لَقَد جاءَكُم رَسولٌ مِن أَنفَسِكُم
“Verily a messenger has come to you from the best amongst yourselves….”
Hazrat Anas (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) recited the above verse with a Fat-hah on the فاء of the word أنفسكم. In other words, verily a prophet of Allah has come to you from amongst the most superior, noble and virtuous of you (your tribes). After reciting this verse, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “I am the most noble and superior of you in family lineage. From the time of Aadam (‘alaihis salaam) right up to me, there was no adultery. All of our ancestors were born in wedlock.”
When the Roman emperor enquired from Abu Sufyaan regarding the family lineage of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), he asked, “What is his family like amongst you?” Abu Sufyaan replied, “He has the most prominent lineage amongst us.”
On hearing the response of Abu Sufyaan, the Roman emperor remarked:
و كذلك الرسل تبعث في أحساب قومها
“Similar are all the prophets. They are sent forth from the most distinguished families of their nations.”
The golden lineage of our holy Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), both paternal and maternal, is the most noble and dignified lineage of all the diverse family lineages of the world.
His paternal lineage is recorded as follows:
Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdul Muttalib bin Haashim bin ‘Abdu Manaaf bin Qusayy bin Kilaab bin Murrah bin Ka‘b bin Luwayy bin Ghaalib bin Fihr bin Maalik bin Nadhr bin Kinaanah bin Khuzaimah bin Mudrikah bin Ilyaas bin Mudhar bin Nizaar bin Ma‘ad bin ‘Adnaan.
The maternal lineage of Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) is as follows:
Muhammad bin Aaminah bint Wahab bin ‘Abdu Manaaf bin Zuhrah bin Kilaab bin Murrah.
The paternal and maternal lineages of Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) meet at Kilaab bin Murrah.
(Extracted from Seeratul Mustafa 1/13-19)