Sunnats and Aadaab of the Musjid – Part 3

Quba1. One should be dressed correctly when coming to the Musjid.

قال الله تعالى: يَا بَنِي آدَمَ خُذُواْ زِينَتَكُمْ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسْجِدٍ (الأعراف)

O children of Aadam, take your adornment at the place of sajdah (i.e. when performing salaah)

عن نافع أن بن عمر رضي الله عنهما كساه وهو غلام فدخل المسجد فوجده يصلى متوشحا فقال أليس لك ثوبان قال بلى قال أرأيت لو استعنت بك وراء الدار أكنت لابسهما قال نعم قال فالله أحق أن تزين له أم الناس قال نافع بل الله فأخبره عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم أو عن عمر رضي الله عنه قال نافع قد استيقنت أنه عن أحدهما وما أراه إلا عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال لا يشتمل أحدكم في الصلاة اشتمال اليهود من كان له ثوبان فليتزر وليرتدي ومن لم يكن له ثوبان فليتزر ثم ليصل  (شرح معاني الآثار ، باب الصلاة في الثوب الواحد 1/259 رقم 2214) هذا حديث صحيح رواه الطحاوي و عبد الرزاق وقال العيني في نخب الافكار 4/ 2 رجال السند كلهم ثقات)

It is reported from Naafi that once Hadhrat Abdullah ibn Umar (Radiyallahu Anhuma) gave him some clothing to wear. He was a slave of Hadhrat Abdullah bin Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu). When Hadhrat Abdullah bin Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu) entered the Musjid, he saw him performing salaah with one cloth covering his body. Hadhrat Abdullah bin Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu) asked him (after salaah): “Don’t you have two pieces of clothing with which you can cover yourself during salaah?” He said: “Yes, I do have.” Hadhrat Abdullah bin Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu) then told him: “Had I to seek assistance from you to assist me for some work and you had been with me behind the house, would you have worn the two pieces of clothing in my presence (and refrained from wearing one)?” He said: “Certainly (out of respect for you) I would have worn two pieces of clothing.” Hadhrat Abdullah ibn Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu) then asked him: “Is Allah Ta’ala more worthy of being shown repect or people? Naafi said: “Certainly Allah Ta’ala is more worthy that respect be shown to him.” Hadhrat Abdullah bin Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu) then narrated the Hadith from either his father or from Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Naafi says that I think it was from Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: When anyone of you performs salaah, h should not dress like the Jews wearing one cloth tightened fastly around his body. The one who possesses two cloths, then he should use one as a lower garment and one as an upper garment. If one does not possess two cloths, then he should use the one as a lower garment and perform salaah.”

 

2. Make the intention of I’tikaaf for as long as one will remain in the Musjid.

عن ابن عباس  الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال في المعتكف  هو يعتكف الذنوب ويجري له من الحسنات كعامل الحسنات كلها (ابن ماجة رقم 2108)

Hadhrat ibn Abbaas (Radhiallahu Anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said regarding the one sitting in I’tikaaf: “The mu’takif (the one remaining in the Musjid) stays away from committing sins, and every moment he receives the reward for carrying out the various forms of ibaadat that he would have been able to carry out had he not been in the state of I’tikaaf.

 

3. Upon entering the Musjid, one should make salaam to those in the Musjid on condition that they are not engaged in any ibaadat. However, if people are engaged in salaah, then one should not make salaam.[1] 

4. Perform two rakaats of Tahiyyatul Musjid upon entering, as long as it is not the makrooh time for performing salaah.

عن أبي قتادة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: إذا دخل أحدكم المسجد فليركع ركعتين قبل أن يجلس (بخاري رقم 444)

Hadhrat Abu Qataadah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “When anyone of you enters the Musjid, then he should perform two rakaats of salaah before he sits down.”

 

[1] ذكر الفقيه رحمه الله تعالى في التنبيه حرمة المسجد خمسة عشر أولها أن يسلم وقت الدخول إذا كان القوم جلوسا غير مشغولين بدرس ولا بذكر فإن لم يكن فيه أحد أو كانوا في الصلاة فيقول السلام علينا من ربنا وعلى عباد الله الصالحين (الهندية 5/321)

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