفَظوا فُروجَهُم ذٰلِكَ أَزكىٰ لَهُم إِنَّ اللَّـهَ خَبيرٌ بِما يَصنَعونَ (سورة النور)

Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their chastity, that will be more pure for them: And Allah Ta’ala is fully aware of all that they do.

عن معقل بن يسار رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم لأن يطعن في رأس أحدكم بمخيط من حديد خير له من أن يمس امرأة لا تحل له رواه الطبراني والبيهقي ورجال الطبراني ثقات رجال الصحيح (الترغبي و الترهيب رقم 2938)

Hadhrat Ma’qal bin Yasaar (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “It is better for you that your head be pierced with an iron needle than touching a woman that is impermissible for you.”

4.  Carry a lota (jug) and water for the toilet and wudhu.

5.  Instead of engaging in vain talk or listening to a nazm etc. occupy yourself in zikr and tilaawat of the Qur’aan Shareef.

6.  During the journey, if you are the driver, then ensure that you drive safely. Do not be reckless in your driving.

7.  Keep necessary personal information on yourself, or whatever documents one may require on his journey. (e.g. passport, I.D. etc.)

8.  First find out the route before embarking on the journey.

9.  Keep others comfortable and be of service to them during the journey.

Sunnats and Aadaab of Safar (Travelling) – Part 8

This entry is part 8 of 11 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Safar (Travelling)

transport1. One should not inconvenience any of his companions in any way during the journey.

المسلم من سلم المسلمون من لسانه و يده  (و في رواية لاحمد: من سلم الناس)  (البخاري رقم 6484)

A perfect Muslim is he who does not inconvenience any person through his tongue or his hand.

2. One should not discuss controversial topics or enter into arguments etc with one’s companions during the journey. 

3. If during the journey any unpleasant or unforeseen circumstance comes about, then one should exercise patience and not lose oneself, thereby causing pain and inconvenience to others.

Sunnats and Aadaab of Safar (Travelling) – Part 7

This entry is part 7 of 11 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Safar (Travelling)

transport1. If you are leaving behind your dependants e.g. wife and children etc. then ensure that sufficient arrangements are made for their needs and requirements before leaving.  [1]  

2. While on journey, ensure that you remain in pious company. Remaining in pious company will motivate one towards righteousness.

عن علقمة قال قدمت الشأم فصليت ركعتين ثم قلت اللهم يسر لي جليسا صالحا فأتيت قوما فجلست إليهم فإذا شيخ قد جاء حتى جلس إلى جنبي قلت من هذا قالوا أبو الدرداء فقلت إني دعوت الله أن ييسر لي جليسا صالحا فيسرك لي (البخاري رقم 3287)

Hadhrat Alqamah (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) says: “I proceeded to Syria (on a journey) and I performed two rakaat salaah. I then made Duaa “O Allah, allow me to sit in the company of a pious person.” I then found a group of people and sat by them. After a while, an elderly man entered and sat by my side. I enquired who this person was, and the people told me that this was Hadhrat Abu Dardaa (Radhiallahu Anhu), (the Sahaabi of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)). I then told him, “I made Duaa to Allah Ta’ala to grant me a pious companion, and (Allah Ta’ala answered my Duaa) by allowing me to sit in your company.”

3.  If one is travelling in a group, then one should be polite and respectful in his conduct and if one has sufficient amount of provisions, then one should share his meals and other provisions with his companions.

عن أبي سعيد رضي الله تعالى عنه قال بينما نحن في سفر مع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إذ جاء رجل على راحلة له قال فجعل يصرف بصره يمينا وشمالا فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من كان معه فضل ظهر فليعد به على من لا ظهر له ومن كان له فضل من زاد فليعد به على من لا زاد له قال فذكر من أصناف المال ما ذكر حتى رأينا أنه لا حق لأحد منا في فضل (مسلم رقم 1728)

Hadhrat Abu Sa’eed (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that on one occasion they were on a journey with Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Suddenly a person riding on a conveyance had come before Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). The person was in difficulty and hardship and was looking towards the right and the left in order to see if anyone could assist him in fulfilling his needs. On that occasion Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) exhorted the Sahaabah saying: “Whoever has an extra conveyance should assist the one who does not have any conveyance. The one who has extra provisions with him should assist those who do not have. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) continued mentioning the different types of wealth (which a person should spend in sadaqah). Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) encouraged and exhorted the Sahaabah to spend to such an extent that we felt deeply within our hearts that the one who possesses anything more than his needs, he does not have a right to hold back anything (except that he should share it with those who do not have).


[1] (فرض)…(مرة)…(على الفور)… ( على مسلم )… ( حر مكلف ) عالم بفرضيته … ( صحيح ) البدن ( بصير ) غير محبوس وخائف من سلطان يمنع منه ( ذي زاد ) يصح به بدنه فالمعتاد اللحم ونحوه إذا قدر على خبز وجبن لا يعد قادرا ( وراحلة) … ( فضلا عما لا بد منه ) … ( و ) فضلا عن ( نفقة عياله ) ممن تلزمه نفقته لتقدم حق العبد ( إلى ) حين ( عوده ) وقيل بعده بيوم وقيل بشهر ( مع أمن الطريق ) بغلبة السلامة ولو بالرشوة ( الدر المختار 2/455-465)