It is the divine system of Allah Ta’ala that He has afforded special virtue and significance to some things over others. From mankind, the Ambiyaa (Alayhimus Salaam) have been blessed with distinguished positions and an elevated status over others. From the different places in the world, the Haramain Shareefain (Makkah Mukarramah and Madinah Munawwarah) and Musjidul Aqsa have been accorded a special rank over the rest of the world. From the twelve months of the Islamic calendar, special sanctity and sacredness has been given to four specific months, i.e. Zul-Qa’dah, Zul-Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab. Likewise, amongst the days of the Islamic year, the day of Aashura has been blessed with exclusive virtues and immense blessings.
While the month of Zul-Hijjah has been divinely selected for the fulfilment of the rituals of Haj and sacrifice, the month of Muharram is the month that enjoys the honour of being the month of Allah Ta’ala and the month which contains the fast of the Mubaarak day of Aashura. The immense virtues and abundant blessings of this day could be somewhat understood through the desire and eagerness that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) expressed in awaiting its arrival.
عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال ما رأيت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يتحرى صيام يوم فضله على غيره إلا هذا اليوم يوم عاشوراء
Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbaas (Radiyallahu Anhuma) reports: “I did not see Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) anxiously await the fast of any virtuous day more than the day of Aashura.” (Saheeh Bukhaari #2006)
عن أبي قتادة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم صيام يوم عاشوراء إني أحتسب على الله أن يكفر السنة التي قبله
It is reported from Hazrat Abu Qataadah (Radiyallahu Anhu) that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “On account of observing the fast of the day of Aashura, I have hope that Allah Ta’ala will expiate the sins of the past year.” (Ibnu Maajah #1738, Saheeh Muslim #1162)