Sunnats and Aadaab which every person needs to adhere to in his individual life – 1

There are many sunnats and aadaab that pertain to various departments of a person’s deeni and wordly life.

Some of these sunnats and aadaab relate to one’s family or one’s community or the general people, whom one interacts with (e.g. sunnats pertaining to parents, spouses, siblings, children, neighbours, guests, sunnats when travelling with one’s companions, sunnats relating to business, sunnats when entering a town, etc.).

However, there are certain sunnats and aadaab which each person should adhere to in regard to his individual self, in order to improve his relationship with Allah Ta’ala.

Through adhering to these sunnats and aadaab, one will be able to fulfil the rights he owes to Allah Ta’ala and the rights he owes to people, thereby making him a better Muslim and enabling him to acquire the goodness of Islam in his life.

Below we will mention the sunnats and aadaab which pertain to a person in his individual life.

1. One should be concerned about correcting one’s weaknesses and faults, and make a concerted effort to correct oneself.

عن شداد بن أوس، عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، قال: الكيس من دان نفسه وعمل لما بعد الموت، والعاجز من أتبع نفسه هواها وتمنى على الله قال أبو عيسى: هذا حديث حسن (سنن الترمذي، الرقم: 2459)

Hazrat Shaddaad bin Aus (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “An intelligent person is he who takes stock of himself and prepares for the life after death, and a foolish person is he who follows his whims and desires (against the laws of shariah) and places false hopes that (despite sinning), Allah Ta’ala will forgive him.”

عن عمر بن الخطاب ، أنه قال في خطبته : حاسبوا أنفسكم قبل أن تحاسبوا (المصنف لابن أبي شيبة، الرقم: 35600)

Hazrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) is reported to have said, “Take an account of your deeds in this world ( by pondering over your weaknesses and faults) before the time comes when you have to give an account (before Allah Ta’ala).”

2. One should daily make istighfaar and taubah for the sins, wrongs or mistakes that one may have committed knowingly or unknowingly.

Allah Ta’ala says:

يَأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا تُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ تَوْبَةً نَّصُوحًا (التحريم: 8)

O you who believe! Repent to Allah with a sincere repentance.

عن عبد الله بن بسر قال قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: طوبى لمن وجد في صحيفته استغفارا كثيرا (سنن ابن ماجة، الرقم: 3818)

Hazrat Abdullah bin Busr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “Glad tidings be for that person who has abundant istighfaar in his book of deeds.”

عن أبي هريرة: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: والله إني لأستغفر الله وأتوب إليه في اليوم أكثر من سبعين مرة (صحيح البخاري، الرقم: 6307)

Hazrat Abu Hurairah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports, “I heard Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) mention, ‘By Allah, I make istighfaar and taubah more than seventy times in a day.’”

Note: Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was sinless. Despite being sinless, he would make abundant istighfaar and taubah as he felt that the Ibaadat which he carried out was not in conformity to the majesty and greatness of Allah Ta’ala.

How much more is there a need for us, his ummah, to make istighfaar and taubah daily as we are not sinless and our ibaadaat is deficient and full of weaknesses.


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