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Lives of the Sahaabah

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu)’s sufferings for Islam.

This entry is part 3 of 26 in the series Life of Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu)

In the initial stages of Islam, those who embraced Islam had to keep their faith secret as far as possible.  As the Muslims were being constantly persecuted by the Quraysh, even Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) advised all new Muslims to practise Islam secretly, so that they might not have to suffer at the hands of the Quraysh.

When, however, the number of Muslims reached 39, Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) made a suggestion for the open preaching and practicing of Islam.  Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would not agree, but, when Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallaho Anhu) insisted, he gave his consent and so all of them went to the Haram to propagate the deen of Islam. Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallaho Anhu) began to speak, and the Khutbah (sermon) given by him was the first ever delivered in the annals of Islam. Hadhrat Hamzah (Radhiallahu Anhu), the uncle of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and the Chief of Martyrs embraced Islam on that very day, while Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) came into Islam on the third day of this address. No sooner did Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) start speaking than the idolaters and disbelievers from amongst the Quraysh fell upon the Muslims from all sides. Despite the fact that he was considered to be the noblest and most respectable of all the people in Makkah Mukarramah, Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) was beaten to such an extent that his nose, ears and entire face were besmeared  with  blood. He was kicked, thrashed with shoes, trampled under feet and handled most roughly and savagely. He became unconscious and half-dead; none hoped that he would ever survive this brutal onslaught.

 Banu Taim, the people of his clan, came and carried him to his house. They also announced in the Haram that if Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) succumbed to his injuries, they would in retaliation take the life of Utbah bin Rabee'ah, who had taken the most active part in the attack. Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) remained unconscious the entire day. The people around him shouted his name again and again to gauge if he was in his senses, but he would not speak. Late in the evening however, he opened his eyes and showed signs of consciousness. As soon as he was able to speak, he enquired:


Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu)-Accepting Islam

This entry is part 2 of 26 in the series Life of Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu)’s spontaneous response to the invitation of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) once said:

ما دعوت أحدا إلى الإسلام إلا كانت فيه عنده كبوة ونظر وتردد إلا ما كان من أبي بكر بن أبي قحافة ما عتم عنه حين ذكرته له وما تردد فيه

(At the beginning of Islam) Whoever I invited to Islam expressed some reservation and doubt, with the exception of Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu). When I invited him to Islam he readily embraced it, without an iota of doubt and hesitation.

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) was the first adult male to embrace Islam. Thereafter, he became the cause for many Sahaabah entering into the fold of Islam. From amongst them were five Sahaabah from the Ashara Mubash-shara viz. Hadhrat Uthmaan ibn Affaan, Hadhrat Zubair ibnul Awwaam, Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan ibn Auf, Hadhrat Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqaas and Hadhrat Talha ibn Ubaidillah (Radhiallahu Anhum). [1]

Incident regarding his accepting Islam

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (Radhiallahu Anhu) relates: Prior to the advent of Islam, I set out on a journey to Yemen. Along the journey, I came across an old, learned Sheikh from the tribe of Azd. He possessed great knowledge regarding the previous scriptures, and was quite familiar in regard to the ways and mannerisms of the various tribes of people.

Upon seeing me, the following dialogue ensued between us:

 The learned Sheikh: “From your appearance I make out that you are from the residents of the Haram.”

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq: “Yes, I am from the people of the Haram.”

 The learned Sheikh: “It seems like you are from the Quraish tribe.”

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq: “Yes, I am from the Quraish.”

The learned Sheikh: “It seems like you belong to the Banu Taim clan (i.e. from the descendants of Taim ibn Murrah).”

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq: “Yes, I am from the progeny of Taim ibn Murrah. I am Abdullah ibn Uthmaan , from the children of Ka’b ibn Sa’d ibn Taim ibn Murrah.”

The learned Sheikh: “All the signs are evidently witnessed in you, however there is one more sign that has not yet been proven.”


Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu)

This entry is part 1 of 26 in the series Life of Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Name: Abdullah ibn Uthmaan (Abu Quhaafa) [1]

Famously known as: Abu Bakr

Titles: AlAteeq ; As-Siddeeq

Mother’s name: Salmah (Ummul Khair) bint Sakhr

How did he receive the title Al-Ateeq:

Hadhrat Aaisha (Radhiallahu Anha) relates that on one occasion Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu) came to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said to him: انت عتيق من النار (You are Ateeq [the one who has gained emancipation and freedom] from the fire of Jahannum). Thereafter, he became renowned with the title Al-Ateeq.

How did he receive the title As-Siddeeq:

Hadhrat Aaisha (Radhiallahu Anha) reports that on the occasion of Me’raj, when Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was taken by night from Musjid Haraam to Musjid Aqsa (and thereafter to the seven heavens), upon his return he informed the people of Makkah regarding the miraculous journey during the night. The people of Makkah doubted the words of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), and thus began ridiculing him. Some people even reneged from Islam, who previously had believed in Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Nevertheless, when Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu) was informed by certain people (trying to provoke Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu)) regarding what had transpired, he responded by saying: “Indeed I fully testify to what Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has said. When I have believed him in matters which are uncomprehendible and unfathomable to the human mind (i.e. matters relating to the Aakhirat), I believe him night and day regarding the revelation he receives from the unseen, Why should I then doubt him in this matter?” It was after this incident that he received the title As-Siddeeq. [2]

[1] عبد الله بن عثمان بن عامر ابن عمرو بن كعب بن سعد بن تيم بن مرة بن كعب ابن لؤي القرشي التيمي

[2] أسد الغابة

The Lives of the Sahaabah (Radhiallahu Anhum)

Man has been created with a purpose and goal. However, he has the tendency of being affected by the environment and those around him, thus losing sight of his purpose and goal. It is for this reason that Allah Ta’aala sent the Ambiyaa (Alaihimus Salaam) to this world, with the primary mission of connecting the creation to their creator, Allah Ta’aala.  This was also the case for the last of all Ambiyaa, the seal of prohethood, Hadhrat Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), who was sent for this very same purpose. Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) conveyed the message of Allah Ta’aala to the Sahaabah, and the Sahaabah in turn conveyed the message of Islam to the ummah. During his blessed lifetime, Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) personally made a concerted effort on the Sahaabah, developing within them his mubaarak Sunnah (way of life), till the point where each Sahaabi became a mantle of hidaayat (guidance) for the Ummah. Not only did each Sahaabi become a mantle of hidaayat, rather each one of them became a guiding star of Deen.

 In fact, Allah Ta’aala revealed the verses:

            رضي الله عنهم و رضوا عنه

Allah Ta'aala is pleased with them, and they are pleased with Allah Ta'aala

and Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) endorsed each Sahaabi’s completion and perfection in Deen by saying:

أصحابي كالنجوم فبأيهم اقتديتم اهتديتم

My Sahaabah are like guiding stars, whichever of them you follow, you will be rightly guided.

In one Hadith Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam has said:

ان الله اختارني و اختار لي أصحابا

Allah Ta’aala has chosen me (as His final messenger) and chose for my companionship my Sahaabah.

 If one has to study the history of Islam then one will undoubtedly reach this conclusion that it was the nation of Sahaabah that Allah Ta’aala had divinely selected to establish the Deen of Islam in the world. The pillars and the structures of Islam all rest upon the efforts of the Sahaabah. When it came to the preservation of the Quran it was none other than the Sahaabah that were selected for this noble task. When it came to the preservation of the Ahaadith of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), and passing it on to the Taabi’een then again it was the illustrious Sahaabah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) (May Allah Ta’aala be pleased with them). They were responsible for spreading the word, action and spirit of the entire deen of Islam to the Ummah. Hence one can safely say that the Sahaabah are the foundation and basis of this entire Deen of Islam. Minus the Sahaabah, the authenticity and reliability of the Quran and Hadith of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) will be lost. Hence we understand that the Sahaabah played the greatest and most pivotal role in securing and preserving Deen.

Thus it is the duty of the Ummah, that we love the Sahaabah, honour and revere them and educate our children about their lives, their actions and their sacrifices for Deen. Insha Allah, this can serve as a means of acquiring the love of Allah Ta’aala, his Rasul (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and treading upon the path of Deen correctly. In light of this, we have intended to embark upon a study of the personalities and lives of the Sahaabah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). We make du’aa that Allah Ta’aala accept this effort and crown it with divine acceptance.