Hadhrat Abu Zar Ghifaari (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part One

This entry is part of 14 in the series Life of Hadhrat Abu Zar (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Abu ZarName: Jundub bin Junaadah (Isaabah 7/105, Usdul Ghaabah 1/343)

Appellation: Abu Zar

Mother’s Name: Ramlah bint Al-Waqee‘ah (Usdul Ghaabah 4/436, Istee‘aab 1/321)

Physical Description: He was a tall, thin Sahaabi who was wheat colored in complexion and had a thick beard. (Isaabah 7/107, Siyar A‘laam min Nubalaa 3/379)

Condition before Accepting Islam: Before accepting Islam, Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was a highway-robber. He was so brave and courageous that he would, without any assistance, single handedly rob travelers. He would waylay the caravans that would stop for water in the early morning. He would attack them from horseback or on foot with great speed and talent.

(Siyar A‘laam min Nubalaa 3/373)

Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) believed in Tauheed (the Oneness of Allah Ta‘ala) prior to the advent of Islam. He had begun worshiping Allah Ta‘ala three years before embracing Islam at the hands of Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).

(Usdul Ghaabah 1/343)

Source: Whatisislam.co.za

Hadhrat Abu Zar Ghifaari (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Two

This entry is part 2 of 14 in the series Life of Hadhrat Abu Zar (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Abu ZarAccepting Islam: There are different narrations recorded regarding Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) accepting Islam.

The First Narration: The first narration is reported by Hazrat ibn ‘Abbaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma). He says:

When the news reached Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) that Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) had claimed Nubuwwah, he said to his brother, “Travel to the valley of Makkah Mukarramah and enquire regarding the person who claims that he is a Nabi who receives revelation from the sky. Listen to his message and thereafter return to me.”

Accordingly, his brother travelled to Makkah Mukarramah and listened to the message of Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). When he returned to Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), he said, “I have seen him commanding people to adopt excellent character and he speaks words which are not poetry.” Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “The information which you have brought me is insufficient to convince me regarding his being a Nabi.” He thereafter packed some provisions, took his water skin and travelled to Makkah Mukarramah.

When he arrived in Makkah Mukarramah, he proceeded to the Musjid and began to search for Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). However, he did not know what Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) looked like and was reluctant to ask anybody about him. He thus remained in the Musjid until night began to set in. As it was now late and he had nowhere to go, he lay down. At that point, Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) saw him and realized that he was a stranger. Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) therefore invited him home where he hosted him for the night. The entire night passed and neither of them spoke or asked each other anything regarding the purpose for Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) travelling to Makkah Mukarramah.

When morning dawned, Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) took his water skin and provisions and proceeded to the Musjid where he again waited the entire day without finding Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). When evening set in and Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) lay down to sleep, Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) once again passed by and remarked, “Does this man still not know what he has come for?” Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) then took Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) home where he hosted him for the second night. That night also passed without any of them mentioning the reason for which Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) had come to Makkah Mukarramah.

Continue reading Hadhrat Abu Zar Ghifaari (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Two →

Hazrat Abu Zar Ghifaari (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Three

This entry is part 3 of 14 in the series Life of Hadhrat Abu Zar (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Abu ZarThe Second Narration:

The second narration regarding Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) embracing Islam is that which is narrated by Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin As-Saamit (rahimahullah). He reports that Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) said:

We departed from our tribe, the Ghifaar, who were a people who would revere and honor the sacred months. Our group consisted of my brother, Unais, my mother and I. After leaving our people, we came to my mother’s brother and began to stay with him. This uncle of ours honored us and treated us kindly. However, his tribe was jealous of us and thus said to him one day, “When you leave your family at home, Unais goes to them” (insinuating that Unais was interfering with his family). Our uncle came to us and told us what his tribe had said about us to which I replied, “You have spoilt all the good which you have shown us to date (by believing and entertaining this lie). There is nothing that will reunite us after this.” Saying this, we fetched our camels and began to load them in preparation to leave. Our uncle was watching us with his cloak wrapped around him and soon began to cry. We departed and travelled until we eventually encamped at a place near Makkah Mukarramah.

At that point, my brother, Unais, challenged someone to a poetry competition. Both competing parties had to pledge camels which would form the prize to be won and my brother had pledged our camels as his contribution. They appointed a soothsayer as the judge and after they had recited some poetry, he declared my brother the winner of the competition due to which my brother returned with our camels and the camels of the person he had challenged.

Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) then said to Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin As-Saamit (rahimahullah), “O my nephew! I was already performing salaah for three years before I met Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).” Hazrat ‘Abdullah (rahimahullah) asked, “To whom would you perform salaah?” Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “To Allah Ta‘ala.” Hazrat ‘Abdullah (rahimahullah) then asked, “In which direction would you face?” Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “I would face in whichever direction my Rabb would turn me. I would perform salaah until the end of the night would set in. I would then lie down and (out of extreme exhaustion) sleep like a shawl until the sun had already risen high.”

Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) then continued narrating the incident of his embracing Islam saying:

My brother, Unais, then said to me, “I have some work in Makkah Mukarramah. See to my affairs while I am away.” He thereafter set off for Makkah Mukarramah and remained there for so long that he was delayed in returning. When he eventually returned, I asked him what had happened to which he replied, “I met a man in Makkah Mukarramah who follows the same Deen as you. He claims that Allah Ta‘ala has deputed him as the Rasul.” I asked, “What do the people say regarding him?” Unais replied, “They say that he is a poet, soothsayer or magician.” Unais, an accomplished poet himself, further commented, “I have heard the speech of fortune tellers before. His message is not the speech of fortune tellers. I have compared his message to the various forms of poetry and verse adhered to by the poets and if I did not find it to be poetry, nobody will be able to call it poetry. By Allah he is speaking the truth and they are lying.” I thereafter asked my brother, Unais to attend to my affairs in turn while I travelled to Makkah Mukarramah to listen to the message of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) to see whether he really was the Rasul of Allah or not.

When I arrived in Makkah Mukarramah, I looked for a person who seemed weak (in the hope that he would not cause me trouble) and asked him, “Where is the person who you call the Saabi’ (one who has renounced idol worship)?” this person instantly turned to the people around us and gestured toward me shouting, “Here is a Saabi’!” on hearing his shout, all the people of Makkah Mukarramah began to attack me with clods of earth and bones until I finally fell unconscious. When I eventually regained consciousness, I saw that I resembled a red idol (due to the excessive blood which had flowed from my wounds). I then made my way to the well of Zamzam and drew water which I drank and used to wash the blood off my body.

Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) then said to Hazrat ‘Abdullah (rahimahullah), “O my nephew! I stayed for 30 days and nights without anything to consume but the water of Zamzam. Through the blessings of drinking Zamzam I put on so much of weight that my belly developed creases and I never felt the pangs and weakness of hunger.”

(To be continued insha Allah)

(Saheeh Muslim #2473)

Source: Whatisislam.co.za

Hazrat Abu Zar Ghifaari (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Four

This entry is part 4 of 14 in the series Life of Hadhrat Abu Zar (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Abu ZarThe Second Narration (continued):

Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) said (continuing the incident of his embracing Islam):

One bright, moonlit night, I was by the Ka‘bah when the people of Makkah Mukarramah were sound asleep. Myself aside, there were only two women present and they were making tawaaf. Whenever these women would pass by the two idols, Isaaf and Naa’ilah, they would call out to them in supplication. As they drew close to me, I called out to them in mockery of their idols, “Marry one to the other!” My statement drew no response, however, as they continued calling out to their idols in supplication. The next time they came close to me, I called out, “Your idol has a private part of wood!” except that I did not use an ambiguous word indicating towards it but rather used an explicit word to refer to the private part. This statement finally excited a response as the two women now began to go about calling out in supplication to their idols for me to be destroyed and were proclaiming, “If only some of our people were here to punish you!”

At that point, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) approached and saw the women in distress. They asked the women what the matter was to which they complained about a Saabi’ (person who has renounced idol worship) who was by the Ka‘bah. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) asked them as to what I had said to cause them such distress to which they exclaimed, “It is such a filthy statement that it fills our mouth! (i.e.we cannot utter it)” Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) then went to the Hajr-e-Aswad and made Istilaam after which they made tawaaf and performed salaah. After Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) completed his salaah, I greeted him with the words of salaam and I was the first person to greet Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) with the greeting of salaam. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) thereafter asked me who I was to which I replied, “I am from the tribe of Ghifaar.” On hearing this, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) placed his blessed fingers on his forehead. I became worried and thought, “He (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) is unhappy that I have attributed myself to the Ghifaar clan” and so I went forward to hold the hand of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). However, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) stopped me from doing so as he knew better than me how to conduct before Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) thereafter raised his mubaarak head and asked me, “How long have you been here?” I replied, “I have been here for the past 30 days and nights.” Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) then enquired, “Who has been feeding you?” I replied, “I have had no food besides the water of Zamzam which has caused me to gain such weight that my belly has developed folds and I never felt the pangs and weakness of hunger.” Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “It is full of barakah (blessing). It can satiate a person just as food does.” Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) thereafter asked, “O Rasul of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)! Allow me to feed him tonight.” Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) then proceeded with me accompanying them until Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) came to a door which he opened. He brought us the raisins of Taa’if and this was the first food which I ate in Makkah Mukarramah. I thereafter remained in Makkah Mukarramah for some time.

Continue reading Hazrat Abu Zar Ghifaari (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Four →

Hazrat Abu Zar Ghifaari (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Five

This entry is part 5 of 14 in the series Life of Hadhrat Abu Zar (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Abu ZarHazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) Advises the Commander of the Army to Uphold Justice

Imaam Bayhaqi (rahimahullah) narrates:

When Hazrat Yazid bin Abi Sufyaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was governor over Shaam, the people engaged in Jihaad and acquired booty and were victorious. Among the spoils of war was a beautiful slave girl who fell into the share of one of the Muslims. Shortly after, Hazrat Yazid bin Abi Sufyaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), the commander of the army, had taken this slave girl for himself from the soldier in whose share she had fallen. Hazrat Abu Zar Ghifaari (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was in Shaam at that time and this soldier went to him and sought his assistance in recovering his slave girl from Hazrat Yazid bin Abi Sufyaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) thus went to Hazrat Yazid bin Abi Sufyaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) with the man and thrice instructed Hazrat Yazid bin Abi Sufyaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) to return the slave girl to him. Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) thereafter said, “Alas! By Allah! If you take the slave girl from this soldier unjustly then know that I have heard Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) saying, ‘The first person to change my blessed Sunnah will be a man from Banu Umayyah.’” Saying this, Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) turned and began to walk away. Hazrat Yazid bin Abi Sufyaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) quickly followed him and asked, “I beg you in the name of Allah! Tell me, do you think that I will be the person who is referred to in this hadith?” Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “No.” after which Hazrat Yazid bin Abi Sufyaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) returned the slave girl to the man.

After narrating the above incident, Imaam Bayhaqi (rahimahullah) mentioned, “Hazrat Yazid bin Abi Sufyaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), the Sahaabi of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), was the leader of the armies of Shaam in the era of Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). When Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) referred to a person from Banu Umayyah changing his blessed Sunnah, Hazrat Yazid bin Abi Sufyaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) is not intended (as he was a Sahaabi of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and led an upright life conforming to the Sunnah). However, Imaam Bayhaqi (rahimahullah) further explains that there was another person from the Banu Umayyah who shared the same name. He was Yazid bin Mu‘aawiyah, the son of Hazrat Mu‘aawiyah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and it seems that he was the one referred to in the Hadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Yazid, the son of Hazrat Mu‘aawiyah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), was responsible for the great damage which befell Islam during the rule of the Banu Umayyah.

(Dalaa’il-un-Nubuwwah 6/410)