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Hadith

Shamaail – Hadith 2

This entry is part 2 of 6 in the series Shamaail

Musjid Minaretعن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه قال: كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ربعة ، ليس بالطويل ولا بالقصير ، حسن الجسم ، وكان شعره ليس بجعد ولا سبط أسمر اللون ، إذا مشى يتكفأ.

Hadhrat Anas (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports: “Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was of a medium stature. He was neither very tall nor short. He was very handsome of medium built and his hair was neither very curly nor very straight (but slightly curly and wavy). He had a wheat-coloured complexion. When he walked, he leaned forward slightly.

Commentary

In this Hadith, Hadhrat Anas (Radiyallahu Anhu) states that the complexion of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was wheat coloured. In the previous hadith, also narrated by Hadhrat Anas (Radiyallahu Anhu), he states that Sayyiduna Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) did not have a wheat-coloured complexion (as explained in the translation of the previous Hadith). In reality there is no contradiction between these two Ahaadith. Instead, the essence of both Ahaadith is that Sayyiduna Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)’s complexion did not contain within it a deep wheat-colour which is inclining towards darkness and which would cause the beauty and fairness to decrease. Rather, he was extremely fair in complexion with extraordinary beauty with a slight tinge of wheat-colour within it.

In this Hadith, the word   يتكفأ is used in describing the mubaarak manner in which Sayyiduna Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) walked. The ulama translate this word in several ways. Some say it means to walk in a fast pace. Others are of the opinion that it means to lean a bit forward while walking. Yet others say that it means to lift up one’s legs while walking (and not drag it). All three translations are correct because the mubaarak walk of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) contained all three descriptions and the word يتكفأ also conveys these three meanings. Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) walked quickly and not like some men who adopt the walk of women. It was also the noble habit of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) to walk in a way of humility with his head and shoulders leaning slightly forward. He did not walk with his chest pushed out in pride. He lifted his legs as men do while walking and did not drag his legs on the ground.   

يَا رَبِّ صَلِّ وَ سَلِّمْ دَائِمًا أَبَدًا عَلَى حَبِيبِكَ خَيرِ الخَلْقِ كُلِّهِمِ

Hold Firmly to the Sunnah

عن العرباض بن سارية رضي الله عنه قال وعظنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم موعظة وجلت منها القلوب وذرفت منها العيون فقلنا يا رسول الله كأنها موعظة مودع فأوصنا  قال أوصيكم بتقوى الله والسمع والطاعة وإن تأمر عليكم عبد وإنه من يعش منكم فسيرى اختلافا كثيرا فعليكم بسنتي وسنة الخلفاء الراشدين المهديين عضوا عليها بالنواجذ وإياكم ومحدثات الأمور فإن كل بدعة ضلالة  رواه أبو داود والترمذي وابن ماجه وابن حبان في صحيحه وقال الترمذي حديث حسن صحيح (الترغيب والترهيب 1/94)

Hadhrat Irbaadh bin Saariyah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that on one occasion Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) delivered a sermon before us in such a manner that (our) hearts were filled with fear and (our) eyes flowed with tears. We said, “O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), you advised us in a manner as though it was the parting advices of the one who is about to depart from the world, so command us (with something that will benefit us).” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “I command you to adopt taqwa (in your lives), and to listen and to obey (the one appointed to lead you) even if a slave is appointed as the leader over you. Certainly those who remain from you (after my demise) shall soon witness many differences (among yourselves), hence firmly hold on to my mubaarak sunnah (way) and the sunnah (way) of the rightly-guided Khulafaa. Bite onto it with your molars (i.e.  Firmly hold onto my way and the way of my Khulafaa). Save yourself from innovations, for indeed every bid’ah is misguidance.” 

Chapter on the Noble Features of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

This entry is part 3 of 6 in the series Shamaail

Musjid MinaretThe author has quoted in this chapter those Ahaadith that have been narrated on the noble features of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). It is impossible to accurately describe the actual beauty and elegance of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). To capture and describe in words his appearance is beyond one’s capability, but the Sahaabah (Radiyallahu Anhum) have endeavoured, according to their capabilities, to preserve what little they could, of which some is written here. Qurtubi (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) writes: “The full beauty and elegance of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has not been made manifest to the people of this world, otherwise it would not have been possible for man to look at him.” The Sahaabah (Radiyallahu Anhum) have one the ummah an immense favour by conveying to them the perfect attributes, qualities and knowledge of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), as well as explained to them his apparent beauty and grandeur. When an unfulfilled lover is deprived of meeting the beloved, then he stands in front of the beloved’s house remembering the features of his beloved, in an attempt to gain some solace. It is from habits and features that the heart is appeased.

Imaam Tirmizi (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) has collected about 400 Ahaadith and divided them into 55 chapters. In the first chapter, 14 Ahaadith are quoted.

عن أنس رضي الله عنه قال: كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم ليس بالطويل البائن ولا بالقصير ولا بالأبيض الأمهق ولا بالآدم ولا بالجعد القطط ولا بالسبط بعثه الله على رأس أربعين سنة فأقام بمكة عشر سنين وبالمدينة عشرا وتوفاه الله على رأس ستين سنة وليس في رأسه ولحيته عشرون شعرة بيضاء.  قال أبو عيسى هذا حديث حسن صحيح

Hadhrat Anas (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports: Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was neither very tall nor was he short (like a dwarf or midget). In complexion he was neither extremely white (like lime), nor wheat brown (or so brown inclining towards a dark complexion). Rather Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)’s mubaarak countenance and body was full of noor (illumination), even more than the noor of the 14th moon). The hair of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was neither very straight nor very curly (but slightly curly and wavy). When he reached the age of forty, Allah Ta’ala granted him nubuwwah. He lived in Makkah Mukarramah for ten years (the complete explanation will be given in the commentary), and in Madinah Munawwarah for ten years. He passed away at the age of sixty. At that time there was not even twenty strands of white hair on his mubaarak hair and beard.

Commentary

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Forty Durood – Durood 40

This entry is part of 40 in the series Forty Durood

green domeﺑِﺴْﻢِ اﷲِ وَاﻟﺴﱠﻼمُ ﻋَﻠَﻰ رَﺳُﻮْلِ اﷲِ

 I begin in the name of Allah Ta’ala, and may peace descend upon the Messenger of Allah Ta’ala.

Hadhrat Talha (Radhiyallahu Anhu) in the Battle of Uhud

Hadhrat Zubayr bin Awwaam (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) wore two suits of armour on his mubaarak body in the battle of Uhud. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) intended climbing a rock during the battle, but was unable to do so. He therefore requested Hadhrat Talha (Radhiallahu Anhu) to sit, and with his assistance he climbed the rock. Hadhrat Zubayr (Radhiallahu Anhu) says that I heard Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) say: “It has become waajib for Talha. (i.e. Jannah or the intercession of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).”

In the battle of Uhud, Hadhrat Talha (Radhiallahu Anhu) very bravely accompanied and protected Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Whenever the Sahaabah discussed the battle of Uhud, they would say that this day belonged to Hadhrat Talha (Radhiallahu Anhu). Hadhrat Talha (Radhiallahu Anhu) shielded Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) with his body. He received more than eighty wounds on his body, yet he did not leave the side of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), even though his hand had become paralyzed. (Shamaail Tirmizi with Khasaail Nabawi)

أَحسن منكَ لَم تَرَ قَطُّ عَينِي                وَأجْمَل مِنْكَ لَمْ تَلِدِ النّسَاءُ

خُلِقْتَ مُبَرَّأً مِنْ كُلّ عَيبٍ                     كَأَنّكَ قَدْ خُلِقْتَ كَمَا تَشَاءُ 

Better than you no eye has ever seen, More beautiful than you no woman has given birth to

You have been created free from any defect, As if you were created like how you desired.

يَا رَبِّ صَلِّ وَ سَلِّمْ دَائِمًا أَبَدًا عَلَى حَبِيبِكَ خَيرِ الخَلْقِ كُلِّهِمِ

Forty Durood – Durood 39

This entry is part 39 of 40 in the series Forty Durood

green domeاَﻟﺘﱠﺤِﻴﱠﺎتُ اﻟْﻤُﺒَﺎرَكَاتُ اﻟﺼﱠﻠَﻮَاتُ اﻟﻄﱠﻴﱢﺒَﺎتُ ﻟِﻠّﻪِ ، اَﻟﺴﱠﻼمُ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻚَ أَﻳــﱡﻬَﺎ اﻟﻨﱠﺒِﻲﱡ وَرَﺣْﻤَﺔُ اﷲِ وَبَركَاﺗُﻪُ، اَﻟﺴﱠﻼمُ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻨَﺎ وَﻋَﻠَﻰ ﻋِﺒَﺎدِ اﷲِ اﻟﺼﱠﺎﻟِﺤِﻴْﻦَ ، أَﺷْﻬَﺪُ أَنْ ﻻﱠ إِﻟَﻪَ إِﻻﱠ اﷲُ وَأَﺷْﻬَﺪُ أَنﱠ ﻣُﺤَﻤﱠﺪًا رﱠﺳُﻮْلُ اﷲِ

All verbal praises that are full of blessings, physical praises and monetary devotions are for Allah Ta’ala. May the special peace of Allah Ta’ala descend upon you, O Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), and Allah’s choicest mercies and blessings. May peace descend upon us and upon all the pious servants of Allah Ta’ala. I bear witness that there is no deity except Allah Ta’ala, and I bear witness that Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) is His servant and messenger.

Travelling for a Single Hadith

Kathir bin Qais narrates: “I was once sitting with Hadhrat Abu Darda (Radhiyallaho anho) in a musjid in Damascus, when a person came to him and said, O Hadhrat Abu Darda (Radhiyallaho anho), I have travelled all the way from Madinah  Tayyibah to acquire one Hadith from you, as I have learnt that you have heard it directly from Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).”

Hadhrat Abu Darda (Radhiyallaho anho) asked: "Do you have any other work in Damascus?" The person replied: "No." (i.e. I have only come to Damascus to acquire the Hadith.) Hadhrat Abu Darda (Radhiyallaho anho) asked again: “Are you sure that you have no other work in Damascus?” The person again replied: “I have come to this place with the sole purpose of learning this Hadith.” Hadhrat Abu Darda (Radhiyallaho anho) then said: “Listen, I have heard Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) saying, ‘Allah Ta’ala eases the way to Paradise for the one who traverses some distance to seek knowledge. The angels spread their wings under his feet, and all the things in the heavens and the earth (even the fish in the water) make duaa to Allah Ta’ala for his forgiveness. The superiority and high rank of a person possessing Deeni knowledge over a person engaged in worship (without having Deeni knowledge) is like the superiority of the moon over the stars. The Ulama are the inheritors of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). The legacy of Ambiyaa (Alaihimus salaam) is neither gold nor silver. Rather, their legacy is the knowledge of Deen. A person who acquires Deeni knowledge has certainly acquired great wealth.”  (Fazaail Aamaal)

يَا رَبِّ صَلِّ وَ سَلِّمْ دَائِمًا أَبَدًا عَلَى حَبِيبِكَ خَيرِ الخَلْقِ كُلِّهِمِ