A few differences in the Salaah of Women
Every aspect of the religion of Islam relating to women revolves around modesty and shame. It is in this regard that Islam commands women to remain within the confines of their homes, being totally concealed from the gazes of strange men and not to leave their homes without a valid Shar’ee need. The manner in which a woman is commanded to perform her Salaah — commencing from her attire for salaah to her postures during Salaah — all clearly point towards the aspect of concealment. Hence, let alone the various other ibaadaat of Deen, the Salaah of a woman alone illustrates the great degree of modesty and shame a woman is required to display. Hence she is commanded to adopt the very same degree of modesty and shame in other departments of her Deeni and worldly life which she displays in her Salaah.
The four Mazhabs
From the era of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), Sahaaba, Tabi’een and the centuries that followed, women were commanded to perform Salaah in a manner that varied from the Salaah of men in certain aspects. The four mazhabs (viz. Hanafi, Maaliki, Shaafi’ee and Hambali mazhab) are all unanimous upon the fact that the Salaah of women differs from the Salaah of men in certain aspects. Below are a few glaring differences in the Salaah of women compared to the Salaah of men proven from authentic Ahaadith.