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Lives of the Sahaabah

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Twenty One

Demise:

There is a difference of opinion regarding the year in which Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) passed away.

After recording the different views, Haafiz ibn Hajar ‘Asqalaani (rahimahullah) has mentioned that the most famous and well known view is that Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) passed away in the year 56 A.H. (Isaabah 3/62)

Haafiz Mizzi (rahimahullah) has preferred the view that Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) passed away in the year 55 A.H. ‘Allaamah Zahabi (rahimahullah) has expressed this to be the correct view. (Tahzeeb-ul-Kamaal 10/313, Siyar A’laam min Nibalaa 3/77)

There is also a difference of opinion regarding the age of Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) at the time of his demise. Hazrat Ebrahim bin Sa’d (rahimahullah) has narrated that Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was 82 years old when he passed away. (Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa 3/78)

Some of the other views are that Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was 73, 74 or 82 years old at the time of his demise. (Tahzeeb-ul-Kamaal 10/314)

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was the last of the ‘Asharah Mubasharah to pass away. Similarly, he was the last of the Muhaajireen to pass away. (Tahzeeb-ul-Kamaal 10/314, Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa 3/77)

When Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was close to passing away, he called for an old, woolen jubbah and instructed those present saying, “Bury me in this jubbah, for I encountered the disbelievers during the Battle of Badr while I was wearing this jubbah. I only kept this jubbah so that I could be enshrouded in it when I pass away.” (Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa 3/77)

Hazrat Mus‘ab bin Sa’d (rahimahullah), the son of Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), narrates the following: My father’s head was in my lap when he was close to passing away. At that time, tears began to flow from my eyes. Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) noticed this and asked me, “O my beloved son! What causes you to cry?” I replied, “I am crying due to your condition and that which I see befalling you (i.e. I am crying because you are about to pass away).” Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “Do not cry over me, for Allah Ta‘ala will never punish me, and I am from the people of Jannah (as mentioned by Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) in his mubaarak Hadith, and I have full hope in the words of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) that Allah Ta‘ala will not punish me and will admit me into paradise). Indeed Allah Ta‘ala deals with the believers according to their good deeds which were performed for His sake. As for the disbelievers, then Allah Ta‘ala decreases their punishment on account of their good deeds. Once their good deeds are depleted, Allah Ta‘ala announces, ‘Every person who carried out a good deed should seek his reward from the one for whose sake he performed the deed.’” (Tabaqaat ibn Sa’d 3/108-109)

The daughter of Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), Hazrat ‘Aa’ishah (rahimahallah), has mentioned that Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) left 250 000 dirhams in his estate. (Taareekh-ul-Islam 4/220)

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) passed away in his home in ‘Aqeeq, a place 10 miles from Madinah Munawwarah. He was then carried to Madinah Munawwarah where the governor, Marwaan bin Hakam, performed his Janaazah Salaah. (Tabaqaat ibn Sa’d 3/110)

Source: Whatisislam.co.za

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Twenty

This entry is part 20 of 20 in the series Life of Hadhrat Sa’d bin abi Waqqaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)

The Justice and Compassion of Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)

Hazrat Jareer (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) once passed by Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) during the period when Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was governor over Kufah. Seeing Hazrat Jareer (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) asked him regarding Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). Hazrat Jareer (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) gave the following reply:

“I left him in his position of rule as the most noble of people in authority and power, and the person who is least hard-hearted. He is like a devoted mother to his subjects, working for them just as an ant works tirelessly for its colony. He is the person who is most firm against wrong and oppression, and he is among the most beloved of the Quraish to the people.”

(Isaabah 3/64)

Source: Whatisislam.co.za

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Nineteen

This entry is part 19 of 20 in the series Life of Hadhrat Sa’d bin abi Waqqaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)

Hazrat Sa‘eed bin Musayyib (rahimahullah) narrates:

A certain person was once speaking ill of Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), Hazrat Talhah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and Hazrat Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). Seeing that this person was speaking ill of the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum), Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) immediately tried to stop him saying, “Do not speak ill of my brothers!” However, the person refused to desist.

 Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) thus stood, performed two rakaats of salaah, and made du‘aa against this person who was speaking ill of the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum). Shortly thereafter, a camel arrived, pushing its way through the people. The camel seized this person and trapped him between its chest and the ground, crushing him to death.

Hazrat Sa‘eed (rahimahullah) concludes saying, “I then saw the people walking behind Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) saying, ‘Congratulations, O Abu Ishaaq! Your du‘aa was accepted (in defense of the Sahaabah)!’”

(Siyar min A’laam min Nubalaa 3/73)

Source: Whatisislam.co.za

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Eighteen

This entry is part 18 of 20 in the series Life of Hadhrat Sa’d bin abi Waqqaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)

Allah Ta‘ala had blessed Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) by allowing the conquer of ‘Iraq to take place at his hands. It was the armies under his command that defeated the Romans in Qaadisiyyah. However, Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) could not personally lead the army in this specific battle, as he was ill and sores had broken out across his entire body, and so he informed the people of his illness and excused himself from joining them in fighting against the kuffaar.

 After the battle was over, a person, despite knowing the predicament of Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), began to criticize him and tried to spur people against him through reciting the following poetry:

ألم تر أن الله أنزل نصره      وسعد بباب القادسية معصم

Do you not see that Allah Ta‘ala has sent down His assistance, while Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) is safely guarded (through not fighting) at the door of Qaadisiyyah?

فأبنا وقد آمت نساء كثيرة      ونسوة سعد ليس فيهن أيم

We are returning while many of our wives have become widows, and there is no widow among the wives of Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu).

When Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) heard the poetry in which this person was falsely accusing him of being cowardly and refraining from fighting without any excuse, he made du‘aa saying, “O Allah! Cut his tongue and hand on my behalf!”

Soon thereafter, an arrow struck his mouth, rendering him dumb, after which his hand was cut off while fighting. This person was later on killed by the disbelievers.

(Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa 3/72, Majma‘uz Zawaa’id #14856)

Source: Whatisislam.co.za

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Seventeen

This entry is part 17 of 20 in the series Life of Hadhrat Sa’d bin abi Waqqaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)

Allegations of Some People of Kufah:

In the year 21 A.H., some people of Kufah came to Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and laid complaints against Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) who was their governor. Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) thus dismissed him (from his position as governor, in order to quell the fitnah that the people were attempting to create), and appointed Hazrat ‘Ammaar bin Yaasir (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) in his place.

When these people of Kufah complained about Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), they even complained that he was not performing salaah correctly! Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) thus called for Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). When he arrived, Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) addressed him with the utmost respect saying, “O Abu Ishaaq (this was the kunyah (filial title) of Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu))! Indeed these people are claiming that you do not perform salaah correctly.

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “By Allah! As for myself, then I would perform for them the salaah which Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) had taught us, without any deficiency.” Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) then gave an example of how he emulated the salaah of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) mentioning, “When I lead them in the ‘Esha Salaah, I lengthen the first two rakaats and shorten the second two rakaats.” Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “O Abu Ishaaq! That is the exact opinion that I held regarding yourself!”

Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) thereafter sent Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) back to Kufah with a few people (in order to investigate the allegations against Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), so that his innocence may be proven and his name cleared). They thus went to every musjid of Kufah and asked the people regarding Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). When questioned, the people had nothing but praise for Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu).

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