Abu Jahal was the Fir‘aun of the ummah of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). He left no stone unturned in expressing his enmity and hostility for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).
Several incidents demonstrating his hatred for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) have already been mentioned, and further such incidents will be mentioned in future as well. From the final words he uttered, as he was dying (the details of which will be discussed under the chapter dealing with the battle of Badr insha Allah), one will gain a clear gauge of the extent of his animosity for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).
Abu Jahal was originally known as Abul Hakam (which literally means ‘the father of wisdom’). However, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) changed this title to Abu Jahal (the father of ignorance). Abu Jahal would often boastfully say, “I am ‘Azeez and Kareem (the honoured and the leader).” Upon this, the following verses of the Qur’aan Majeed were revealed:
اِنَّ شَجَرَتَ الزَّقُّوۡمِ ﴿ۙ۴۳﴾ طَعَامُ الۡاَثِیۡمِ ﴿ۚ۴۴﴾ کَالۡمُہۡلِ ۚ یَغۡلِیۡ فِی الۡبُطُوۡنِ ﴿ۙ۴۵﴾ کَغَلۡیِ الۡحَمِیۡمِ ﴿۴۶﴾ خُذُوۡہُ فَاعۡتِلُوۡہُ اِلٰی سَوَآءِ الۡجَحِیۡمِ ﴿٭ۖ۴۷﴾ ثُمَّ صُبُّوۡا فَوۡقَ رَاۡسِہٖ مِنۡ عَذَابِ الۡحَمِیۡمِ ﴿ؕ۴۸﴾ ذُقۡ ۚۙ اِنَّکَ اَنۡتَ الۡعَزِیۡزُ الۡکَرِیۡمُ ﴿۴۹﴾
Indeed, the tree of Zaqqoom will be the food of the great sinner. Like boiling water, it boils within the bellies, like the boiling of scalding water. (The angels will be commanded,) “Seize him and drag him into the midst of the blazing fire. Then pour over his head the agony of boiling water. (He will be told) Taste this! You (are the one who claimed) you are the honoured, the noble”. (Surah Dukhaan v. 43-49)
(Extracted from Seeratul Mustafa 1/211-212)