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Sunnats and Aadaab of Duaa

Sunnats and Aadaab of Duaa – Part 8

This entry is part 8 of 8 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Duaa

Roses 41. Upon completion of the du’aa, one should rub the palms over the face.

عن عمر رضي الله عنه قال : كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا رفع يديه في الدعاء لم يحطهما حتى يمسح بهما وجهه. ( الترمذي رقم 3386)

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that whenever Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would raise his hands in duaa, he would not lower them until he wiped his hands over his face.”

2. Do not be hasty and impatient for the acceptance and materialising of your du`aa.

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال: لا يزال يستجاب للعبد ما لم يدع بإثم أو قطيعة رحم ما لم يستعجل. قيل: يا رسول الله ما الاستعجال؟ قال: يقول: قد دعوت وقد دعوت، فلم أر يستجيب لي، فيستحسر عند ذلك ويدع الدعاء (مسلم رقم 2735)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “A person’s duaa will continuously be accepted as long as he does not ask for something sinful or for the cutting of family ties, and as long as he is not hasty (in his duaa).” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was asked: “How is a person hasty (in his duaa)?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “A person says, ‘I have made duaa and I have made duaa, yet I do not see my duaa being answered.’ He then gets tired and leaves out duaa.”

Sunnats and Aadaab of Duaa – Part 7

This entry is part 7 of 8 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Duaa

Roses 41. At the completion of the du`aa, one should say Aameen.

عن أبي مصبح المقرائى قال كنا نجلس إلى أبى زهير النميرى  وكان من الصحابة  فيتحدث أحسن الحديث فإذا دعا الرجل منا بدعاء قال اختمه بآمين فإن آمين مثل الطابع على الصحيفة. قال أبو زهير أخبركم عن ذلك خرجنا مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ذات ليلة فأتينا على رجل قد ألح فى المسألة فوقف النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم يستمع منه فقال النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم  أوجب إن ختم. فقال رجل من القوم بأى شىء يختم قال « بآمين فإنه إن ختم بآمين فقد أوجب ». فانصرف الرجل الذى سأل النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم فأتى الرجل فقال اختم يا فلان بآمين وأبشر (ابو داود رقم 939)

Abu Musabbih Al-Maqraaiy relates: “On one occasion we were seated by Hadhrat Abu Zuhayr An-Numayri (Radhiyallahu Anhu), who was from amongst the Sahaabah (Radhiyallahu Anhum). He was most eloquent in speech. When anyone amongst us used to engage in duaa, he would say, ‘seal the duaa with Aameen, for Aameen is like a stamp on the paper.’ He then said further, ‘should I not inform you regarding this? One night we came out with Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and came across a person who was fervently engaged in duaa. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) stopped to listen to him and said: “If he seals his duaa, he will make Jannah binding for him.” One of the people asked, “How should he seal it (his duaa)?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied, “He should seal it with Ameen, if he seals it with Aameen, he has made Jannah binding for him.” The one who had asked Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) went up to the person and said, “O so and so, seal your duaa with Aameen and accept the glad tidings (of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)).”

 

2. After one’s duaa, one should recite durood shareef at the end.

عن عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنه قال : إن الدعاء موقوف بين السماء والأرض لا يصعد منه شيء حتى تصلي على نبيك صلى الله عليه و سلم (الترمذي  رقم 486)

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) narrates, “Duaas remain suspended between the heavens and the Earth. It does not proceed towards the heavens  as long as Durood on Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has not been recited (i.e. there is no guarantee for its acceptance).

Sunnats and Aadaab of Duaa – Part 6

This entry is part 6 of 8 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Duaa

Roses 41. While making duaa, one’s heart should be turned towards Allah Ta’ala alone. One should not place one’s hope on anything besides Allah Ta’ala. One should not think that through a certain person or a certain thing my need will be fulfilled.

عن عبد الله بن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال: كنت خلف النبي صلّى الله عليه وسلّم فقال: يا غُلامُ إني أُعلِّمك كلمات: احفظ الله يحفظْكَ، احفظِ الله تجدْهُ تُجاهك، إذا سألت فاسأل الله، وإذا استعنت فاستعن بالله، واعلم أنَّ الأُمة لَوِ اجتمعت على أن ينفعوك بشيء لم ينفعوكَ إلا بشيء قد كتبه الله لك، وإن اجتمعوا على أن يضروك بشيء لم يضروك إلا بشيء قد كتبه الله عليك، رُفعتِ الأقلامُ وجفَّت الصُّحفُ. (ترمذي رقم 2516)

Hadhrat Abdullah ibn Abbaas (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that on one occasion I was seated behind Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) when he addressed me saying: “O young lad, I will teach you few important words (lessons). Safeguard (your relationship with) Allah Ta’ala, Allah Ta’ala will take care of you. Safeguard (your relationship with) Allah Ta’ala, you will find Allah Ta’ala before you (i.e. at all times Allah Ta’ala’s divine assistance will remain with you). When you ask, then ask of Allah Ta’ala. When you seek assistance, then seek assistance from Allah Ta’ala. And remember that if the entire ummah had to get together in order to benefit you with something, they cannot benefit you except to the extent that Allah Ta’ala has decreed, and if they get together to harm you in any way, they cannot harm you except to the extent that Allah Ta’ala has decreed. The pens (which were used to record taqdeer) have been lifted and the scrolls (used to record the taqdeer) have dried up. (i.e. the ink on the scrolls used for recording taqdeer have dried up. This indicates towards the taqdeer of Allah Ta’ala that has been decreed.).”  

2. Whilst making duaa, one’s heart should be fully focussed towards Allah Ta’ala. One’s heart should not be negligent and unmindful whilst making du`aa.

وعن أبي هريرة قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ادعوا الله وأنتم موقنون بالإجابة واعلموا أن الله لا يستجيب دعاء من قلب غافل لاه . (ترمذي رقم 3479)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Supplicate to Allah Ta’ala with conviction and certainty of your Duaa being answered, and remember that Allah Ta’ala does not answer the Duaa made from a heart that is unmindful and heedless.”

Sunnats and Aadaab of Duaa – Part 5

This entry is part 5 of 8 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Duaa

Roses 41. The du`aa should be short and comprehensive. e.g:

رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِى الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِى الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

O my Rabb, grant us goodness in this world and goodness in the Hereafter, and save us from the fire of Jahannum.

اللَّهُمَّ إنِّي أسَألُكَ مِنْ خَيْر مَا سَأَلَكَ مِنْهُ نَبِيُّكَ محمَّدٌ  صلى الله عليه وسلم  وأعوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا استَعَاذَ مِنْهُ نَبِيُّكَ مُحَمَّدٌ  صلى الله عليه وسلم  وأنتَ المسْتَعانُ  وَعَليْكَ البَلاَغُ ، وَلاَ حَولَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ باللهِ

O Allah, I ask You for the good of what Your messenger Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) asked You for, and I seek Your protection from the evil of what Your messenger Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) sought Your protection from. From You alone is help sought, and fulfilling and completing the need is upon You, and there is no ability (to refrain from evil) nor any power (to do good) except with the help of Allah Ta’ala.

 

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: كان رسول الله  صلى الله عليه وسلم يستحب الجوامع من الدعاء، ويدع ما سوى ذلك. (أبو داود رقم 1484)

Hadhrat Aaisha (Radhiyallahu Anha) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would prefer those duaas that were short and comprehensive, and he used to leave out the other duaas.

عن عبد العزيز بن صهيب قال سأل قتادة أنسا أى دعوة كان يدعو بها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أكثر قال كان أكثر دعوة يدعو بها  اللهم ربنا آتنا فى الدنيا حسنة وفى الآخرة حسنة وقنا عذاب النار. وزاد زياد وكان أنس إذا أراد أن يدعو بدعوة دعا بها وإذا أراد أن يدعو بدعاء دعا بها فيها. (أبو داود رقم 1521)

Hadhrat Abdul Azeez bin Suhayb (Rahimahullah) relates that Hadhrat Qataadah (Rahimahullah) asked Hadhrat Anas (Radhiyallahu Anhu): “Which Duaa Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) used to make the most?” Hadhrat Anas (Radhiyallahu Anhu) replied: “The Duaa he used to make the most was:

اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِى الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِى الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

(After seeing Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) make this duaa) It was the habit of Hadhrat Anas (Radhiyallahu Anhu) that when he intended making a duaa he used to make this duaa, and if he intended making any other duaa, then he would include this duaa in his supplication.

 

وعن أبي أمامة  رضي الله عنه  قال: دعا رسول الله  صلى الله عليه وسلم  بدعاء كثير لم نحفظ منه شيئا ؛ قلنا : يا رسول الله ، دعوت بدعاء كثير لم نحفظ منه شيئا ، فقال :ألا أدلكم على ما يجمع ذلك كله ؟ تقول: اللهم إني أسألك من خير ما سألك منه نبيك محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم  وأعوذ بك من شر ما استعاذ منه نبيك محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم  وأنت المستعان  وعليك البلاغ  ولا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله  .(الترمذي رقم 3521)

Hadhrat Abu Umaamah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) made many Duaas which was difficult for us to remember. Thus we said to him, “O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), you have made many duaas which is difficult for us to remember.” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Should I not show you a duaa (that is so comprehensive) that it contains in it all of the duaas that I have made? You should recite the following duaa:

اللَّهُمَّ إنِّي أسَألُكَ مِنْ خَيْر مَا سَأَلَكَ مِنْهُ نَبِيُّكَ محمَّدٌ  صلى الله عليه وسلم  وأعوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا استَعَاذَ مِنْهُ نَبِيُّكَ مُحَمَّدٌ  صلى الله عليه وسلم  وأنتَ المسْتَعانُ  وَعَليْكَ البَلاَغُ ، وَلاَ حَولَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ باللهِ

Sunnats and Aadaab of Duaa – Part 4

This entry is part 4 of 8 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Duaa

Roses 41. When making duaa one should beg Allah Ta’ala for his needs with complete hope that Allah Ta’ala will answer his duaa. One should not adopt an approach of uncertainty. One should not say: “O Allah, if you wish to fulfil my need, then You may fulfil it.” [1]

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لا يقل أحدكم اللهم اغفر لي إن شئت ارحمني إن شئت ارزقني إن شئت وليعزم مسألته إنه يفعل ما يشاء لا مكره له. (البخاري رقم 7477)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “(When making Duaa) one should not say ‘O Allah, forgive me if You wish, have mercy on me if You wish, provide me with sustenance if You wish.’ Rather he should beg of Allah Ta’ala’s mercy with confidence (that Allah Ta’ala will fulfil his needs), (One should not ask Allah Ta’ala to grant one His favour if He pleases) because Allah Ta’ala does as He pleases, none can force and compel Him (over anything).”

2. One should have complete hope in the mercy of Allah Ta’ala while making duaa. One should make duaa with conviction that the duaa will be answered.

عن أبي هريرة قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم ادعوا الله وأنتم موقنون بالإجابة واعلموا أن الله لا يستجيب دعاء من قلب غافل لاه (ترمذي رقم 3479)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Supplicate to Allah Ta’ala with conviction and certainty of your Duaa being answered, and remember that Allah Ta’ala does not answer the Duaa made from a heart that is inattentive and unmindful.”

 

[1] عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال  إذا دعا أحدكم فلا يقل اللهم اغفر لي إن شئت ولكن ليعزم المسألة وليعظم الرغبة فإن الله لا يتعاظمه شيء أعطاه (مسلم رقم 2679)