Sunnats and Aadaab of Greeting (Salaam) – Part 4

Salaam1. If one is greeted with salaam,  it is waajib for one to reply to the salaam.

2. When replying to the salaam, it is permissible for one to reply equally to the greeting received. However, if one increases the words in the greeting, it will be better and more rewarding  E.g. If one was greeted with the words “Assalaamu Alaikum”, then one may reply by saying “Wa alaikumus Salaam”. However, it is better and more rewarding for one to say “Wa Alaikumus Salaam Wa Rahmatullah” or  “Wa Alaikumus Salaam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa barakaatuhu.”

وَإِذا حُيّيتُم بِتَحِيَّةٍ فَحَيّوا بِأَحسَنَ مِنها أَو رُدّوها

And when you are greeted with a greeting, then greet better than it or return it (in a like manner).

عن علي – يعني ابن أبي طالب – قال : دخلت المسجد فإذا أنا بالنبي صلى الله عليه و سلم في عصبة من أصحابه فقلت : السلام عليكم . فقال : وعليكم السلام ورحمة الله عشرون لي وعشر لك . قال : فدخلت الثانية فقلت : السلام عليكم ورحمة الله . فقال: وعليك السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته ثلاثون لي وعشرون لك. فدخلت الثالثة فقلت : السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته . فقال : وعليك السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته ثلاثون لي وثلاثون لك . أنا وأنت يا علي في السلام سواء إنه يا علي ما من رجل مر على مجلس فسلم عليهم إلا كتب الله له عشر حسنات ومحا عنه عشر سيئات ورفع له عشر درجات. (مجمع الزوائد رقم 12735)

Hadhrat Ali (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that on one occasion I entered the Musjid and appeared before Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) while he was seated among a group of Sahaabah. I said: “Assalaamu Alaikum”. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied by saying “Wa Alaikumus Salaam Wa Rahmatullah”, and thereafter Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “You have received ten rewards and I have received twenty rewards (on account of me increasing the words of salaam).” Later on, I entered the presence of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) for a second time. I said: “Assalaam Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah.” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied by saying: “Wa Alaika Salaam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa barakaatuhu”, and thereafter Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “You have received twenty rewards and I have received thirty rewards (on account of me increasing the words of salaam).” On the third occasion when I entered the presence of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), I said: “Assalaam Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wabaraakatuhu.” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied by saying: “Wa Alaika Salaam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa barakaatuhu”, and thereafter Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “You have received thirty rewards and I have received thirty rewards. O Ali, you and I are equal in the rewards of salaam. O Ali, whichever person passes by a gathering, then he makes salaam upon the people present in the gathering, he will receive ten blessings from Allah Ta’ala, ten sins will be wiped out and he will be elevated ten stages in the Hereafter (on account of greeting the people in the gathering).”

 

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part One

Sad bin Abi Waqqaas (Radhiyallahu Anhu)Name: Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqqaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)

Kunyah (agnomen): Abu Ishaaq (Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa vol 3 pg. 58)

Father’s Name: Maalik bin Wuhaib bin ‘Abd Manaaf (Tabaqaat ibn Sa’d vol 3 pg. 101)

Mother’s Name: Hamnah bint Sufyaan bin Umayyah bin ‘Abd Shams (Tabaqaat ibn Sa’d vol 3 pg. 101)

Title: Faaris-ul-Islam (the Horseman of Islam) (Tahzeeb-ul-Kamaal vol. 10 pg. 310)

Islam:

Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) accepted Islam at the age of nineteen. (Istee‘aab vol. 2 pg. 171, Tahzeeb-ul-Kamaal vol. 10 pg. 311)

According to some narrations, Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) accepted Islam at the age of seventeen. (Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa vol. 3 pg. 61)

Family Ties with Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam):

Hazrat Jaabir bin ‘Abdillah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates that Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) once arrived when Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “This is my maternal uncle. Which person can show me a maternal uncle like mine.”

Note: Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) referred to Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) as his maternal uncle (despite him not being the brother of Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)’s respected mother) because Hazrat Sa’d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) hailed from the Banu Zuhrah tribe and the respected mother of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), Hazrat Aaminah, also hailed from the Banu Zuhrah tribe.

(Sunan Tirmizi #3752)

Source: Whatisislam.co.za

Masnoon Surahs to be recited in Witr Salaah

musallah 2Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would recite the following surahs in his witr salaah: Surah Aa’laa in the first rakaat; Surah Kaafiroon in the second rakaat; Surah Ikhlaas in the third rakaat.

عن ابن عباس قال : كان ا لنبي صلى الله عليه و سلم يقرأ في الوتر ب )سبح اسم ربك الأعلى( و )قل يا أيها الكافرون( و )قل هو الله أحد(في ركعة ركعة (ترمذي رقم 462)

Hadhrat ibn Abbaas (Radhiyallahu Anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would recite Surah Aa’laa in the first rakaat, Surah Kaafiroon in the second rakaat and Surah Ikhlaas in the third rakaat of his witr salaah.

The Benchmark of Imaan

benchmarkHazrat Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Daamat Barakaatuhu) mentioned:

Imaan is the foundation of a believer. When the foundation is firm, so too will be the structures erected upon it. There will always be a clash between the demands of imaan and the demands of people, the demands of occasions and gatherings etc. But as Muslims we need to ensure that we always give preference to the demands of imaan over everything else.

What is the benchmark by means of which a person can gauge whether his imaan is on par or not? Allah Ta‘ala mentions in the Quraan Majeed:

فَلا وَرَبِّكَ لا يُؤمِنونَ حَتّى يُحَكِّموكَ فيما شَجَرَ بَينَهُم ثُمَّ لا يَجِدوا فى أَنفُسِهِم حَرَجًا مِمّا قَضَيتَ وَيُسَلِّموا تَسليمًا

“They will not be true believers until they make you (Nabi sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) the judge to decide over all their affairs, and thereafter they do not have any reservations within their hearts and accept (your decision) wholeheartedly.”

The teachings and instructions of Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) should serve as final and one should not have reservations and complaints regarding any aspect of deen.

Fabricating Lies and Attributing it to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

وعن المغيرة قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول إن كذبا علي ليس ككذب على أحد فمن كذب علي متعمدا فليتبوأ مقعده من النار رواه مسلم وغيره  (الترغيب والترهيب 1/146)

Hadhrat Mugheerah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Indeed fabricating a lie and attributing it to me (is so serious that it) is not like fabricating a lie and attributing it to anyone else. Thus the one who lies against me intentionally, then he should prepare his abode in Jahannum.”