Tafseer of Surah Dhuha

بِسۡمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِیۡمِ

وَالضُّحٰی ۙ﴿۱﴾ وَ الَّیۡلِ  اِذَا سَجٰی ۙ﴿۲﴾ مَا وَدَّعَکَ رَبُّکَ وَ مَا قَلٰی ؕ﴿۳﴾ وَ  لَلۡاٰخِرَۃُ  خَیۡرٌ لَّکَ مِنَ الۡاُوۡلٰی ؕ﴿۴﴾ وَ  لَسَوۡفَ یُعۡطِیۡکَ رَبُّکَ فَتَرۡضٰی ؕ﴿۵﴾ اَلَمۡ  یَجِدۡکَ یَتِیۡمًا فَاٰوٰی ۪﴿۶﴾ وَ  وَجَدَکَ ضَآلًّا فَہَدٰی ۪﴿۷﴾ وَ وَجَدَکَ عَآئِلًا فَاَغۡنٰی ؕ﴿۸﴾ فَاَمَّا  الۡیَتِیۡمَ  فَلَا تَقۡہَرۡ ؕ﴿۹﴾ وَ اَمَّا السَّآئِلَ  فَلَا تَنۡہَرۡ ﴿ؕ۱۰﴾ وَ اَمَّا بِنِعۡمَۃِ  رَبِّکَ  فَحَدِّثۡ ﴿٪۱۱﴾

By the glorious morning light, and by the night when it becomes still. Your Rabb has neither forsaken you nor is He displeased with you. And surely the hereafter is much better for you than the present (life). And soon will your Rabb bestow you with such (abundant) favours that you will be pleased. Did He not find you as an orphan, then He granted you shelter? And did He not find you unaware (and unacquainted), then He showed you the way? And did He not find you in need, then He provided you with wealth. Then as for the orphan, then do not treat him with harshness; and as for the beggar, then do not repulse him; and as for the bounties of your Rabb, then go on mentioning (them).

In the early days of Islam, while Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was in Makkah Mukarramah, he did not receive wahi from Allah Ta‘ala for a few days. Due to this, some of the kuffaar began taunting Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) saying, “Your Rabb is displeased with you, therefore He is no longer sending wahi to you.”

These types of taunts and hurtful remarks will obviously cause pain to a person. However, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) had full conviction that Allah Ta‘ala is with him and has neither forsaken him nor is He displeased with him. Nevertheless, as a consolement for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and as a lesson for his ummah, Allah Ta‘ala revealed this surah, wherein He explains that those who are devoted to the cause of Allah Ta‘ala and experience some type of difficulty, then they should never feel, for even a moment, that Allah Ta‘ala has forsaken them or that Allah Ta‘ala is displeased with them.

Hence, Allah Ta‘ala commences this surah with the following verses:

وَالضُّحٰی ۙ﴿۱﴾ وَالَّیۡلِ اِذَا سَجٰی ۙ﴿۲﴾ مَا وَدَّعَکَ رَبُّکَ وَ مَا قَلٰی ؕ﴿۳﴾

By the glorious morning light, and by the night when it becomes still. Your Rabb has neither forsaken you nor is He displeased with you.

In these aayaat, Allah Ta‘ala takes an oath by the glorious morning light and by the night when it becomes still. In this is an indication that man will go through different phases, and just as after the darkness of night comes the light of day, similarly, after a period of difficulty will come a period of ease.

Hence, when one goes through a phase of difficulty, he should not feel that Allah Ta‘ala is displeased with him or has forsaken him. Rather, one should turn to Allah Ta‘ala and remain obedient to Him at all times.

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