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Hadith

The Four Types of People in the World

This entry is part 22 of 23 in the series Ikhlaas - Sincerity in all Actions

عن أبي كبشة الأنماري رضي الله عنه أنه سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول ثلاث أقسم عليهن وأحدثكم حديثا فاحفظوه  قال ما نقص مال عبد من صدقة ولا ظلم عبد مظلمة صبر عليها إلا زاده الله عزا ولا فتح عبد باب مسألة إلا فتح الله عليه باب فقر أو كلمة نحوها وأحدثكم حديثا فاحفظوه قال إنما الدنيا لاربعة نفر عبد رزقه الله مالا وعلما فهو يتقي فيه ربه ويصل فيه رحمه ويعلم لله فيه حقا فهذا بأفضل المنازل وعبد رزقه الله علما ولم يرزقه مالا فهو صادق النية يقول لو أن لي مالا لعملت بعمل فلان فهو بنيته فأجرهما سواء وعبد رزقه الله مالا ولم يرزقه علما يخبط في ماله بغير علم ولا يتقي فيه ربه ولا يصل فيه رحمه ولا يعلم لله فيه حقا فهذا بأخبث المنازل وعبد لم يرزقه الله مالا ولا علما فهو يقول لو أن لي مالا لعملت فيه بعمل فلان فهو بنيته فوزرهما سواء رواه أحمد والترمذي واللفظ له وقال حديث حسن صحيح (الترغيب و الترهيب 1/66)

Hadhrat Abu Kabsha (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) say: “I take a qasm upon three things, and in this regard I will narrate a hadith to you, so remember it.” He then said: “Through discharging sadaqah, one’s wealth does not decrease. The one who exercises patience upon the oppression done against him, Allah Ta’ala will grant him respect and honour. Whenever a servant opens the door of begging (from the creation), Allah Ta’ala opens the door of want and poverty for him.”

I will narrate to you a hadith, so remember it. The world contains four types of people. The first person is he who Allah Ta’ala blessed with wealth and knowledge (Deeni knowledge). In regard to the use of the wealth he fears Allah Ta’ala and he uses it to maintain family ties, and he is mindful of the rights of Allah Ta’ala in his wealth. This is the most virtuous person and greatest in rank.  The second person is he who Allah Ta’ala blessed with knowledge (Deeni knowledge) but did not grant him wealth. However on account of him possessing a sincere heart, he expresses the intention (with firm determination) before Allah Ta’ala that had he possessed wealth he would have surely carried out deeds of generosity as the first person carried out. Thus he will receive reward based on his intention, and he and the first person will both be equal in (receiving) reward. The third person is he whom Allah Ta’ala gave wealth, however He did not bless him with knowledge (Deeni knowledge). He squanders his wealth ignorantly, and does not fear Allah Ta’ala regarding his wealth, nor does he use the wealth to maintain family ties, nor is he mindful of the rights of Allah Ta’ala in his wealth. This person is the most despicable and the worst in rank. The forth person is he whom Allah Ta’ala did not bestow him with wealth or knowledge. He says (and desires within his heart with full determination) that had he possessed wealth, then he would have surely carried out evil deeds as the third person carried out. Thus he will receive sin based on his intention (i.e. due to his determination upon carrying out sin, he will be sinful in the court of Allah Ta’ala), and he and the third person will both be equal in (receiving) sin.

Forty Durood – Durood 10

This entry is part 10 of 40 in the series Forty Durood

green domeاﻟﻠﻬُﻢﱠ ﺻَﻞﱢ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﻣُﺤَﻤﱠﺪٍ وﱠﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺁلِ ﻣُﺤَﻤﱠﺪٍ كَمَا ﺻَﻠﱠﻴـْﺖَ ﻋَﻠَﻰ إِﺑـْﺮَاهِيمَ إِﻧﱠﻚَ ﺣَﻤِﻴْﺪٌ ﻣَﺠِﻴْﺪٌ، اﻟﻠﻬُﻢﱠ ﺑَﺎرِكْ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﻣُﺤَﻤﱠﺪٍ وﱠﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺁلِ ﻣُﺤَﻤﱠﺪٍ كَمَا ﺑَﺎرَكْتَ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺁلِ إِﺑـْﺮَاهِيمَ إِﻧﱠﻚَ ﺣَﻤِﻴْﺪٌ ﻣَﺠِﻴْﺪٌ

O Allah, shower Your mercy upon Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and the family of Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), as You showered Your mercy upon Hadhrat Ebrahim (Alaihis Salaam). Indeed You are praiseworthy and most glorious. O Allah, shower Your blessings upon Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and the family of Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), as You showered Your blessings upon the family of Hadhrat Ebrahim (Alaihis Salaam). Indeed You are praiseworthy and most glorious.

Hadhrat Ibn Amr (Radhiallahu Anhu) Burns His Sheet.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Amr ibnul Aas (Radhiallahu Anhu) says: “Once we were accompanying Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) on a journey. I went to see him and I was wearing a saffron coloured sheet. He asked me, 'What is this that you are wearing?' I felt that he did not like my wearing a  cloth of that colour. When I reached home, I found a fire burning. I threw my garment into the fire. The next day when I went to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), he inquired, ‘where is that sheet?' I told him what I had done with it. He remarked, "You could have given it to one of the ladies in your house. Women are permitted to wear clothes of that colour."

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Amr ibnul Aas (Radhiallahu Anhu) was so much perturbed at Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam's) displeasure that he did not hesitate to avail of the first opportunity of doing away with the sheet that caused the displeasure. He did not even think of making any other use of that garment. If we had been in his place, we would have thought of some excuse or the other for keeping it, or at least finding some other use for it. (Fazaail Aamaal)

يَا رَبِّ صَلِّ وَ سَلِّمْ دَائِمًا أَبَدًا عَلَى حَبِيبِكَ خَيرِ الخَلْقِ كُلِّهِمِ

Sadaqah Given with Ikhlaas

This entry is part 21 of 23 in the series Ikhlaas - Sincerity in all Actions

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال قال رجل لأتصدقن الليلة بصدقة فخرج بصدقته فوضعها في يد سارق فأصبحوا يتحدثون تصدق الليلة على سارق فقال اللهم لك الحمد على سارق لأتصدقن بصدقة فخرج بصدقته فوضعها في يد زانية فأصبحوا يتحدثون تصدق الليلة على زانية فقال اللهم لك الحمد على زانية لأتصدقن بصدقة فخرج بصدقته فوضعها في يد غني فأصبحوا يتحدثون تصدق الليلة على غني فقال اللهم لك الحمد على سارق وزانية وغني فأتي فقيل له أما صدقتك على سارق فلعله أن يستعف عن سرقته  وأما الزانية فلعلها أن تستعف عن زناها وأما الغني فلعله أن يعتبر فينفق مما أعطاه الله  رواه البخاري واللفظ له ومسلم والنسائي قالا فيه فقيل له أما صدقتك فقد تقبلت ثم ذكر الحديث  (الترغيب و الترهيب 1/69)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Once there was a person who said: ‘Tonight I will most certainly give out some sadaqah.’ He then proceeded to distribute his sadaqah and (unknowingly) placed it in the hands of a thief. The next morning the people began discussing that sadaqah was given the previous night to a thief. When this news reached him, the man then said (in shock and surprise): ‘O Allah, to You belongs all praise. (However my sadaqah) had went into the hands of a thief. The man then resolved to give sadaqah once again on the second night.  He then proceeded to distribute his sadaqah and (unknowingly) placed it in the hands of an immoral woman. The next morning the people began discussing that sadaqah was given the previous night to an immoral woman. When this news reached him, the man then said (in shock and surprise): ‘O Allah, to You belongs all praise. (However my sadaqah) had went into the hands of an immoral woman. The man then resolved to give sadaqah once more on the third night.  He then proceeded to distribute his sadaqah and (unknowingly) placed it in the hands of a rich person. The next morning the people began discussing that sadaqah was given the previous night to a rich man. When the man heard of this, he said (in shock and surprise): ‘O Allah, to You belongs all praise, despite the fact that my sadaqah had reached the hands of a thief, an immoral woman and a rich person (during the previous three nights).’ The man then saw a dream wherein he was informed that (on account of your ikhlaas in discharging the sadaqah on those three nights, the outcome of the ikhlaas was that): ‘The sadaqah you gave to the thief, (then that sadaqah) became a means of preventing him from stealing. The sadaqah you gave to the immoral woman, (then that sadaqah) became a means of preventing her from her immorality. The sadaqah you gave to the rich man, (then that sadaqah) became a means of him taking lesson, and also spending from the wealth which Allah Ta’ala had bestowed upon him.

Forty Durood – Durood 9

This entry is part 9 of 40 in the series Forty Durood

green domeاﻟﻠﻬُﻢﱠ ﺻَﻞﱢ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﻣُﺤَﻤﱠﺪٍ وﱠﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺁلِ ﻣُﺤَﻤﱠﺪٍ كَمَا ﺻَﻠﱠﻴـْﺖَ ﻋَﻠَﻰ إِﺑـْﺮَاهِﻴْﻢَ وَ ﺑَﺎرِكْ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﻣُﺤَﻤﱠﺪٍ وﱠﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺁلِ ﻣُﺤَﻤﱠﺪٍ كَمَا ﺑَﺎرَكْتَ ﻋَﻠَﻰ إِﺑـْﺮَاهِﻴْﻢَ إِﻧﱠﻚَ ﺣَﻤِﻴْﺪٌ ﻣَﺠِﻴْﺪٌ  

O Allah, shower Your mercy upon Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and the family of Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), as You showered Your mercy upon Hadhrat Ebrahim (Alaihis Salaam), and shower Your blessings upon Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and the family of Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), as You showered Your blessings upon Hadhrat Ebrahim (Alaihis Salaam). Indeed You are praiseworthy and most glorious.

Ayoob Sakhtiyaani (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) at the Raudha Mubaarak

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubaarak (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) says that I heard Imaam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) say: “When Ayoob Sakhtiyaani (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) was in Madinah Tayyiba, I was also present and I watched to see how he was going to present his salaam to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). I saw him facing the grave with his back towards the Qiblah. He was standing there without saying a word, rather he just cried and cried. (Fazaail Madina)

يَا رَبِّ صَلِّ وَ سَلِّمْ دَائِمًا أَبَدًا عَلَى حَبِيبِكَ خَيرِ الخَلْقِ كُلِّهِمِ

The Successful Person

This entry is part 20 of 23 in the series Ikhlaas - Sincerity in all Actions

عن أبي ذر رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال قد أفلح من أخلص قلبه للإيمان وجعل قلبه سليما ولسانه صادقا ونفسه مطمئنة وخليقته مستقيمة وجعل أذنه مستمعة وعينه ناظرة فأما الأذن فقمع والعين مقرة بما يوعي القلب وقد أفلح من جعل قلبه واعيا  رواه أحمد والبيهقي وفي إسناد أحمد احتمال للتحسين (الترغيب و الترهيب 1/63)

Hadhrat Abu Zar (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Successful is the one whose heart is filled solely with Imaan, and he keeps his heart clean (from all types of sins relating to the heart e.g. malice, jealousy, hatred, evil thoughts etc.) and he keeps his tongue truthful (in his speech, promises, commitments etc) and his soul is at every moment pleased (with Allah Ta’ala and always remembering Him) and his disposition and nature remains completely balanced (in all situations i.e. not inclined towards either extreme exceeding the bounds of Shariah nor falling short in fulfilling the commands of Shariah), and he keeps his ears attentive (towards the truth) and his eyes focused (towards the truth). As far as the ear is concerned, it is a funnel through which things are filtered through, and the heart takes in what the eyes see. Indeed the one who has made his heart the protector of all good is successful.