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Sunnats and Aadaab of Miswaak

Virtues of Using the Miswaak

This entry is part 5 of 5 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Miswaak

miswaakعن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم تفضل الصلوة التى يستاك لها على الصلوة التى لا يستاك لها سبعين ضعفا. (أحمد،حاكم) (تلخيص 99)

Hadhrat Aaisha (Radiallahu Anha) reports that Nabi (Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: The salaah performed with miswaak is seventy times greater than the salaah performed without miswaak.

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم السواك مطهرة للفم مرضاة للرب (بخاري تعليقا 1/259)

Hadhrat Aaisha (Radiallahu Anha) reports that Nabi (Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: Miswaak is a means of purifying the mouth, and a means of earning the pleasure of Allah Ta’aala.

عن أبي أيوب رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم أربع من سنن المرسلين الحياء والتعطر والسواك والنكاح (الترمذي 1/206)

Hadhrat Abu Ayyub Ansaari (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Four actions are from the Sunnats of all the Ambiyaa, Hayaa (modesty), Applying Itr, Using the Miswaak, and nikah (getting married).

Occasions when the Miswaak should be used – Part 2

This entry is part 4 of 5 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Miswaak

miswaak1. To remove a bad smell from the mouth.

عن جعفر بن ابي طالب رضى الله عنه ان ناسا من اصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم دخلوا عليه فقال مالى اراكم قلحا استاكوا فلولا ان اشق على امتى لامرتهم بالسواك عند كل صلاة (كتاب الآثار ص 9)

It Is reported from Hadhrat Jafar (radhiallahu anhu) that on one occasion certain Sahaabah had come to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) (on seeing the colour of their teeth being yellow) addressed them saying: “What is the matter that I notice that the colour of your teeth is yellow. I advise you to cleanse your teeth with miswaak. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) then said: Had it not been for the fear of my ummah falling into difficulty (due to not being able to uphold the obligation of miswaak), I would have certainly commanded them to make miswaak at the time of every salaah (i.e. at the time one makes wudhu to perform salaah.)

2. Before and after eating.

عن أبي هريرة  رضي الله عنه ان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال إن كان قاله : لولا ان أشق على أمتي لأمرتهم بالسواك مع الوضوء وقال أبو هريرة لقد كنت أستن قبل أن أنام وبعد ما استيقظ وقبل ما آكل وبعد ما آكل حين سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول ما قال (أحمد 9183)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: Had it not been for the fear of my ummah falling into difficulty (due to not being able to uphold the obligation of miswaak), I would have certainly commanded them to make miswaak at the time of every wudhu. Abu Hurayrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) further says: “On account of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) emphasising the use of the miswaak, I made it a habit of using the miswaak before going to sleep, upon awakening, before eating and after eating.” 

3. At the time one is about to pass away (sakaraatul maut).

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت دخل عبد الرحمن بن أبي بكر ومعه سواك يستن به فنظر إليه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقلت له أعطني هذا السواك  يا عبد الرحمن فأعطانيه فقصمته(و في رواية و طيبته) ثم مضغته فأعطيته رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فاستن به وهو مستند إلى صدري   (بخاري 2/640)

It is reported from Hadhrat Aaisha (Radhiallahu Anha)that at the time Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was about to pass away, my brother Abdur Rahmaan entered the room. He had a miswaak with him, which he was using to clean his teeth. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)’s mubaarak sigh fell on the miswaak (but due to weakness he was unable to ask for it). Hadhrat Aaisha (Radhiallahu Anha) says that I understood that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) wished to make miswaak at this time, so I said to my brother, O Abdur Rahmaan, lend me your miswaak. I took it from him, broke off the top part, (cleansed it, softened it,) and then gave it to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) then made miswaak with it, whilst he was reclining on my chest.  

Occasions when the Miswaak should be used – Part 1

This entry is part 3 of 5 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Miswaak

miswaak1.Upon awakening.

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها  أن النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم كان لا يرقد من ليل ولا نهار فيستيقظ إلا تسوك قبل أن يتوضأ. )ابو داود)

Hadhrat Aaisha (Radiallahu Anha) reports that whenever Nabi (Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam) awoke, he would make miswaak before performing wudhu.

N.B. The use of the miswaak upon awakening is a separate sunnat and making miswaak at the time of wudhu is a separate sunnat. Hence if one who does not intend performing salaah or a menstruating woman awakens, they should make miswaak. However, if one upon awakening makes wudhu, the miswaak done during the wudhu will suffice on behalf of both sunnats.  [1]

2. When entering one’s home.

عن عائشة أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا دخل بيته بدأ بالسواك (مسلم باب السواك)

Hadhrat Aaisha (Radiallahu Anha) reports that whenever Nabi (Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam) used to enter his home, he would make miswaak.

3. For the recitation of Qur’an. [2]

عن علي بن أبي طالب رضي الله عنه قال إن أفواهكم طرق للقرآن  فطيبوها بالسواك (إبن ماجة  1/25)

Indeed your mouths are used to recite the Qur’aan Majeed, hence keep your mouths clean through making miswaak.

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Sunnats and Aadaab of miswaak – Part 2

This entry is part 2 of 5 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Miswaak

miswaak1. In the absence of a miswaak, one may use his finger as a substitute.[1]

عن أنس رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يجزئ من السواك الأصابع (تلخيص الحبير 1/104)

Hadhrat Anas (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “The finger can be used as a substitute in the absence of a miswaak.”

2.  The miswaak should not be longer than a hand-span, and in thickness it should not be less than the breadth of a finger.[2]

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Sunnats and Aadaab of miswaak – Part 1

This entry is part 1 of 5 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Miswaak

1. Make miswaak at the time of wudhu. [1]

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلّى اللّه عليه وسلّم لولا أن أشق على أمّتِي لأَمرتهم بالسواك عند كل وضوء. (بخاري تعليقا 1/259)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: Had it not been for the fear of my ummah falling into difficulty (due to not being able to uphold the obligation of miswaak), I would have certainly commanded them to make miswaak at the time of every wudhu.

2. The method of holding the miswaak is that one will place his thumb and small finger under the miswaak, and the remainder fingers will be on the upper-side. [2]

3. One should make miswaak of the teeth horizontally and of the tongue vertically.[3]

عن أبي موسى رضي الله عنه  قال دخلت على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وهو يستاك وهو واضع طرف السواك على لسانه يستن إلى فوق فوصف حماد كأنه يرفع سواكه قال حماد ووصفه لنا غيلان قال كان يستن طولا. (مسند أحمد رقم 19737 )

Hadhrat Abu Musa (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that I once came to Raasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi Wasallam) at the time he was making miswaak, and I found him making miswaak of his tongue vertically.

عن عطاء بن أبى رباح رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا شربتم فاشربوا مصا وإذا استكتم فاستاكوا عرضا (تلخيص الحبير 1/96)

Hadhrat Ataa ibn Abi Rabaah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “When you drink, then drink in sips (i.e. avoid gulping it down), and when you make miswaak, then make miswaak (of the teeth) horizontally.

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