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Lives of the Sahaabah

Hadhrat Abu Zar Ghifaari (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part One

This entry is part of 14 in the series Life of Hadhrat Abu Zar (Radhiallahu Anhu)

Abu ZarName: Jundub bin Junaadah (Isaabah 7/105, Usdul Ghaabah 1/343)

Appellation: Abu Zar

Mother’s Name: Ramlah bint Al-Waqee‘ah (Usdul Ghaabah 4/436, Istee‘aab 1/321)

Physical Description: He was a tall, thin Sahaabi who was wheat colored in complexion and had a thick beard. (Isaabah 7/107, Siyar A‘laam min Nubalaa 3/379)

Condition before Accepting Islam: Before accepting Islam, Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was a highway-robber. He was so brave and courageous that he would, without any assistance, single handedly rob travelers. He would waylay the caravans that would stop for water in the early morning. He would attack them from horseback or on foot with great speed and talent.

(Siyar A‘laam min Nubalaa 3/373)

Hazrat Abu Zar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) believed in Tauheed (the Oneness of Allah Ta‘ala) prior to the advent of Islam. He had begun worshiping Allah Ta‘ala three years before embracing Islam at the hands of Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).

(Usdul Ghaabah 1/343)

Source: Whatisislam.co.za

Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Seven

This entry is part of 7 in the series Life of Hadhrat Bilaal (Radhiallahu Anhu)

madina minaretCalling out the Azaan in Shaam

Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) once visited Jaabiyah (a place in Shaam) during the period of his Khilaafat. On his arrival, the people approached him and asked him if he would request Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), who was residing in Shaam, to one day call out the azaan for them. Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) put their request to Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) who agreed to one day call out the azaan. The momentous day finally dawned and as the people heard the azaan of Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) they were reminded of the blessed era of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and immediately began to weep. Such was their weeping out of the sadness and grief of being separated from their beloved Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) that Hazrat Aslam (rahimahullah), the freed slave of Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), said, “I never saw people crying more than they did on that day.”

(Siyar A‘laam min Nubalaa 3/222, Zarqaani 5/71)

Returning to Madinah Munawwarah

‘Allaamah Zarqaani (rahimahullah) has quoted the following incident from Haafiz ibn ‘Asaakir (rahimahullah) with a strong chain of narrators:

After Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) settled in Daariyyaa (a place in Shaam), he one night saw a dream in which Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said to him, “O Bilaal! What is this separation? Is it not time for you to visit me?” When Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) awoke from the dream, he was filled with such grief and concern that he immediately mounted his conveyance and set out in the direction of Madinah Munawwarah. When he arrived before the blessed grave of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), he was overcome by his love for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and grief over his separation and thus began to weep excessively. Hazrat Hasan and Hazrat Husain (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) thereafter came to meet him. On seeing them, Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) began to embrace and kiss them out of the love he had for the family of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). They thereafter said to Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), “We desire to hear you call out the azaan as you would call it for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).” Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) thus ascended to a raised place in order to call out the azaan. As Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) commenced the azaan and called out “Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar!” Madinah Munawwarah began to echo with the mubaarak voice of Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). As he continued and called out the next words of the azaan, the echoes in Madinah Munawwarah increased, reaching the people, until the women and children emerged from their homes, crying out of the deep remembrance of the mubaarak era of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Such was the love they had for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) that never before had there been a day after the demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) in which the people of Madinah Munawwarah cried more profusely than that day.

(Zarqaani 5/71)

Humility

Ibn Muraahin (rahimahullah) narrates that people would come to Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and praise him, mentioning the great virtue and abundant good which Allah Ta‘ala had blessed him with. In the face of the lofty praises of all these people, Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) would humbly reply, “I am merely an Abyssinian and I was, just yesterday, a slave.”

(Ibn Sa‘d 3/180)

Statement before Passing Away

Sa‘eed bin ‘Abdul ‘Azeez narrates that when Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was passing away, he exclaimed, “I will tomorrow meet those whom I love, Muhammed (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and his companions!” The wife of Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) then said, “How great my grief (at losing you)!” to which Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “How great my happiness (at meeting Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and the Sahaabah)!”

(Siyar A‘laam min Nubalaa 3/223)

Demise

There are different views narrated regarding the date of Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)’s demise.

Haafiz ibnul Hajar ‘Asqalaani (rahimahullah) has mentioned that he passed away in the 18th year after Hijrah after succumbing to the plague of ‘Amwaas. (Fat-hul Baari 7/125) 

‘Allaamah Zahabi (rahimahullah) has preferred the view that Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) passed away in the 20th year after Hijrah. (Al Kaashif 2/178)

Source: Whatisislam.co.za

Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Six

This entry is part 6 of 7 in the series Life of Hadhrat Bilaal (Radhiallahu Anhu)

madina minaretLeaving Madinah Munawwarah after the Demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam):

There are two views recorded with regards to whether or not Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) remained the mu’azzin of Madinah Munawwarah after the demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).

The First View:

The first view is that Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) did not remain the mu’azzin of Madinah Munawwarah after the demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). After the demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), he felt it difficult to remain in Madinah Munawwarah and thus went to Shaam to engage in Jihaad.

This is the preferred view of ‘Allaamah ibn Katheer (rahimahullah) (Al Bidaayah wan Nihaayah 6/61), ‘Allaamah Suyooti (rahimahullah) (Is‘aaf 751) and 'Allaamah Ibn Hibbaan (rahimahullah) (Thiqaat 1/264)

Hazrat Sa‘eed bin ‘Abdul ‘Azeez (rahimahullah) and Hazrat ibn Jaabir (rahimahullah) both narrate that Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) did not call out the azaan after the demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and intended to leave Madinah Munawwarah to strive in Jihaad. When Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) came to know of this, he asked Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) to remain in Madinah Munawwarah to which Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) responded by requesting, “If you had freed me for the sake of Allah Ta‘ala then please allow me to leave.” Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) relented and allowed Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) to leave. Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) then moved to Shaam.

(Siyar A‘laam min Nubalaa 3/222)

Hazrat Sa‘eed bin Musayyib (rahimahullah) narrates that Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) had once sat on the mimbar on the occasion of jumu‘ah when Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) approached him and asked, “Did you grant me freedom for the sake of Allah Ta‘ala or for your own sake?” Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) instantly replied, “For the sake of Allah Ta‘ala.” Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) responded, “In that case, allow me to leave Madinah Munawwarah so that I may strive in jihad.” Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) permitted Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) to leave after which he went to Shaam which is where he eventually passed away.

(Siyar A‘laam min Nubalaa 3/221)

The Second View:

The second view is that after the demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), during the khilaafat of Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) remained the mu’azzin of Madinah Munawwarah. After the demise of Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), he obtained permission from Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and departed for Syria.

This is the preferred view of ‘Allaamah ibnul Atheer (rahimahullah) (Usdul Ghaabah 1/237) and Haafiz ibnul Hajar ‘Asqalaani (rahimahullah) (Fat-hul Baari 7/125).

When Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) passed away, Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) approached Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) seeking permission to leave Madinah Munawwarah so that he may strive in Jihaad. When he came before Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), he said to him, “O Khalifah of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)! I heard Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) mentioning that the most virtuous action of a believer is waging Jihaad in the path of Allah Ta‘ala.” Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “So what do you wish, O Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)?” Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “I wish to wage Jihaad on the borders of the Islamic lands until I pass away.” On hearing his request, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) pleaded with him saying, “O Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)! I ask you (to remain in Madinah Munawwarah) for the sake of Allah Ta‘ala and for the right which I have over you as I have now aged, I have become weak and my death is close approaching.” Out of respect for the request of Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) remained in Madinah Munawwarah and continued to call out the azaan.

When Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) passed away, Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) approached Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and once again requested to leave Madinah Munawwarah so that he may strive in Jihaad. Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) eventually permitted him to leave and asked him who should be appointed as the mu’azzin of Madinah Munawwarah in his place. Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “Appoint Hazrat Sa‘d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) as he had called out the azaan for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).” Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) thus appointed Hazrat Sa‘d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and his progeny to call out the azaan in Madinah Munawwarah.

(Siyar A‘laam min Nubalaa 3/221, ibn Sa‘d 3/178)

Source: Whatisislam.co.za

Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Five

This entry is part 1 of 7 in the series Life of Hadhrat Bilaal (Radhiallahu Anhu)

madina minaretFirst Mu’azzin in Islam:

‘Allaamah ibnul Atheer (rahimahullah) has mentioned that Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was the first Mu’azzin in Islam. He would call out the azaan for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) while they were on safar (travelling) and while they were in Madinah Munawwarah.

(Usdul Ghaabah 1/237)

The Four Mu’azzins of Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam):

Haafiz ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullah) has recorded that four Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) enjoyed the privilege and honor of being the mu’azzins of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and Hazrat ibn umme Maktoom (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) were the mu’azzins of Madinah Munawwarah. Hazrat Sa‘d Al-Quraz (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), the freed slave of Hazrat ‘Ammaar bin Yaasir (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), was the mu’azzin of Qubaa’ and Hazrat Abu Mahzoorah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was the mu’azzin of Makkah Mukarramah.

(Zaadul Ma‘aad 1/120)

Azaan on the Ka‘bah:

On the occasion of Fat-he Makkah (the Conquest of Makkah), Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) entered the Ka‘bah with Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and Hazrat Usaamah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). The musjid was filled with the Quraish who had formed rows and were watching Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) to see what he was going to do. Other people of the Quraish were watching from the mountain tops around Makkah Mukarramah and some of the eminent personalities of the Quraish had chosen to flee and went into hiding. It was at that juncture that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) instructed Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) to ascend the Ka‘bah and call out the azaan for Zuhr salaah.

When Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) ascended the Ka‘bah to call out the azaan , ‘Attaab bin Aseed, Haarith bin Hishaam, Suhail bin ‘Amr and Abu Sufyaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) were among the Quraish seated in the courtyard around the Ka‘bah. On seeing Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) calling out the azaan, ‘Attaab bin Aseed commented, “Allah has honored my father, Aseed, by taking his life before this day, saving him from hearing the call of the azaan today. Had he been alive and heard this call, he would have been greatly angered.” Haarith bin Hishaam remarked, “By Allah! If I regarded this religion to be true and regarded him to be calling to the truth then I would have followed him.” Haarith, however, also made the following derogatory remark, “Could Muhammed (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) not find anyone to call out the azaan besides this black crow?” Suhail bin ‘Amr said, “If Allah dislikes something, he will change it.” Hazrat Abu Sufyaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) said, “I will not say anything as I fear that these stones will inform Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) of what I said.”

As soon as they had spoken, Hazrat Jibraa’eel (‘alaihis salaam) came to Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and informed him of what they had uttered. Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) therefore called them and said, “I have been informed of the remarks you made.” after which he told each of them the exact remark that he had made. Haarith and ‘Attaab were amazed and immediately accepted Islam exclaiming, “We testify that you are the Rasul of Allah as you have informed us of our secret remarks! There was nobody else with us who could have possibly told you of what we said.”

The following verse of the Qur’aan Al-Kareem was then revealed:

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَـٰكُم مِّن ذَكَرٍ وَأُنثَىٰ وَجَعَلْنَـٰكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَآئِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا  إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِندَ ٱللَّـهِ أَتْقَىٰكُمْ إِنَّ ٱللَّـهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ

O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may recognise each other (not that you may despise each other). Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things). (Surah Hujuraat)

(Tafseer Baghawi 4/195, Ibn Hishaam 4/43, Subulul Hudaa war Rashaad 5/248, Zaadul Ma‘aad 3/358-361)

Source: Whatisislam.co.za

Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Four

This entry is part 2 of 7 in the series Life of Hadhrat Bilaal (Radhiallahu Anhu)

madina minaretTreasurer of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)

Haafiz ibnul Hajar ‘Asqalaani (rahimahullah) has mentioned that Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was the treasurer of Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).

(Isaabah 1/455)

Hazrat ‘Abdullah Al-Hawzani (rahimahullah) mentions that he once met Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) in Halab (a city in Shaam). On meeting Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), he asked him, “O Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)! Tell me of the manner in which Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) would spend wealth for the cause of deen.” Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied:

From the time Allah Ta‘ala deputed him as a Nabi until he left this world, the wealth he possessed was entrusted to me. Whenever a Muslim would come to him and he would notice that he did not have sufficient clothing, he would instruct me to provide clothing for him. I would therefore take a loan through which I would purchase a shawl and whatever else was needed after which I would clothe and feed that person. This continued until, one day, a disbeliever approached me and said, “O Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)! I possess plentiful wealth so don’t go to anybody else when you need a loan.” Accordingly, I commenced going to him for loans and ceased taking loans from other people.

One day, when I had performed wudhu and was now standing, about to call out the azaan for salaah, I saw the same disbeliever nearby amongst a group of traders. When he spotted me, he called out, “O Abyssinian!” and began speaking to me very rudely and harshly. He asked me, “Do you know how long it is until the end of the month?” I replied, “The end of the month is close.” He said, “There are only four nights left! When the month is over, I am going to take you as my slave in exchange of the money you owe me. I have not been loaning you wealth due to you or your companion’s honor. I only gave you loans so that you will become my slave and I will make you graze the goats once again.” When I heard these words, I was alarmed and taken by surprise. Nevertheless, I called out the azaan and we performed Esha salaah.

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