Sunnats and Aadaab of Sleeping – Part 1

This entry is part 1 of 11 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Sleeping

sweet dreams 1. It is sunnah for one to sleep in the state of Wudhu.

عن معاذ بن جبل رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم ما من عبد بات على طهور ثم تعار من الليل فسأل الله شيئا من أمر الدنيا أو من أمر الآخرة إلا أعطاه (ابن ماجة رقم 3881)

Hadhrat Muaadh bin Jabal (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “The one who sleeps in the state of wudhu, and thereafter wakes up during the night (or turns from one side to the other), and asks Allah Ta’ala for anything of this world or the Hereafter, Allah Ta’ala will surely grant it to him.

2. One should dust the bed before sleeping.

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إذا أوى أحدكم إلى فراشه فلينفض فراشه بداخلة إزاره ، فإنه لا يدري ما خلفه عليه (البخاري رقم 6320)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “When any one of you retires to bed, then he should dust the bed with the inner-part of the tail of his lungi. The reason being is that one is unaware of what could have entered his bed in his absence.

Sunnats and Aadaab of Sleeping – Part 2

This entry is part 2 of 11 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Sleeping

sweet dreams1. One should cleanse one’s mouth by making miswaak before sleeping.

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال : كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم لا ينام ليلة ولا ينتبه إلا استن . رواه الطبراني في الأوسط وفيه من لم أجد ذكره وقد رواه أحمد من فعل أبي هريرة وفيه محمد بن عمرو وهو ضعيف مختلف فيه (مجمع الزوائد رقم 2568)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that whenever Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) retired to bed at night or awoke, he would use the miswaak.

2. One should apply surmah on the eyes before sleeping.

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال اكتحلوا بالإثمد فإنه يجلو البصر وينبت الشعر وزعم أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم كانت له مكحلة يكتحل بها كل ليلة ثلاثة في هذه وثلاثة في هذه. (ترمذي رقم 1757)

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Abbaas (Radhiallahu Anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Apply surmah by using ithmid (a type of surmah), for certainly it cleans the eyes and causes the hair (eyelashes) to grow.” Hadhrat Abdullah bin Abbaas (Radhiallahu Anhuma) further says that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) kept a container of surmah from which he used to apply surmah every night. He would apply the surmah thrice in the right eye and thrice in the left eye.  

Sunnats and Aadaab of Sleeping – Part 3

This entry is part 3 of 11 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Sleeping

sweet dreams1. One should not while away one’s time after the Esha salaah in vain talk. Instead one should try to sleep as early as possible so that one can wake up for tahajjud salaah and perform his Fajr salaah on time. However, if there is a valid need e.g. participating in a deeni program, discussing Deeni masaail, an important mashwara etc, then it will be permissible for one to engage in discussions after Esha.

عن أبي برزة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يكره النوم قبل العشاء والحديث بعدها (البخاري رقم 568)

Hadhrat Abu Barzah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) disliked one to sleep before Esha, and to engage in discussions after Esha (in the case where there is no need).

عن عمر بن الخطاب قال : كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يسمر مع أبي بكر في الأمر من أمر المسلمين وأنا معهما (ترمذي رقم 169)

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) engaged in discussions after Esha with Hadhrat  Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu) regarding a matter concerning the Muslims while I was also present.

عن عائشة زوج النبي قالت : ما رأيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم نائما قبل العشاء ولا لاغيا بعدها إما ذاكرا فيغنم وإما نائما فيسلم قالت عائشة زوج النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم . قالت : السمر لثلاثة : لعروس أو مسافر أو متهجد بالليل (مجمع الزوائد رقم 1761)

Hadhrat Aaisha (Radhiallahu Anha) reports that she had never seen Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) sleep before Esha, nor did she see him engage in vain discussions after Esha. He would either engage in the remembrance of Allah Ta’ala after Esha thereby reaping the rewards of the Hereafter and becoming successful, or he would go to sleep thereby saving himself (from being engaged in things of no benefit). Hadhrat Aaisha (Radhiallahu Anha) further says: “Engaging in talks after Esha is permissible for three groups of people; for a married couple, the traveler (in order that he remains awake to complete the journey) and the one who intends performing salaah during the night.”

2. Recite the masnoon du`aas before sleeping. Below are a few masnoon duaas that should be read at the time one retires to bed:

اللَّهُمَّ بِاسْمِكَ أَمُوتُ وَ أَحْيَى

 O Allah. With Your name do I die and live.

اللَّهُمَّ قِنِى عَذَابَكَ يَوْمَ تَبْعَثُ عِبَادَكَ

O Allah. Save me from Your punishment on the day when You shall raise Your servants (from the grave)

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَنَا وَسَقَانَا وَكَفَانَا وَآوَانَا فَكَمْ مِمَّنْ لَا كَافِيَ لَهُ وَلَا مُؤْوِيَ

All praises are due to Allah Ta’ala, who gave us food, drink, fulfilled our needs and gave us shelter. There are many who do not have anyone to support them, nor anyone to provide them with shelter.

 

عن حذيفة رضي الله عنه قال كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا أخذ مضجعه من الليل وضع يده تحت خده ثم يقول اللهم باسمك أموت وأحيا وإذا استيقظ قال الحمد لله الذي أحيانا بعد ما أماتنا وإليه النشور. (بخارى رقم 6314 )

Hadrat Huzaifa (Radiallahu anhu) reports that when retiring to bed at night, Rasulullah (Salallahu alaihi wasallam) would place his (right) hand under his (right) cheek and would recite the duaa  اللهم باسمك اموت و احيى , and upon awakening would recite الحمد لله الذى احيانا بعد ما اماتنا واليه النشور

عن حفصة رضي الله عنها زوج النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا أراد أن يرقد وضع يده اليمنى تحت خده ثم يقول اللهم قنى عذابك يوم تبعث عبادك  ثلاث مرار. (ابو داود رقم 5047)

Hadrat Hafsa (Radiallahu anha) reports that when Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) intended to sleep, he would place his right hand under his cheek and recite the following duaa thrice:

اللَّهُمَّ قِنِى عَذَابَكَ يَوْمَ تَبْعَثُ عِبَادَكَ

 

عن أنس رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا أوى إلى فراشه قال: الحمد لله الذي أطعمنا وسقانا وكفانا وآوانا فكم ممن لا كافي له ولا مؤوي. (مسلم رقم 2715)

Hadhrat Anas (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would recite the following Duaa when retiring to bed:

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَنَا وَسَقَانَا وَكَفَانَا وَآوَانَا فَكَمْ مِمَّنْ لَا كَافِيَ لَهُ وَلَا مُؤْوِي

Sunnats and Aadaab of Sleeping – Part 4

This entry is part 4 of 11 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Sleeping

sweet dreams1. One should recite the following before retiring to bed:

a)  Tasbeeh-e-Faatimi i.e. 33 times Subhaanallah, 33 times Alhamdulillah, and 34 times Allahu Akbar.

عن علي رضي الله عنه أن فاطمة رضي الله عنها أتت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم تشكو إليه ما تلقى في يدها من الرحى وبلغها أنه جاءه رقيق فلم تصادفه فذكرت ذلك لعائشة فلما جاء أخبرته عائشة قال فجاءنا وقد أخذنا مضاجعنا فذهبنا نقوم فقال على مكانكما فجاء فقعد بيني وبينها حتى وجدت برد قدميه على بطني فقال ألا أدلكما على خير مما سألتما إذا أخذتما مضاجعكما أو أويتما إلى فراشكما فسبحا ثلاثا وثلاثين واحمدا ثلاثا وثلاثين وكبرا أربعا وثلاثين فهو خير لكما من خادم. و في رواية: قال علي : فما تركته منذ سمعته من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قيل له : ولا ليلة صفين ؟ قال : ولا ليلة صفين. (البخاري رقم 5361)

Hadhrat Ali (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that on one occasion Hadhrat Faatimah (Radhiallahu Anha) went to the house of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) to complain about the difficulty she was experiencing while using the handmill. The news reached her that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had received some slaves (so she had thought that she would request Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) for a slave to assist her in her daily chores). However, (upon reaching the home) she did not find Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) present, hence she informed Hadhrat Aaisha (Radhiallahu Anha) of her reason for coming. When Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) reached home, Hadhrat Aaisha (Radhiallahu Anha) informed him regarding the request of Hadhrat Faatima (Radhiallahu Anha). Subsequently, Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) then came to our home at the time we were retiring to bed. (Upon seeing him) we intended to wake up (out of respect for him), but Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) told us to remain as we were. He then came and sat between us until I could feel the coolness of his feet on my stomach (i.e. due to being seated so close to us in between, his mubaarak feet touched the side of my body). He then said: “Should I not show you something better than what you had requested (i.e. better than me giving you a slave to assist you in your daily chores)? Before retiring to bed, then recite Subhaanallah 33 times, Alhamdulillah 33 times and Allahu Akbar 34 times, for certainly this is better for you (in assisting you in your daily chores) than acquiring a slave. (According to another narration) Hadhrat Ali (Radhiallahu Anhu) further said: “I did not leave out this practice from the time I heard it from Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).” Someone present asked: “Not even on the night of Siffeen (i.e. the night of the battle of Siffeen)?” He replied: “Not even on the night of Siffeen.”    

 

b) Aayatul Kursi

عن أبي أمامة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم من قرأ آية الكرسي دبر كل صلاة لم يمنعه من دخول الجنة إلا أن يموت  رواه النسائي والطبراني بأسانيد أحدها صحيح  وقال شيخنا أبو الحسن هو على شرط البخاري وابن حبان في كتاب الصلاة وصححه (الترغيب رقم 2468)  و في رواية ضعيفة عن علي رضي الله عنه قال : سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم على أعواد المنبر يقول : من قرأ آية الكرسي في دبر كل صلاة لم يمنعه من دخول الجنة إلا الموت ومن قرأها حين يأخذ مضجعه آمنه الله على داره ودار جاره وأهل دويرات حوله. )رواه البيهقي في شعب الإيمان رقم 2395)

Hadhrat Abu Umaamah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Whoever recites Aayatul Kursi after every Fardh salaah, nothing prevents him from entering Paradise except death. (In another Hadith reported by Hadhrat Ali (Radhiallahu Anhu)) The one who recites Aayatul kursi at night when retiring to bed, Allah Ta’ala will protect his home, the homes of his neighbours, and the homes of the people around him. 

 

c) The three Quls

عن عائشة: " أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا أوى إلى فراشه كل ليلة جمع كفيه، ثم نفث فيهما فقرأ فيهما: قل هو الله أحد وقل أعوذ برب الفلق وقل أعوذ برب الناس، ثم يمسح بهما ما استطاع من جسده، يبدأ بهما على رأسه ووجهه وما أقبل من جسده يفعل ذلك ثلاث مرات (بخاري رقم 5017)

Hadhrat Aaisha (Radhiallahu Anha) reports that whenever Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would retire to bed every night, he would recite Surah Ikhlaas, Surah Falaq and Surah Naas and thereafter blow on his both palms. Subsequently, he would rub his palms upon his entire body. He would commence rubbing his palms on his head, face and the front portion of his body. He would repeat this action three times. 

 

d) The last two verses of Surah Baqarah.

عن أبي مسعود الأنصاري البدري عقبة بن عمرو رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: الآيتان من آخر سورة البقرة ، من قرأ بهما في ليلة كفتاه. (بخاري رقم 5040)

Hadhrat Abu Mas’ood Ansaari (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “The last two verses of Surah Baqarah are such that whoever recites them at night, it will suffice him (some say that it will suffice him from the harm and evil of everything, others say it will suffice him from reciting anything else during the night or from waking up for tahajjud). 

Sunnats and Aadaab of Sleeping – Part 5

This entry is part 5 of 11 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Sleeping

sweet dreams1. One should sleep on the right side with placing the right hand under the right cheek.

عن حفصة رضي الله عنها زوج النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا أراد أن يرقد وضع يده اليمنى تحت خده ثم يقول  اللهم قنى عذابك يوم تبعث عبادك ثلاث مرار. (ابو داود رقم 5047)

Hadrat Hafsa (Radiallahu anha) reports that when Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) intended to sleep, he would place his right hand under his cheek and recite the following duaa thrice:

اللَّهُمَّ قِنِى عَذَابَكَ يَوْمَ تَبْعَثُ عِبَادَكَ

2. One should not sleep on one’s stomach.

وعن يعيش بن طخفة الغفاري رضي الله عنهما قال فبينما أنا مضطجع فى المسجد من السحر على بطنى إذا رجل يحركنى برجله فقال إن هذه ضجعة يبغضها الله. قال فنظرت فإذا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم. (ابو داود رقم 5042)

Hadhrat Ya’eesh Ghifaari (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports: “On one occasion I was sleeping on my stomach in the Musjid due to stomach pains. Suddenly a man came and shook me with his leg saying: “Sleeping in this position (i.e. on the stomach) is disliked by Allah Ta’ala.” (I turned to see who was addressing me), then I saw that it was Hadhrat Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).”