Sunnats and Aadaab of the Musjid – Part 2

Quba1. One should proceed to the Musjid calmly. One should not run to the Musjid.

عن أبي هريرة قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول إذا أقيمت الصلاة فلا تأتوها تسعون وأتوها تمشون عليكم السكينة فما أدركتم فصلوا وما فاتكم فأتموا (بخاري رقم 908)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that I heard Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) say: “When the iqaamat is called out for salaah, then do not proceed towards the salaah whilst you are running, rather come walking with ease and tranquillity. Whatever portion of the salaah you perform with the imam, then perform it; and whatever you missed out, then complete it (i.e. after the Imaam completes the salaah).”

عن كعب بن عجرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: إذا توضأ أحدكم فأحسن وضوءه، ثم خرج عامدا إلى المسجد فلا يشبكن بين أصابعه، فإنه في صلاة. (ترمذي رقم 386)

Hadhrat Ka’b bin Ujrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “When anyone of you performs his wudhu in the proper manner, and thereafter proceeds to the Musjid, then he should not intertwine his fingers (i.e. he should observe the etiquettes of salaah. As though) he is already in salaah.” (i.e. when he has began receiving the reward of a person performing salaah from the time he has set out, then he should observe the etiquettes the salaah) 

 

2. One should not enter the Musjid without wudhu. [1] 

عن أبى هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لا يزال العبد فى صلاة ما كان فى مصلاه ينتظر الصلاة تقول الملائكة اللهم اغفر له اللهم ارحمه حتى ينصرف أو يحدث. فقيل ما يحدث قال يفسو أو يضرط. (ابو داود رقم 471)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “As long as one remains on his musallah awaiting salaah, he receives the reward of one who is in salaah. The angels continue to make duaa for him, ‘O Allah, forgive him, O Allah, have mercy on him’. He continues receiving reward until the time he leaves the Musjid or breaks his wudhu (in the Musjid).” A sahaabi asked: “How does he break his wudhu.” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “Through passing wind.”

 

3. Apply itr before coming to the Musjid.

عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال غسل يوم الجمعة على كل محتلم وسواك ويمس من الطيب ما قدر عليه (مسلم رقم 847)

Hadhrat Abu Sa’eed Khudri (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: ““Every baaligh person should perform ghusal on the day of Jum’uah, make miswaak and apply any ‘itr that he is able to apply.”

4. Remove any foul smell from one’s body, clothing or mouth before entering the Musjid. E.g. After eating onions.

عن جابر رضي الله عنه قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : من أكل من هذه الشجرة المنتنة فلا يقربن مسجدنا فإن الملائكة تتأذى مما يتأذى منه الإنس (مسلم رقم 564)

Hadhrat Jaabir (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Whoever eats from this foul-smelling tree, then he should not come close to our Musjid, for the angels are inconvenienced through the bad odour of those things which you are inconvenienced through.”

 

[1] تتمة ذكر في الدرر عن التاترخانية أنه يكره دخول المحدث مسجدا من المساجد وطوافه بالكعبة ا هـ وفي القهستاني ولا يدخله من على بدنه نجاسة ثم قال وفي الخزانة وإذا فسا في المسجد لم ير بعضهم به بأسا وقال بعضهم إذا احتاج إليه يخرجه منه وهو الأصح ا هـ (شامي 1/172)

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