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The Virtues of Knowledge and Ulama

Showing Honour to the Elderly and Mercy to the Young

وعن ابن عباس عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال ليس منا من لم يوقر الكبير ويرحم الصغير ويأمر بالمعروف وينه عن المنكر رواه أحمد والترمذي وابن حبان في صحيحه (الترغيب والترهيب 1/149)

Hadhrat Abdullah ibn Abbaas (Radhiyallahu Anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “That person is not from amongst us (i.e. from among those who follow our way) who does not honour the elderly, and does not show mercy to the young, and does not command good and forbid evil.”

Barakah (blessings) lies with Your Elders

وعن ابن عباس أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال البركة مع أكابركم  رواه الطبراني في الأوسط والحاكم وقال صحيح على شرط مسلم (الترغيب والترهيب 1/148)

Hadhrat Abdullah ibn Abbaas (Radhiyallahu Anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Barakah (blessings) lies with your elders.” (i.e. in acquiring ilm from them, respecting them and emulating them in matters of Deen). 

Respect for an Aged Muslim, a Haafiz and a Just Ruler

وعن أبي موسى رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال إن من إجلال الله إكرام ذي الشيبة المسلم وحامل القرآن غير الغالي فيه ولا الجافي عنه وإكرام ذي السلطان المقسط رواه أبو داود (الترغيب والترهيب 1/148)

Hadhrat Abu Musa (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Indeed it is part of showing respect to Allah Ta’ala that one respects an aged Muslim; and a Haafiz of the Qur’an,  such a Haafiz who adheres to the Qur’an and does not commit excesses in it (i.e. he does not recite incorrectly nor for show and he adheres to the teaching of the Qur’an), nor does he turn away from it (by neglecting its recitation and not practicing upon it), and (it is part of showing respect to Allah Ta’ala) that one shows respect to a just ruler.” 

Showing Respect to the One who Memorized more Qur’an

عن جابر رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم كان يجمع بين الرجلين من قتلى أحد يعني في القبر ثم يقول أيهما أكثر أخذا للقرآن فإذا أشير إلى أحدهما قدمه في اللحد  رواه البخاري (الترغيب والترهيب 1/148)

Hadhrat Jaabir (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that (after the battle of Uhud was fought and there were many martyrs), Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would bury two Sahaabah from amongst the martyrs of Uhud in one grave. (Before burying them), he would ask (the Sahaabah) as to which of the two had memorized more of the Qur’an? When one of the two were pointed out, he would (lower him first and) allow him to be in front in the incised grave (i.e. Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would allow him to be in front of the other person and allow him to be closer to the Qiblah. In this way, Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) honoured him on account of him having more knowledge of the Qur’an).

Three Qualities to seek in a Friend

وعن ابن عباس قال قيل يا رسول الله أي جلسائنا خير قال من ذكركم الله رؤيته وزاد في علمكم منطقه وذكركم بالآخرة عمله رواه أبو يعلى ورواته رواة الصحيح إلا مبارك بن حسان (الترغيب والترهيب 1/147)

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Abbaas (Radhiyallahu Anhuma) reports that on one occasion Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was asked: “Which person is the best to be taken as an associate (and friend)?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “The one who, whenever you see him, you are reminded of Allah Ta’ala; the one who, when he speaks, his speech causes your knowledge and understanding of Deen to increase; and the one whose actions creates the awareness and reminds you of the Aakhirat.”