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Malfoozaat

The Need to Seek Clarification for all Deeni Matters

Hazrat Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Daamat Barakaatuhu) mentioned:

Imaam Shaafi‘ee (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) is reported to have said that it is better to undergo temporary disgrace by asking a question than to remain ignorant.

It is the system of Allah Ta‘ala that there will always be two classes of people; those who know and those who don’t know. It is the duty of those who do not know to ask and enquire. The benefit of asking is that one is clear and confident about what he is doing, while the consequence of not enquiring is that one will always be stormed with doubts and unclarity regarding certain aspects.

We generally confine our queries and questions to matters that relate to our outer-selves, whereas deen applies to the inner-self as well. The Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) would enquire regarding aspects of ikhlaas etc. These are all related to the inner-self. They never felt shy to enquire about any matter.

The Good and Evil Caused through the Tongue

Hazrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyaas (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) once mentioned:

Insaan (the human being) is distinguished from all the other creations of Allah Ta’ala by his tongue (the various forms of communication that lead to progress or retrogress). Hence, he should ensure that he utilizes this tongue in only good and righteousness. However, it sometimes happens that he utilizes his tongue in evil and wrong.

Thus, just as a person can utilize his tongue correctly, by using it for the sake of Allah and Deen, and excel even the angels in righteousness and virtue, he can similarly misuse and abuse his tongue due to which he stoops lower than even the swine, dog and other such filthy beasts.

The Hadith mentions:

وهل يكب الناس في النار على وجوههم أو على مناخرهم إلا حصائد ألسنتهم (جامع الترمذي رقم 2616)

Is there anything that causes people to enter Jahannum, where they will fall on their faces into the fire, more than the harvest of their tongues? (i.e. the evil deeds that they earn through their tongues e.g. lying, slandering, backbiting, carrying tales, etc.)

(Malfoozaat Hazrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyaas (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) pg. 54)

Respecting the Means

Hazrat Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Daamat Barakaatuhu) mentioned:

The favours that we enjoy (irrespective of what type of a favour it may be) come to us via some means. Hence, it is necessary that we respect and honour the means through which we gain the favour. This is what Allah Ta‘ala instructs in the Quraan Shareef.

This applies to all facets of deen, whether in the madaaris, tableegh or khanqah. The more we respect the elders through whom we gained these favours, the more we benefit and progress.

Who should we get our Daughter Married to?

Hazrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) writes:

Nowadays, many youngsters read and study un-Islamic literature in the English language. Many things found in these un-Islamic English books and magazines are contrary to the Islamic beliefs and teachings. Many youngsters do not possess Deeni knowledge and understanding and therefore when they come across these un-Islamic literature, they believe whatever they read, even though it opposes the Islamic beliefs and teachings. Based on the lack of Deeni knowledge, they do not understand that believing in such things causes them to lose their Imaan. At times (being influenced by the wrongs found in these un-Islamic literature, their mindset is affected and) they utter such statements which causes them to come out of the fold of Islam. If a Muslim girl is married to such a person, the nikaah is not considered valid in Shariah as the person she is married to is not a believer (as he subscribes to beliefs that are totally against Islam), although outwardly he may seem to be a believer. If the marriage is not valid, it would mean that their entire lives are spent in sin. The parents will be sinful in this world and will have to face punishment in the hereafter for getting their daughter married to such a person.

It is therefore extremely important and necessary that just as you enquire about the family background and financial position of the boy who proposes for your daughter, it is much more important for you to enquire about the Deeni level and commitment of the boy. If you do not know anything about his beliefs and Deeni commitment, don’t ever give your daughter to him. A poor believer who is committed to his Deen is a thousand times better than a rich person who does not possess Deen. It is also noticed that the person who does not possess Deen does not fulfil the rights of his wife. At times, he will not even give her a cent to spend. When there is no happiness and peace of mind and heart in such a marriage, then of what benefit and good will it be to her that she is married in an affluent family. (Behishti Zewar (Urdu) pg.840)

A life of Da’wat and Sincerity in all Works

Hazrat Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Daamat Barakaatuhu) mentioned:

A Muslim’s entire life is a da’wat (invitation). This is not restricted to any situation; instead every action of his should be a da’wat.

Just as there are conditions for all other ‘ibaadaat and acts of worship, likewise there are conditions for inviting towards Islam. One should not adopt such an approach that would turn people away from Islam. The Quraan Shareef even advises us that in the process of inviting we should not pick on the religions of others, for they will in turn pick on Islam.

Among the most important aspects in inviting to righteousness is sincerity. This is the lesson that we learn from qurbaani. Allah Ta‘ala explains that it is not the meat or the blood that He looks at. Rather, it is the state of taqwa – referring to the state and condition of the heart. With what frame of mind is a person carrying out his ‘ibaadat? Is it being performed solely for the sake of Allah Ta‘ala or not? Whether we are going to sit in the company of some pious person or going for Hajj etc., it should all be for the sake of Allah Ta‘ala. It should not be for merely gaining some barkat.

Sincerity applies to our speech and our manner of dealing with situations as well. Sometimes, we utter certain statements just to gain the attention and favour of our superiors or people.