Sunnats and Aadaab of Greeting (Salaam) – Part 4

This entry is part 6 of 26 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Greeting

Salaam1. If one is greeted with salaam,  it is waajib for one to reply to the salaam.

2. When replying to the salaam, it is permissible for one to reply equally to the greeting received. However, if one increases the words in the greeting, it will be better and more rewarding  E.g. If one was greeted with the words “Assalaamu Alaikum”, then one may reply by saying “Wa alaikumus Salaam”. However, it is better and more rewarding for one to say “Wa Alaikumus Salaam Wa Rahmatullah” or  “Wa Alaikumus Salaam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa barakaatuhu.”

وَإِذا حُيّيتُم بِتَحِيَّةٍ فَحَيّوا بِأَحسَنَ مِنها أَو رُدّوها

And when you are greeted with a greeting, then greet better than it or return it (in a like manner).

عن علي – يعني ابن أبي طالب – قال : دخلت المسجد فإذا أنا بالنبي صلى الله عليه و سلم في عصبة من أصحابه فقلت : السلام عليكم . فقال : وعليكم السلام ورحمة الله عشرون لي وعشر لك . قال : فدخلت الثانية فقلت : السلام عليكم ورحمة الله . فقال: وعليك السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته ثلاثون لي وعشرون لك. فدخلت الثالثة فقلت : السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته . فقال : وعليك السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته ثلاثون لي وثلاثون لك . أنا وأنت يا علي في السلام سواء إنه يا علي ما من رجل مر على مجلس فسلم عليهم إلا كتب الله له عشر حسنات ومحا عنه عشر سيئات ورفع له عشر درجات. (مجمع الزوائد رقم 12735)

Hadhrat Ali (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that on one occasion I entered the Musjid and appeared before Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) while he was seated among a group of Sahaabah. I said: “Assalaamu Alaikum”. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied by saying “Wa Alaikumus Salaam Wa Rahmatullah”, and thereafter Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “You have received ten rewards and I have received twenty rewards (on account of me increasing the words of salaam).” Later on, I entered the presence of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) for a second time. I said: “Assalaam Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah.” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied by saying: “Wa Alaika Salaam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa barakaatuhu”, and thereafter Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “You have received twenty rewards and I have received thirty rewards (on account of me increasing the words of salaam).” On the third occasion when I entered the presence of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), I said: “Assalaam Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wabaraakatuhu.” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied by saying: “Wa Alaika Salaam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa barakaatuhu”, and thereafter Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “You have received thirty rewards and I have received thirty rewards. O Ali, you and I are equal in the rewards of salaam. O Ali, whichever person passes by a gathering, then he makes salaam upon the people present in the gathering, he will receive ten blessings from Allah Ta’ala, ten sins will be wiped out and he will be elevated ten stages in the Hereafter (on account of greeting the people in the gathering).”

 

Sunnats and Aadaab of Greeting (Salaam) – Part 5

This entry is part 7 of 26 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Greeting

Salaam1. The words of salaam end with  “Wa barakaatuhu”. One should not add any other words after “Wa barakaatuhu”.

عن محمد بن عمرو بن عطاء قال : كنت جالسا عند عبد الله بن عباس فدخل عليه رجل يماني فقال : السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته ثم زاد شيئا مع ذلك أيضا قال ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما: من هذا ؟ وهو يومئذ قد ذهب بصره قالوا : هذا اليماني الذي يغشاك فعرفوه إياه حتى عرفه قال ابن عباس : إن السلام انتهى إلى البركة. (المؤطا للامام محمد ص385)

Muhammad bin Amr bin Ataa’ (Rahimahullah) reports: “On one occasion I was seated with Hadhrat Abdullah bin Abbaas (Radhiyallahu Anhuma), when a person from Yemen entered the gathering and made salaam saying ‘Assalaam Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wabaraakatuhu,’ and he then added some words with the salaam.  Hadhrat Abdullah bin Abbaas (Radhiyallahu Anhuma) asked: “Who is this person?” as at that time he had lost his eyesight. His companions said: “This is the person from Yemen who comes to your gatherings regularly.” They described the person until Hadhrat Abdullah bin Abbaas (Radhiyallahu Anhuma) recognized him. Hadhrat Abdullah bin Abbaas (Radhiyallahu Anhuma) then said: “Salaam ends with barakah (i.e. by saying Wabaraakatuhu).”  

 

Sunnats and Aadaab of Greeting (Salaam) – Part 6

This entry is part 8 of 26 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Greeting

Salaam1. When replying to the salaam of someone, one should reply to the salaam verbally and not by a mere sign of the hand or a nod of the head.

وعن عمرو بن شعيب عن أبيه عن جده رضي الله عنهم أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : ليس منا من تشبه بغيرنا لا تشبهوا باليهود ولا بالنصارى فإن تسليم اليهود الإشارة بالأصابع وتسليم النصارى الإشارة بالأكف . (ترمذي رقم 2695)

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Amr (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “The one who emulates the ways (and culture) of others is not from amongst us. Do not emulate the Jews nor the Christians (in their ways and culture). When the Jews greet each other, they greet each other by gesturing with their fingers, and when the Christians greet each other, they greet each other by gesturing with their hands.” (Therefore we should refrain from emulating them in their manner of greeting).

Sunnats and Aadaab of Greeting (Salaam) – Part 7

This entry is part 9 of 26 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Greeting

Salaam1. From an entire group of people, if one person among them makes salaam to someone they meet, his salaam will suffice on behalf of the entire group. Similarly, if a person meets a group of people and greets them with salaam, the reply of one person among them will suffice on behalf of the entire group.

عن على بن أبى طالب رضى الله عنه (قال أبو داود رفعه الحسن بن على) قال: يجزئ عن الجماعة إذا مروا أن يسلم أحدهم ويجزئ عن الجلوس أن يرد أحدهم (ابو داود رقم 5212)

Hazrat Ali (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “It suffices on behalf of an entire group of people when they pass by someone that one person among them makes salaam (to the person they meet), and it suffices on behalf of a group of people seated that one among them replies to the salaam (of the person who greets them with salaam).”

Sunnats and Aadaab of Greeting (Salaam) – Part 8

This entry is part 10 of 26 in the series Sunnats and Aadaab of Greeting

Salaam1. One should make salaam upon entering the home. If there is no one present within the home, he should make salaam by saying “Assalaamu Alaina Wa ‘ala ‘Ibaadillahis Saaliheen”.

عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه قال : قال لي رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يا بني إذا دخلت على أهلك فسلم يكون بركة عليك وعلى أهل بيتك (ترمذي رقم 2698)

Hadhrat Anas (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) once said to me: "O my beloved son, upon entering your home, greet your family (i.e. the inmates of the home) with salaam. This will be a means of earning blessings for yourself and your family."

عن ابن عمر في الرجل يدخل في البيت أو في المسجد ليس فيه أحد قال: يقول: السلام علينا وعلى عباد الله الصالحين (المصنف لابن ابي شيبة رقم 26353)

It is reported that Hadhrat Abdullah bin Umar (Radhiyallahu Anhuma) mentioned regarding a person who enters a home or the Musjid wherein no one is present, that he should say Assalaamu Alaina Wa ‘ala ‘Ibaadillahis Saaliheen.”