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Lives of the Sahaabah

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Three

Sad bin Abi Waqqaas (Radhiyallahu Anhu)Abu ‘Uthmaan (rahimahullah) narrates that Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) said:

The following verse of the Qur’aan Majeed was revealed in my regard:

وَوَصَّيْنَا الْإِنسَـٰنَ بِوَٰلِدَيْهِ حُسْنًا وَإِن جَـٰهَدَاكَ لِتُشْرِكَ بِى مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ فَلَا تُطِعْهُمَآ

We have enjoined upon man kindness to parents. And if they (your disbelieving parents) force you to join partners with Me (in My worship) that of which you do not have knowledge, then do not obey them.

I was very obedient to my mother. When I accepted Islam, she said, “O Sa’d! What is this religion that you have innovated? You will either leave this religion, or I will neither speak to you, nor eat nor drink until I die. You will then bear the blame of my death as people will call you ‘the one who killed his mother’.” I replied, “O my mother! Do not do this! I will not leave this religion of mine for anything!”

My mother then remained for one day and night (and according to some narrations, three days and nights) without eating or drinking until she became extremely weak. When I saw her in this condition, I said to her, “O my mother! By Allah! Know that if you had a hundred lives and you lost them all, one by one, I would not leave my religion. If you wish, then eat. Otherwise, do not eat.” When the mother of Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) saw his determination and devotion to Islam, she realized that he would never renounce Islam and she thus began to eat.

(Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa vol.3 pg. 69, Saheeh Muslim #1748)

Source: Whatisislam.co.za

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Two

Sad bin Abi Waqqaas (Radhiyallahu Anhu)Dream Before Accepting Islam

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates:

Prior to accepting Islam, I had a dream in which I saw that I was in absolute darkness and was unable to see anything. Suddenly, a moon illuminated the night and I began to follow it. In the dream, I saw those who had preceded me to this moon. I could see Hazrat Zaid bin Haarithah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), Hazrat ‘Ali bin Abi Taalib (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). I asked them, “When did you arrive here?” They replied, “Just this moment.” I later on learnt that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was secretly inviting to Islam. I thus met him in the valleys of the mountains of Makkah Mukarramah. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) had just performed Salaah. I then accepted Islam, and none besides these Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) had preceded me in accepting Islam (Note: This Sahaabi mentioned this according to his knowledge. Otherwise, it is proven in other narrations that there were a few other Sahaabah who accepted Islam before him).”

(Usdul Ghaabah vol. 2 pg. 309)

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part One

Sad bin Abi Waqqaas (Radhiyallahu Anhu)Name: Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqqaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)

Kunyah (agnomen): Abu Ishaaq (Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa vol 3 pg. 58)

Father’s Name: Maalik bin Wuhaib bin ‘Abd Manaaf (Tabaqaat ibn Sa’d vol 3 pg. 101)

Mother’s Name: Hamnah bint Sufyaan bin Umayyah bin ‘Abd Shams (Tabaqaat ibn Sa’d vol 3 pg. 101)

Title: Faaris-ul-Islam (the Horseman of Islam) (Tahzeeb-ul-Kamaal vol. 10 pg. 310)

Islam:

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) accepted Islam at the age of nineteen. (Istee‘aab vol. 2 pg. 171, Tahzeeb-ul-Kamaal vol. 10 pg. 311)

According to some narrations, Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) accepted Islam at the age of seventeen. (Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa vol. 3 pg. 61)

Family Ties with Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam):

Hazrat Jaabir bin ‘Abdillah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates that Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) once arrived when Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “This is my maternal uncle. Which person can show me a maternal uncle like mine.”

Note: Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) referred to Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) as his maternal uncle (despite him not being the brother of Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)’s respected mother) because Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) hailed from the Banu Zuhrah tribe and the respected mother of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), Hazrat Aaminah, also hailed from the Banu Zuhrah tribe.

(Sunan Tirmizi #3752)

Source: Whatisislam.co.za

Hazrat Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Seventeen

This entry is part 17 of 17 in the series Life of Hadhrat Zubair (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Hadhrat Zubair (Radhiyallahu Anhu)Barakah in his Wealth Even after his Demise (continued)

Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) continues:

In this manner, Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) sold some of their wealth (comprising of some portions of Ghaabah as well a few other properties) and completely settled the debts. (After settling the debts) four and a half shares of Ghaabah still remained. Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) thus went to Hazrat Mu‘aawiyah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) while ‘Amr bin ‘Uthmaan, Munzir bin Zubair and ibn Zam‘ah were with Hazrat Mu‘aawiyah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). Hazrat Mu‘aawiyah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) asked Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), “How much has Ghaabah been valued at?” Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) answered, “Every share is worth one hundred thousand.” Hazrat Mu‘aawiyah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) next asked, “How many shares remain?” Hazrat ‘Abdullah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “Four and a half.” Hearing this, Munzir bin Zubair said, “I take one share for one hundred thousand”, ‘Amr bin ‘Uthmaan said, “I take one share for one hundred thousand”, and ibn Zam‘ah said, “I take one share for one hundred thousand.” After they had each purchased their shares, Hazrat Mu‘aawiyah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) asked, “How many shares remain?” When Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) informed him that one and a half shares remained, he said, “I take it for one hundred and fifty thousand.”

As for Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Ja’far (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), he sold his share of Ghaabah to Hazrat Mu‘aawiyah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) for six hundred thousand (thus recouping the four hundred thousand that was owed to him and making a further two hundred thousand profit).

When Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) had completed settling the debt, the heirs of Hazrat Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) said to him, “Distribute our inheritance between us.” However, he replied saying, “By Allah! I will not distribute it between you until I do not first make the following announcement during the season of Haj for four years, ‘Behold! Whoever is owed a debt by Hazrat Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) should come to us, we will fulfill it.” He thus began to make this announcement every year during the occasion of Haj. When the four years had elapsed, he distributed the estate between the heirs.

Hazrat Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) had four wives (who were inheriting from him). After one third of the estate was separated (for the wasiyyat), each wife received 1.2 million as her individual share. The entire estate of Hazrat Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) (before settling the debts and separating the one third of the wasiyyat, and prior to the four years of announcing for creditors to come forward) was worth 50.2 million.

Note:

1. The four wives combined share equaled one eighth of the entire estate. Since each wife received 1.2 million, their combined share equaled 4.8 million. Hence, 4.8 million was one eighth of the estate. According to this figure, the estate was worth 38.4 million. However, this figure represents just two thirds of the estate as one third of the estate was given as wasiyyat before distributing the inheritance among the heirs. Thus, the total estate reached 57.6 million. Bearing in mind that this was the total before the debt of 2.2 million was paid, we arrive at the conclusion that the gross total of the estate was 59.8 million dirhams.

Hence, in the period of four years during which Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) announced for creditors to claim the money owed to them, the estate continued to grow (due to the barakah in this wealth e.g. perhaps through rental) until it finally increased from 50.2 million to 59.8 million dirhams (which is currently worth one billion five hundred and seventy four million six hundred and twenty two thousand five hundred and four rand).

2. The reason for Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) announcing for creditors to claim any haq owed to them for four years was that in that era, it would take a person departing from Makkah Mukarramah two years to reach the furthest land and two years to return. Hence, if his announcement took two years to reach a creditor who lived in a distant land, the creditor would have the sufficient period of two years to come to Makkah Mukarramah or send a message of his claim with someone.

(Saheeh Bukhaari #3129, Kashful Baari pg. 279)

Source: Whatisislam.co.za

Hazrat Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Sixteen

This entry is part 16 of 17 in the series Life of Hadhrat Zubair (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Hadhrat Zubair (Radhiyallahu Anhu)Barakah in his Wealth Even after his Demise (continued)

Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) continues:

Sometime thereafter, Hazrat Hakeem bin Hizaam (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) met Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and asked him, “O my nephew! How much is the debt that my brother owes?” Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) did not disclose the entire amount (as he did not want Hazrat Hakeem (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) to think that he was needy or for him to have an ill opinion of Hazrat Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) for leaving his son with such a large debt to settle) and thus he merely replied, “One hundred thousand.” Hearing this, Hazrat Hakeem (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) exclaimed, “By Allah! I do not think that your wealth will be able to bear this debt!” (When Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) saw that Hazrat Hakeem (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) considered the amount of one hundred thousand to be too great for him to pay, he felt it necessary to now disclose the entire amount and also assure him that he would manage paying it. Hence,) Hazrat ‘Abdullah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) said, “Tell me, what if it was 2.2 million?” Hazrat Hakeem (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) responded, “I do not think that you will manage this. If you are unable to pay any portion of the debt, come to me for assistance.”

Hazrat Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) had purchased the property of Ghaabah for one hundred and seventy thousand. Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) sold it for 1.6 million (by dividing Ghaabah into sixteen shares and selling each share for one hundred thousand).

When he was selling the shares of Ghaabah, Hazrat ‘Abdullah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) stood and announced, “All those who are owed a right by Hazrat Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) should come to us at Ghaabah.” Thus, Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Ja’far (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), who was owed four hundred thousand by Hazrat Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), came to him. He said to Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), “If you wish, I will forego the debt for you.” Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “No.” Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Ja’far (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) thus said, “If you wish, I will delay the debt so that it is among the last debts that you settle, if you are happy will allowing me to delay accepting my haq.” Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) once again replied, “No.” Hence, Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Ja’far (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) said, “Then demarcate a portion (of Ghaabah) for me.” Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) thus demarcated a portion of the property (equal to four parts of the sixteen parts into which he had divided the property) in Ghaabah for Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Ja’far (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) telling him, “Your portion is from here until here.”

In another narration, Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Ja’far (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) offered to waive the debt. Thereafter, when Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) did not accept this, he said, “Give me your sandals in payment of the debt.” When Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) declined even this offer, Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Ja’far (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) said, “In that case, the debt will remain upon you until the Day of Qiyaamah (as you do not have any wealth to pay me).” Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) then offered to give Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Ja’far (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) a portion of land in payment of the debt. (Al Ma’rifah wa-Taareekh vol. 2 pg. 413)

(To be continued insha Allah)

(Saheeh Bukhaari #3129, Kashful Baari pg. 279)

Source: Whatisislam.co.za