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Imaam Ahmad ibn Hambal (Rahmatullahi Alaihi)


Imaam Ahmad (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) was born in the year 164 A.H., and passed away on the morning of Friday, the 12th of Rabi-ul-Awwal, 241 A.H. at the age of 77. [1]

His Expertise

A reputed Muhaddith, Ebrahim Al-Harbi (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) (d.285 A.H.) says: “I had the opportunity of seeing Imaam Ahmad ibn Hambal (Rahmatullahi Alaihi). It seemed as if his heart was a treasure-chest containing all the knowledge granted to human beings, past and present. He could reveal whatever he saw relevant, and hold back what he did not desire to divulge.” Abu Zur’ah (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) says: “Imaam Ahmad (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) was a Hafiz of one million Ahaadith.” Someone asked: “How do you know?” He said: “I revised with him, and noted the chapters from him.” Imaam Abdurrazzaaq said: “I never saw anyone greater in Fiqh and Wara’ (caution in matters of Deen) than Imaam Ahmad ibn Hambal.”[2]


Imaam Shaafi’ee (Rahmatullahi Alaihi)


Imaam Shaafi’ee’s (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) name was Muhammad ibn Idris. He was born in the year 150 A.H. (the very year Imaam Abu Hanifah passed away) and passed away in the month of Rajab, 204 A.H.[1]

His Expertise

Imaam Ahmad (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) said: “Anyone who used ink and a pen (for the knowledge of Deen) is undoubtedly indebted to Imaam Shaafi’i (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) in some way or the other.” Imaam Ahmad (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) also said: “For forty years I have been supplicating for Imaam Shaafi’ee after Salaah.” Once Imaam Ahmad’s (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) son asked him: “What type of a person was Imaam Shaafi’i? I hear you supplicating for him so much?” He replied: “O my beloved son! Imaam Shaafi’i (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) was like the sun for the world and a safety for the people. Think about it, do these two (bounties) have any substitute?” [2] 


Imaam Maalik (Rahmatullahi Alaihi)


Imaam Maalik (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) was born in the year 95 A.H., and was 15 years younger than Imaam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi Alaihi). He passed away on the 14th of Rabi-ul-Awwal, 179 A.H. [1]

His Expertise

Abu Nu’aim (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) narrates from Abu Mus’ab (Rahmatullahi Alaihi): “I heard Imaam Maalik (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) say: ‘I never passed a Fatwa (verdict) until seventy scholars bore testimony to the fact that I was worthy of issuing Fatwa.”[2]

Allamah Zarqaani states that Imaam Maalik started teaching Hadith at the age of seventeen.[3]

Imaam Maalik (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) said: “I wrote one hundred thousand Ahaadith with my right hand.”[4]

Imaam Shaafi’ee (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) said: “Had it not been for Imaam Maalik and Sufyaan bin Uyaynah (Rahmatullahi Alaihima), the knowledge of Hijaaz (Makkah Mukarramah and Madinah Tayyibah) would have been lost.”[5]

Hammaad bin Salamah says: “If someone had to ask me to appoint a person from whom the ummah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would be able to attain knowledge from, I would regard Imaam Maalik bin Anas to be the most suitable and appropriate person for that task.[6]

Once a person asked Imaam Shaafi’ee, “Did you ever meet anyone like Imaam Maalik (Rahmatullahi Alaihi)?” Imaam Shaafi’ee replied: “I have heard some of those who were more senior than us in age and knowledge saying that they had never seen anyone like Imaam Maalik (Rahmatullahi Alaihi), so how could we have seen someone like him?”[7]

Muthannah bin Saeed mentions that I heard Imaam Maalik say: “There is no night that passes except that I see Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) in a dream.”[8]

Droves of people used to flock to Imaam Maalik (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) to acquire the knowledge of Deen. If someone had seen the crowds of people present at the home of Imaam Maalik (Rahmatullahi Alaihi), he could liken it to the multitudes of people present at the door of the king.[9]


Imaam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi Alaihi)


Imaam Abu Hanifah’s (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) name was Nu’man ibn Thaabit. He was born in the year 80 A.H. and passed away in the year 150 A.H. [1]

Allamah Ibn Katheer (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) (d. 774 A.H.) writes about Imaam Abu Hanifah: “… one of the four Imaams of the mazaahib that are followed. He was the first amongst them in demise, as he had also witnessed the era of the Sahaabah (Radhiyallahu Anhum). He saw Anas ibn Maalik (Radhiyallahu Anhu). It is related that he also met other Sahaabah (Radhiyallahu Anhum) as well. Some even mention that he narrated from seven of the Sahaabah (Radhiyallahu Anhum). And Allah Ta’ala knows best.”

Allamah Zahabi (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) (d. 778 A.H.) states: “He (Imaam Abu Hanifah) met Anas (Radhiyallahu Anhu) on a number of occasions when he visited them in Kufa.” [2]

Piety and Virtues

Allamah Al-Khatib Al-Baghdadi (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) states: “It has been recorded about Imaam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) that he performed Salaatul Fajr and Esha with the same wudhu for forty years … and it is also recorded that he completed seven thousand khatams (complete recitals) of the Quraan in his lifetime (Rahmatullahi Alaihi).” [3] 


Three Unfortunate People

This entry is part 46 of 46 in the series Virtues of Durood and Salaam

dome picعن كعب بن عجرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم احضروا المنبر فحضرنا فلما ارتقى درجة قال آمين فلما ارتقى الدرجة الثانية قال آمين فلما ارتقى الدرجة الثالثة قال آمين فلما نزل قلنا يا رسول الله لقد سمعنا منك اليوم شيئا ما كنا نسمعه قال إن جبريل عليه السلام عرض لي فقال بعد من أدرك رمضان فلم يغفر له قلت آمين فلما رقيت الثانية قال بعد من ذكرت عنده فلم يصل عليك فقلت آمين فلما رقيت الثالثة قال بعد من أدرك أبويه الكبر عنده أو أحدهما فلم يدخلاه الجنة قلت آمين  رواه الحاكم وقال صحيح الإسناد (الترغيب و الترهيب رقم 1479)

Hadhrat Ka’b bin Ujrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that on one occasion Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) asked the Sahaabah to come close to the mimbar. When we came close, Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) ascended the mimbar. When he ascended the first step he said “Aameen”. When he ascended the second step he said “Aameen”. When he ascended the third step he said “Aameen”. (When he descended from the mimbar after delivering the khutba) The Sahaabah (Radhialahu Anhum) enquired, “O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), we heard you mention something today that we never hear from you before (i.e. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) saying ‘Aameen’ thrice while ascending the mimbar). Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “When I ascended the first step, Hadhrat Jibra’eel (Alaihis Salaam) appeared before me and said, “Woe to him who found the blessed month of Ramadhaan and let it pass without gaining forgiveness (i.e. he did not fulfil the rights of this month).” Upon that I said ‘Aameen’. (When I ascended the second step) he said “Woe to him before whom your name is mentioned and he does not recite durood upon you.” I replied, ‘Aameen’. (When I ascended the third step) he said, “Woe to that person in whose presence both parents or one of them attain old age (and through failure to serve them and fulfil their rights) is not allowed to enter Paradise.” I said ‘Aameen’.”


The Experience of Shaikh Abul Khair Aqtaa (Rahmatullahi Alaihi)

Shaikh Abul Khair Aqtaa (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) says: “When I came to Madinah Tayyiba and had spent five days there, I experienced poverty and difficulty. I therefore went to the mubaarak grave of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and greeted him, and also to the graves of Hadhrat Abu Bakr and Hadhrat Umar (Radhiyallahu Anhuma). I then said to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), “O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), today I want to be your guest.” Thereafter I left that spot and went to sleep behind the mimbar. In a dream I had seen Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) with Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiyallahu Anhu) on his right, and Hadhrat Umar (Radhiyallahu Anhu) on his left, and Hadhrat Ali (Radhiallahu Anhu) in front of him. Hadhrat Ali (Radhiallahu Anhu) came to me and said: “Rise up, Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) is coming.” I hastily rose from my resting place and kissed Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) between his eyes. He gave me some bread, from which I ate one half and kept the other half. When I woke up from the dream, the other half of the bread was still in my hand.” (Fazaail Durood)

يَا رَبِّ صَلِّ وَ سَلِّم دَائِمًا أَبَدًا عَلَى حَبِيبِكَ خَيرِ الخَلْقِ كُلِّهِمِ