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Three Qualities to seek in a Friend

وعن ابن عباس قال قيل يا رسول الله أي جلسائنا خير قال من ذكركم الله رؤيته وزاد في علمكم منطقه وذكركم بالآخرة عمله رواه أبو يعلى ورواته رواة الصحيح إلا مبارك بن حسان (الترغيب والترهيب 1/147)

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Abbaas (Radhiyallahu Anhuma) reports that on one occasion Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was asked: “Which person is the best to be taken as an associate (and friend)?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “The one who, whenever you see him, you are reminded of Allah Ta’ala; the one who, when he speaks, his speech causes your knowledge and understanding of Deen to increase; and the one whose actions creates the awareness and reminds you of the Aakhirat.”

Keeping the Company of the Ulama

عن أبي أمامة قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم إن لقمان قال لابنه يا بني عليك بمجالسة العلماء واسمع كلام الحكماء فإن الله ليحيي القلب الميت بنور الحكمة كما يحيي الأرض الميتة بوابل المطر.  رواه الطبراني في الكبير من طريق عبيد الله بن زحر عن علي بن يزيد عن القاسم وقد حسنها الترمذي لغير هذا المتن ولعله موقوف والله أعلم  (الترغيب والترهيب 1/147)

Hadhrat Abu Umaamah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Hadhrat Luqmaan (Alayhis Salaam) once advised his son saying: “O my beloved son, ensure that you always remain in the company of the Ulama and listen attentively to the speech of the wise, for certainly Allah Ta’ala enlivens the dead heart with the light of wisdom, just as he gives life to the dead earth with a downpour of rain.”

Remain in the Gatherings of Knowledge

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم إذا مررتم برياض الجنة فارتعوا قالوا يا رسول الله وما رياض الجنة قال مجالس العلم  رواه الطبراني في الكبير وفيه راو لم يسم (الترغيب والترهيب 1/146)

Hadhrat ibn Abbaas (Radhiyallahu Anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “When you pass by the gardens of Jannah, then graze (to your heart’s content).” The Sahaabah (Radhiyallahu Anhum) asked: “O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), what are the gardens of Jannah?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “The gatherings of knowledge.” 

Fabricating Lies and Attributing it to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

وعن المغيرة قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول إن كذبا علي ليس ككذب على أحد فمن كذب علي متعمدا فليتبوأ مقعده من النار رواه مسلم وغيره  (الترغيب والترهيب 1/146)

Hadhrat Mugheerah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Indeed fabricating a lie and attributing it to me (is so serious that it) is not like fabricating a lie and attributing it to anyone else. Thus the one who lies against me intentionally, then he should prepare his abode in Jahannum.” 

Knowingly Spreading Fabricated Ahaadith

وعن سمرة رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: من حدث عني بحديث يرى أنه كذب فهو أحد الكاذبين. رواه مسلم  (الترغيب والترهيب 1/145)

Hadhrat Samurah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “The one who relates a Hadith from me which he regards to be lies (a fabricated narration), then he will be regarded (by Allah Ta’ala) as one of the liars.” (i.e. just as the one who had fabricated the narration will be deserving of Jahannum, the one who narrates it knowing that it is not true will also be deserving of Jahannum.